‘Work with Young Men in Northern Ireland – An Advocacy Approach'

Ken Harland, Susan Morgan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Despite various attempts to articulate youth work with young men (e.g. Tett, 1996/7; Lloyd, 1997; YouthAction Northern Ireland, 1996, 1997; Harland, 2001), there still appears to be considerable confusion as to the focus of the work and how it should be delivered. What also appears to be missing is a clear theoretical understanding of the work and a context in which the work has evolved. Drawing upon evidence from empirical research carried out by Harland (1997; 2000; 2001) with young men in inner city Belfast; YouthAction Northern Ireland’s developing practice with young men that has evolved since 1995, and learning from developmental work with young women, this article presents an ‘Advocacy’ model approach to youth work with young men. The model is underpinned by an appreciation of the issues that impinge on young men’s lives and the importance of appropriate learning methods.
LanguageEnglish
Pages74-85
JournalYouth & Policy
Volume81
Publication statusPublished - 14 Oct 2003

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title = "‘Work with Young Men in Northern Ireland – An Advocacy Approach'",
abstract = "Despite various attempts to articulate youth work with young men (e.g. Tett, 1996/7; Lloyd, 1997; YouthAction Northern Ireland, 1996, 1997; Harland, 2001), there still appears to be considerable confusion as to the focus of the work and how it should be delivered. What also appears to be missing is a clear theoretical understanding of the work and a context in which the work has evolved. Drawing upon evidence from empirical research carried out by Harland (1997; 2000; 2001) with young men in inner city Belfast; YouthAction Northern Ireland’s developing practice with young men that has evolved since 1995, and learning from developmental work with young women, this article presents an ‘Advocacy’ model approach to youth work with young men. The model is underpinned by an appreciation of the issues that impinge on young men’s lives and the importance of appropriate learning methods.",
author = "Ken Harland and Susan Morgan",
note = "Reference text: Armstrong, D. (Ed) (1996) ‘Status 0’: A Socio-Economic Study of Young People on the Margin. Northern Ireland Economic Research Centre. Banks, I. (1997) Men’s Health: All you wanted to know about men’s health and more. Belfast: Blackstaff Ltd. Bell, D. (1990) Acts of Union: Youth Culture and Sectarianism in N. Ireland. London: Macmillan Education Ltd. Biddulph, S. (1998) Raising Boys: Why boys are different and how to help them become happy and well balanced men. London: Thorsens Press. Biddulph, S. (1999) Manhood: An action plan for changing men’s lives. London: Hawthorne Press. Bradford, S. and Urquhart, C. (1998) ‘The making and breaking of young men – suicide and the adolescent male.’ Youth and Policy, no. 61: 42-58 Brady, N. (2000) Young Men and Positive Mental health: Project Report. North Western Health Board and Western Health Services Board. Mental health Association of Ireland Publications. Brod, H. and Kaufman. M. (1994) Theorising Masculinities. London: Sage Publications. Cane, T. (Dec. 1999). Young People and Governance. Young People Now. National Youth Agency Publishers. (P23) Cohen, P (1972) Sub-cultural conflict and working class community. Working papers in Cultural Studies. No.2. Birmingham: University of Birmingham. Campbell, K. (1996) Cited in Evaluation Report Girls and Young Women’s Support Project. YouthAction Northern Ireland Publications. Carpenter, V. Young, K. (1986) Coming in from the Margins, Youth Work with Girls and Young Women. NAYC. Connell, R. (1995) Masculinities. