Y-chromosome analysis of ancient Hungarian and two modern Hungarian-speaking populations from the Carpathian Basin

B. Csanyi, E. Bogacsi-Szabo, Gy. Tomory, A. Czibula, K. Priskin, A. Csosz, B. Mende, P. Lango, K. Csete, A. Zsolnai, E. K. Conant, Stephen Downes, I. Rasko

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    21 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The Hungarian population belongs linguistically to the Finno-Ugric branch of the Uralic family. The Tat C allele is an interesting marker in the Finno-Ugric context, distributed in all the Finno-Ugric-speaking populations, except for Hungarians. This question arises whether the ancestral Hungarians, who settled in the Carpathian Basin, harbored this polymorphism or not. 100 men from modern Hungary, 97 Szeklers (a Hungarian-speaking population from Transylvania), and 4 archaeologically Hungarian bone samples from the 10(th) century were studied for this polymorphism. Among the modern individuals, only one Szekler carries the Tat C allele, whereas out of the four skeletal remains, two possess the allele. The latter finding, even allowing for the low sample number, appears to indicate a Siberian lineage of the invading Hungarians, which later has largely disappeared. The two modern Hungarian-speaking populations, based on 22 Y-chromosomal binary markers, share similar components described for other Europeans, except for the presence of the haplogroup P*(xM173) in Szekler samples, which may reflect a Central Asian connection, and high frequency of haplogroup J in both Szeklers and Hungarians. MDS analysis based on haplogroup frequency values, confirms that modern Hungarian and Szekler populations are genetically closely related, and similar to populations from Central Europe and the Balkans.
    LanguageEnglish
    Pages519-534
    JournalAnnals of Human Genetics
    Volume72
    Issue numberPart 4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jul 2008

    Fingerprint

    Carpathian Basin
    Chromosome
    Allele
    Finno-Ugric
    Polymorphism
    Central Europe
    Hungary
    Transylvania
    Asia
    Balkans
    Skeletal Remains
    Multidimensional Scaling

    Cite this

    Csanyi, B., Bogacsi-Szabo, E., Tomory, G., Czibula, A., Priskin, K., Csosz, A., ... Rasko, I. (2008). Y-chromosome analysis of ancient Hungarian and two modern Hungarian-speaking populations from the Carpathian Basin. Annals of Human Genetics, 72(Part 4), 519-534. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-1809.2008.00440.x
    Csanyi, B. ; Bogacsi-Szabo, E. ; Tomory, Gy. ; Czibula, A. ; Priskin, K. ; Csosz, A. ; Mende, B. ; Lango, P. ; Csete, K. ; Zsolnai, A. ; Conant, E. K. ; Downes, Stephen ; Rasko, I. / Y-chromosome analysis of ancient Hungarian and two modern Hungarian-speaking populations from the Carpathian Basin. In: Annals of Human Genetics. 2008 ; Vol. 72, No. Part 4. pp. 519-534.
    @article{bdaaac634eb448e19b788a2b208c5024,
    title = "Y-chromosome analysis of ancient Hungarian and two modern Hungarian-speaking populations from the Carpathian Basin",
    abstract = "The Hungarian population belongs linguistically to the Finno-Ugric branch of the Uralic family. The Tat C allele is an interesting marker in the Finno-Ugric context, distributed in all the Finno-Ugric-speaking populations, except for Hungarians. This question arises whether the ancestral Hungarians, who settled in the Carpathian Basin, harbored this polymorphism or not. 100 men from modern Hungary, 97 Szeklers (a Hungarian-speaking population from Transylvania), and 4 archaeologically Hungarian bone samples from the 10(th) century were studied for this polymorphism. Among the modern individuals, only one Szekler carries the Tat C allele, whereas out of the four skeletal remains, two possess the allele. The latter finding, even allowing for the low sample number, appears to indicate a Siberian lineage of the invading Hungarians, which later has largely disappeared. The two modern Hungarian-speaking populations, based on 22 Y-chromosomal binary markers, share similar components described for other Europeans, except for the presence of the haplogroup P*(xM173) in Szekler samples, which may reflect a Central Asian connection, and high frequency of haplogroup J in both Szeklers and Hungarians. MDS analysis based on haplogroup frequency values, confirms that modern Hungarian and Szekler populations are genetically closely related, and similar to populations from Central Europe and the Balkans.",
    author = "B. Csanyi and E. Bogacsi-Szabo and Gy. Tomory and A. Czibula and K. Priskin and A. Csosz and B. Mende and P. Lango and K. Csete and A. Zsolnai and Conant, {E. K.} and Stephen Downes and I. Rasko",
    year = "2008",
    month = "7",
    doi = "10.1111/j.1469-1809.2008.00440.x",
    language = "English",
    volume = "72",
    pages = "519--534",
    journal = "Annals of Human Genetics",
    issn = "0003-4800",
    number = "Part 4",

