Young children's food brand knowledge. Early development and associations with television viewing and parent's diet

Mimi Tatlow-Golden, Eilis Hennessy, Moira Dean, L.E. Hollywood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)


Brand knowledge is a prerequisite of children’s requests and choices for branded foods. We explored the development of young children’s brand knowledge of
foods highly advertised on television – both healthy and less healthy. Participants were 172 children aged 3 to 5 years in diverse socioeconomic settings, from two jurisdictions on the island of Ireland with different regulatory environments. Results indicated that food brand knowledge (i) did not differ
across jurisdictions; (ii) increased significantly between 3 and 4 years; and (iii) children had significantly greater knowledge of unhealthy food brands, compared to similarly advertised healthy brands. In addition, (iv) children’s healthy food brand knowledge was not related to their television viewing, their
mother’s education, or parent or child eating. However, (v) unhealthy brand knowledge was significantly related to all these factors, although only parent eating and children’s age were independent predictors. Findings indicate that effects of food marketing for unhealthy foods take place through routes other than television advertising alone, and are present before pre-schoolers develop the concept of healthy eating. Implications are that marketing restrictions of unhealthy foods should extend beyond television advertising; and that family focused obesity prevention programmes should begin before children are 3 years of age.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)197-203
Issue number1
Early online date21 May 2014
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2014



  • Pre-school
  • Food
  • Brands
  • Parents
  • Television advertising

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