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers Connolly, P. and Maginn, P. (1999) Sectarianism, Children and Community Relations in Northern Ireland. University of Ulster: Centre for the Study of Conflict Cousins, N. (Feb. 1988) Setting the Example. Youth in Society. Davidson, N. (Jan. 1988) A Crisis in Masculinity. Youth in Society. Evaluation Report (2000) An Evaluation of YouthAction Northern Ireland’s Work with Young Men’s Unit. YouthAction Northern Ireland Publications. Furlong, A. and Cartmel, F. (1997) Young People and Social Change: Individualisation and Risk in Late Modernity. Buckingham: Open University Press. Geraghty, T., Breakey., C. and Keane, T. (1998) A Sense of Belonging: Young People in rural areas of Northern Ireland speak about their needs, hopes and aspirations. Youth Action Northern Ireland: Youth Action Publishers. Geraghty, T. (1998) Mapping the Absence – A Study of Rural Young Women and their Identities. MSc. Submitted to the University of Ulster. Gillespie, N., Lovett, T. and Garner, W. (1992) Youth Work and Working Class Youth Culture: Rules and Resistance in West Belfast. Buckingham: Open University Press. Gilloway, M. (2001) Finding a Balance: Promoting women in local decision-making. Interagency Group addressing Gender Equality. Derry City Council. Gorz, A. (1982) Farewell to the Working Class: An essay on Post-Industrial Socialism. London: Pluto Press. Gray, A. M. (1999) Lifting the Limits: A Community Leadership Programme by Young Mothers. Youth Action Northern Ireland: Youth Action Publishers. Hall, S., and Jefferson, T. (1976) Resistance through Rituals: Youth Sub-culture in Post War Britain. London: Hutchinson Publishers. Harland, K. Young Men Talking – Voices from Belfast (1997) YouthAction Northern Ireland and Working with Men Publications, London Harland, K. (2000) Men and Masculinity: The construction of masculine identities in inner city Belfast. PhD. submitted to the University of Ulster. Harland, K. (2001) The Challenges and potential of developing a more effective youth work curriculum with young men. Journal of Child Care Practice Vol 7 No. 4 Harland, K., and Morgan, S. (2001) Keeping gender on the agenda. Action Magazine. Young Citizens in Action. Voluntary Service Belfast Publication. Health Promotion Agency for Northern Ireland. (March, 2001) Women, smoking and cessation: meeting the challenge. The journal of Health Promotion for Northern Ireland p24-25. Henry, P. (1999) Someone to talk to….Someone to Listen. A Consultative report with young people in West Belfast. North and West Belfast Health and Social services Trust and the Belfast Education and Library Board. Jenkins, R. (1982) Hightown Rules: Growing up in a Belfast Housing Estate. Leicester: National Youth Bureau Publishers. Jenkins, R. (1983) Lads, Citizens and Ordinary Kids: Working-class Youth life-styles in Belfast. London: Routledge. Lloyd, T. (1996) Young men’s Health – A Youth Work Concern? Belfast: Youth Action & Health Promotion Agency Publications. Lloyd, T. (1996) Young Men’s Health – A Youth Work Concern? Published jointly by YouthAction Northern Ireland and Health Promotion Agency for Northern Ireland. Lloyd, T. (1997) Let’s get changed lads: Developing work with boys and young men. London: Working with Men Publications. Markin, M., Abbott, M., White, L., Rice, B, Horstman., J, McNicholl., U, Griffiths., S (1984) Waiting Our Turn NIAYC Men’s Health Forum in Ireland (2000) Paper presented at launch of Men’s Health Forum. Wednesday 19th. May. Messner, M.A. (1997) Politics of Masculinity: Men in Movements. London: Sage Publications. Mizen, P. (2003) Tomorrow’s