This thesis examines the 1690s Scottish migration to Ulster, an often assumed rather than studied part of history. Consideration is given to the similarities and differences of Scotland and Ulster’s societies, economies, politics and religion, and their role in encouraging this migration. It also uncovers the impact of this influx on Ulster’s leases during this period, thereby demonstrating the push and pull factors that contributed to this migration. Greater insight is given to the 1690s migrant demographic, with an especial focus on their social status, regional origin and religious affiliation. The impact of return and ministerial migration through the North Channel is also assessed. Furthermore, an analysis of the economic and political influence of these migrants on Ulster’s society provides an understanding of the overwhelmingly negative reaction, rhetoric and reception afforded to Scottish migrants to the northern province in the 1690s. In addition, a comparison is made between the early-modern 1690s migration and modern-day migrant experiences to demonstrate that ‘migrant fear’ is not a new ideology, and create a relatable association. All of these aspects shed light on the cultural and historical influence of this migration on Ulster, still apparent in today’s society. Therefore, it is hoped that this study contributes to an important part of Scottish and Irish history.
- 17th century