    }

    Csanyi, B, Bogacsi-Szabo, E, Tomory, G, Czibula, A, Priskin, K, Csosz, A, Mende, B, Lango, P, Csete, K, Zsolnai, A, Conant, EK, Downes, S & Rasko, I 2008, 'Y-chromosome analysis of ancient Hungarian and two modern Hungarian-speaking populations from the Carpathian Basin', Annals of Human Genetics, vol. 72, no. Part 4, pp. 519-534. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-1809.2008.00440.x

    Y-chromosome analysis of ancient Hungarian and two modern Hungarian-speaking populations from the Carpathian Basin. / Csanyi, B.; Bogacsi-Szabo, E.; Tomory, Gy.; Czibula, A.; Priskin, K.; Csosz, A.; Mende, B.; Lango, P.; Csete, K.; Zsolnai, A.; Conant, E. K.; Downes, Stephen; Rasko, I.

    In: Annals of Human Genetics, Vol. 72, No. Part 4, 07.2008, p. 519-534.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Y-chromosome analysis of ancient Hungarian and two modern Hungarian-speaking populations from the Carpathian Basin

    AU - Csanyi, B.

    AU - Bogacsi-Szabo, E.

    AU - Tomory, Gy.

    AU - Czibula, A.

    AU - Priskin, K.

    AU - Csosz, A.

    AU - Mende, B.

    AU - Lango, P.

    AU - Csete, K.

    AU - Zsolnai, A.

    AU - Conant, E. K.

    AU - Downes, Stephen

    AU - Rasko, I.

    PY - 2008/7

    Y1 - 2008/7

    N2 - The Hungarian population belongs linguistically to the Finno-Ugric branch of the Uralic family. The Tat C allele is an interesting marker in the Finno-Ugric context, distributed in all the Finno-Ugric-speaking populations, except for Hungarians. This question arises whether the ancestral Hungarians, who settled in the Carpathian Basin, harbored this polymorphism or not. 100 men from modern Hungary, 97 Szeklers (a Hungarian-speaking population from Transylvania), and 4 archaeologically Hungarian bone samples from the 10(th) century were studied for this polymorphism. Among the modern individuals, only one Szekler carries the Tat C allele, whereas out of the four skeletal remains, two possess the allele. The latter finding, even allowing for the low sample number, appears to indicate a Siberian lineage of the invading Hungarians, which later has largely disappeared. The two modern Hungarian-speaking populations, based on 22 Y-chromosomal binary markers, share similar components described for other Europeans, except for the presence of the haplogroup P*(xM173) in Szekler samples, which may reflect a Central Asian connection, and high frequency of haplogroup J in both Szeklers and Hungarians. MDS analysis based on haplogroup frequency values, confirms that modern Hungarian and Szekler populations are genetically closely related, and similar to populations from Central Europe and the Balkans.

    AB - The Hungarian population belongs linguistically to the Finno-Ugric branch of the Uralic family. The Tat C allele is an interesting marker in the Finno-Ugric context, distributed in all the Finno-Ugric-speaking populations, except for Hungarians. This question arises whether the ancestral Hungarians, who settled in the Carpathian Basin, harbored this polymorphism or not. 100 men from modern Hungary, 97 Szeklers (a Hungarian-speaking population from Transylvania), and 4 archaeologically Hungarian bone samples from the 10(th) century were studied for this polymorphism. Among the modern individuals, only one Szekler carries the Tat C allele, whereas out of the four skeletal remains, two possess the allele. The latter finding, even allowing for the low sample number, appears to indicate a Siberian lineage of the invading Hungarians, which later has largely disappeared. The two modern Hungarian-speaking populations, based on 22 Y-chromosomal binary markers, share similar components described for other Europeans, except for the presence of the haplogroup P*(xM173) in Szekler samples, which may reflect a Central Asian connection, and high frequency of haplogroup J in both Szeklers and Hungarians. MDS analysis based on haplogroup frequency values, confirms that modern Hungarian and Szekler populations are genetically closely related, and similar to populations from Central Europe and the Balkans.

    U2 - 10.1111/j.1469-1809.2008.00440.x

    DO - 10.1111/j.1469-1809.2008.00440.x

    M3 - Article

    VL - 72

    SP - 519

    EP - 534

    JO - Annals of Human Genetics

    T2 - Annals of Human Genetics

    JF - Annals of Human Genetics

    SN - 0003-4800

    IS - Part 4

    ER -