future or signs of a misspent youth? Youth and Policy 79, pp. 1-18. Morgan, S. and McMullan, M. (2000) Better Apart. Youth Clubs UK. Magazine. Spring. Moore, R. (Oct.1981) Rethinking work with Boys. Youth in Society. Morton, R. (2003) Belfast Telegraph. Business Telegraph. Muldoon, O.T, Trew, K, and Kilpatrick, R (2000) The Legacy of the Troubles on Young People’s Psychological and Social Development and their School Life. Youth and Society Vol. 32 (1) 6-28 McMaster, J. (2000) JEDI - Towards Future Strategy and Policy. Paper presented at launch of JEDI initiative. McVicar, D. (Ed) (2002) Young People and Social exclusion in Northern Ireland: ‘Status0’ Four Years On. Northern Ireland Economic Research Centre. Narendranathan, W. and Eliis, R. (1993) Influences of Past History on the Incidence of Youth Employment: Empirical Findings for the UK Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics 55, (2) p161-186 Nava, M. (1984) Youth Service Provision, Social Order and the Question of Girls. In A McRobbie and M. Nava (Eds), Gender and Generation, London: Macmillan. Northern Ireland Voluntary Trust. (June, 1999) Empowering Young Adults: Lessons from the Unattached Youth programme. Northern Ireland Voluntary Trust: Briefing Paper. Parmar, P. (1998) Gender, Race and Power: The Challenge to Youth Work Practice. In P. Cohan and H.S Bains (Eds), Multi-Racist Britain, London: Macmillan Rudd, P and Evans, K. (1998) Structure and Agency in Youth Transitions: Student Experiences of Vocational Further Education. Journal of Youth Studies. Vol. 1 No.1 Seidler, V. (1997) Man Enough: Embodying Masculinities. London: Sage Smyth, M. (1998) Half the Battle: Understanding the Impact of the Troubles on Children and Young People. Derry / Londonderry: Incore. University of Ulster. Spence, J. (1990) Youth Work and Gender. In Jeffs, T, and Smith, M., (Eds) Young People Inequality and Youth Work. London: Macmillan Education Ltd. Spence, J. (1996) Feminism in Work With Girls and Young Women. Youth & Policy. Issue 52, Spring Tett, L. (1996/7) Changing masculinities? Single-sex work with boys and young men. Youth & Policy, 55. Tolson, A. (1988) The Limits of Masculinity Tavistock Publishers Ltd. London: Routledge. Trimble, J. (1990) Equality of Opportunity Provision for Girls and Young Women in the Full Time Sector of the Northern Ireland Youth Service. YouthAction Northern Ireland. Willis, P. (1977) Learning to Labour. Saxon House Press. Wyn, J. and Dwyer, P. (1999) New Directions in Research on Youth Transition Journal of Youth Studies. Vol, 2 No.1 YouthAction Northern Ireland (2000) Work with Young Men YouthAction Northern Ireland Publications. YouthAction Northern Ireland (2002) Everyday Life: Young men, violence and developing youth work practice in Northern Ireland. YouthAction Northern Ireland Publications. Youth Council for Northern Ireland. (1993) Participation: Youth Work Curriculum Guidelines. Youth Council for Northern Ireland Publishers. (p9-10) Youth Council for Northern Ireland. (Jan.1994) Into the Mainstream. Equality of Opportunity - Gender. Youth Work Curriculum Guidelines. Youth Council for Northern Ireland Publishers. Youth Council for Northern Ireland. (1998) Benefits of the Youth Service: A study of the experiences of 14-18 year old members of registered youth groups in Northern Ireland. Youth Council for Northern Ireland Publications Youth Council for Northern Ireland. (2003) Health Promotion Guidelines: Youth Work Curriculum. Youth Council for Northern Ireland Publications",
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‘Work with Young Men in Northern Ireland – An Advocacy Approach'. / Harland, Ken; Morgan, Susan.

