Workplace culture among operating room nurses

S Eskola, M Roos, B McCormack, Paul Slater, N Hahtela, T Suominen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)


Aims To investigate the workplace culture in the Operating Room (OR)environment and the factors associated with it.Background In health care, the workplace culture affects the delivery andexperience of care. The OR can be a stressful practice environment, where nursesmight have occasionally either job stress or job satisfaction based on theircompetence.Method A quantitative cross-sectional approach was used. The study consisted of96 Finnish OR nurses. A Nursing Context Index instrument was used to obtaindata by way of an electronic questionnaire.Results The primary role and working unit of respondents were the maincomponents relating to workplace culture, and especially to job stress. Nurseanaesthetists were found to be slightly more stressed than scrub nurses. In localhospitals, job stress related to workload was perceived less than in universityhospitals (P = 0.001). In addition, OR nurses in local hospitals were moresatisfied with their profession (P = 0.007), particularly around issues concerningadequate staffing and resources (P = 0.001).Conclusions and implications for nursing management It is essential that nursemanagers learn to recognise the different expressions of workplace culture. Inparticular, this study raises a need to recognise the factors that cause job stress tonurse anaesthetists.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)725-734
JournalJournal of Nursing Management
Issue number6
Early online date26 Apr 2016
Publication statusPublished (in print/issue) - Sept 2016


  • job satisfaction
  • job stress
  • operating room nurse
  • practice environment
  • workplace culture


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