Zero-shot fine-grained entity typing in information security based on ontology

Han Zhang, Jiaxian Zhu, Jicheng Chen, Junxiu Liu, Lixia Ji

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
105 Downloads (Pure)


The field of information security suffers from the lack of labelled entities. This study proposes a zero-shot hybrid approach, combining a clustering algorithm with a method for representing category labels, to classify fine-grained entity typing based on unified cybersecurity ontology (UCO) to address this issue. However, certain category labels in UCO do not have distinct domain features, while certain abbreviations cannot be obtained directly from word embedding using Word2vec. Thus, we propose a new method, referred to as mixed entities and hierarchy of UCO (MEHC), to represent the category labels. Moreover, to further improve the performance of fine-grained entity typing we propose the triClustering algorithm to re-cluster coarse-grained classification results or determine corresponding types for new entities, based on the theorem that the sum of two sides of a triangle is greater than the third. The experimental results prove that our triClustering algorithm can effectively shorten the computation time and that the proposed hybrid method is superior to other baselines for information security applications.
Original languageEnglish
Article number107472
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalKnowledge-Based Systems
Early online date15 Sept 2021
Publication statusPublished (in print/issue) - 28 Nov 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by Major Science and Technology Project in Henan Province, China (grant No. 201300210500 ).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier B.V.


  • Clustering algorithm
  • Fine-grained entity typing
  • Information security
  • Representation method for categories
  • Unified cybersecurity ontology


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