In: Youth & Policy, Vol. 81, 14.10.2003, p. 74-85.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - ‘Work with Young Men in Northern Ireland – An Advocacy Approach'

AU - Harland, Ken

AU - Morgan, Susan

N1 - Reference text: Armstrong, D. (Ed) (1996) ‘Status 0’: A Socio-Economic Study of Young People on the Margin. Northern Ireland Economic Research Centre. Banks, I. (1997) Men’s Health: All you wanted to know about men’s health and more. Belfast: Blackstaff Ltd. Bell, D. (1990) Acts of Union: Youth Culture and Sectarianism in N. Ireland. London: Macmillan Education Ltd. Biddulph, S. (1998) Raising Boys: Why boys are different and how to help them become happy and well balanced men. London: Thorsens Press. Biddulph, S. (1999) Manhood: An action plan for changing men’s lives. London: Hawthorne Press. Bradford, S. and Urquhart, C. (1998) ‘The making and breaking of young men – suicide and the adolescent male.’ Youth and Policy, no. 61: 42-58 Brady, N. (2000) Young Men and Positive Mental health: Project Report. North Western Health Board and Western Health Services Board. Mental health Association of Ireland Publications. Brod, H. and Kaufman. M. (1994) Theorising Masculinities. London: Sage Publications. Cane, T. (Dec. 1999). Young People and Governance. Young People Now. National Youth Agency Publishers. (P23) Cohen, P (1972) Sub-cultural conflict and working class community. Working papers in Cultural Studies. No.2. Birmingham: University of Birmingham. Campbell, K. (1996) Cited in Evaluation Report Girls and Young Women’s Support Project. YouthAction Northern Ireland Publications. Carpenter, V. Young, K. (1986) Coming in from the Margins, Youth Work with Girls and Young Women. NAYC. Connell, R. (1995) Masculinities. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers Connolly, P. and Maginn, P. (1999) Sectarianism, Children and Community Relations in Northern Ireland. University of Ulster: Centre for the Study of Conflict Cousins, N. (Feb. 1988) Setting the Example. Youth in Society. Davidson, N. (Jan. 1988) A Crisis in Masculinity. Youth in Society. Evaluation Report (2000) An Evaluation of YouthAction Northern Ireland’s Work with Young Men’s Unit. YouthAction Northern Ireland Publications. Furlong, A. and Cartmel, F. (1997) Young People and Social Change: Individualisation and Risk in Late Modernity. Buckingham: Open University Press. Geraghty, T., Breakey., C. and Keane, T. (1998) A Sense of Belonging: Young People in rural areas of Northern Ireland speak about their needs, hopes and aspirations. Youth Action Northern Ireland: Youth Action Publishers. Geraghty, T. (1998) Mapping the Absence – A Study of Rural Young Women and their Identities. MSc. Submitted to the University of Ulster. Gillespie, N., Lovett, T. and Garner, W. (1992) Youth Work and Working Class Youth Culture: Rules and Resistance in West Belfast. Buckingham: Open University Press. Gilloway, M. (2001) Finding a Balance: Promoting women in local decision-making. Interagency Group addressing Gender Equality. Derry City Council. Gorz, A. (1982) Farewell to the Working Class: An essay on Post-Industrial Socialism. London: Pluto Press. Gray, A. M. (1999) Lifting the Limits: A Community Leadership Programme by Young Mothers. Youth Action Northern Ireland: Youth Action Publishers. Hall, S., and Jefferson, T. (1976) Resistance through Rituals: Youth Sub-culture in Post War Britain. London: Hutchinson Publishers. Harland, K. Young Men Talking – Voices from Belfast (1997) YouthAction Northern Ireland and Working with Men Publications, London Harland, K. (2000) Men and Masculinity: The construction of masculine identities in inner city Belfast. PhD. submitted to the University of Ulster. Harland, K. (2001) The Challenges and potential of developing a more effective youth work curriculum with young men. Journal of Child Care Practice Vol 7 No. 4 Harland, K., and Morgan, S. (2001) Keeping gender on the agenda. Action Magazine. Young Citizens in Action. Voluntary Service Belfast Publication. Health Promotion Agency for Northern Ireland. (March, 2001) Women, smoking and cessation: meeting the challenge. The journal of Health Promotion for Northern Ireland p24-25. Henry, P. (1999) Someone to talk to….Someone to Listen. A Consultative report with young people in West Belfast. North and West Belfast Health and Social services Trust and the Belfast Education and Library Board. Jenkins, R. (1982) Hightown Rules: Growing up in a Belfast Housing Estate. Leicester: National Youth Bureau Publishers. Jenkins, R. (1983) Lads, Citizens and Ordinary Kids: Working-class Youth life-styles in Belfast. London: Routledge. Lloyd, T. (1996) Young men’s Health – A Youth Work Concern? Belfast: Youth Action & Health Promotion Agency Publications. Lloyd, T. (1996) Young Men’s Health – A Youth Work Concern? Published jointly by YouthAction Northern Ireland and Health Promotion Agency for Northern Ireland. Lloyd, T. (1997) Let’s get changed lads: Developing work with boys and young men. London: Working with Men Publications. Markin, M., Abbott, M., White, L., Rice, B, Horstman., J, McNicholl., U, Griffiths., S (1984) Waiting Our Turn NIAYC Men’s Health Forum in Ireland (2000) Paper presented at launch of Men’s Health Forum. Wednesday 19th. May. Messner, M.A. (1997) Politics of Masculinity: Men in Movements. London: Sage Publications. Mizen, P. (2003) Tomorrow’s future or signs of a misspent youth? Youth and Policy 79, pp. 1-18. Morgan, S. and McMullan, M. (2000) Better Apart. Youth Clubs UK. Magazine. Spring. Moore, R. (Oct.1981) Rethinking work with Boys. Youth in Society. Morton, R. (2003) Belfast Telegraph. Business Telegraph. Muldoon, O.T, Trew, K, and Kilpatrick, R (2000) The Legacy of the Troubles on Young People’s Psychological and Social Development and their School Life. Youth and Society Vol. 32 (1) 6-28 McMaster, J. (2000) JEDI - Towards Future Strategy and Policy. Paper presented at launch of JEDI initiative. McVicar, D. (Ed) (2002) Young People and Social exclusion in Northern Ireland: ‘Status0’ Four Years On. Northern Ireland Economic Research Centre. Narendranathan, W. and Eliis, R. (1993) Influences of Past History on the Incidence of Youth Employment: Empirical Findings for the UK Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics 55, (2) p161-186 Nava, M. (1984) Youth Service Provision, Social Order and the Question of Girls. In A McRobbie and M. Nava (Eds), Gender and Generation, London: Macmillan. Northern Ireland Voluntary Trust. (June, 1999) Empowering Young Adults: Lessons from the Unattached Youth programme. Northern Ireland Voluntary Trust: Briefing Paper. Parmar, P. (1998) Gender, Race and Power: The Challenge to Youth Work Practice. In P. Cohan and H.S Bains (Eds), Multi-Racist Britain, London: Macmillan Rudd, P and Evans, K. (1998) Structure and Agency in Youth Transitions: Student Experiences of Vocational Further Education. Journal of Youth Studies. Vol. 1 No.1 Seidler, V. (1997) Man Enough: Embodying Masculinities. London: Sage Smyth, M. (1998) Half the Battle: Understanding the Impact of the Troubles on Children and Young People. Derry / Londonderry: Incore. University of Ulster. Spence, J. (1990) Youth Work and Gender. In Jeffs, T, and Smith, M., (Eds) Young People Inequality and Youth Work. London: Macmillan Education Ltd. Spence, J. (1996) Feminism in Work With Girls and Young Women. Youth & Policy. Issue 52, Spring Tett, L. (1996/7) Changing masculinities? Single-sex work with boys and young men. Youth & Policy, 55. Tolson, A. (1988) The Limits of Masculinity Tavistock Publishers Ltd. London: Routledge. Trimble, J. (1990) Equality of Opportunity Provision for Girls and Young Women in the Full Time Sector of the Northern Ireland Youth Service. YouthAction Northern Ireland. Willis, P. (1977) Learning to Labour. Saxon House Press. Wyn, J. and Dwyer, P. (1999) New Directions in Research on Youth Transition Journal of Youth Studies. Vol, 2 No.1 YouthAction Northern Ireland (2000) Work with Young Men YouthAction Northern Ireland Publications. YouthAction Northern Ireland (2002) Everyday Life: Young men, violence and developing youth work practice in Northern Ireland. YouthAction Northern Ireland Publications. Youth Council for Northern Ireland. (1993) Participation: Youth Work Curriculum Guidelines. Youth Council for Northern Ireland Publishers. (p9-10) Youth Council for Northern Ireland. (Jan.1994) Into the Mainstream. Equality of Opportunity - Gender. Youth Work Curriculum Guidelines. Youth Council for Northern Ireland Publishers. Youth Council for Northern Ireland. (1998) Benefits of the Youth Service: A study of the experiences of 14-18 year old members of registered youth groups in Northern Ireland. Youth Council for Northern Ireland Publications Youth Council for Northern Ireland. (2003) Health Promotion Guidelines: Youth Work Curriculum. Youth Council for Northern Ireland Publications

PY - 2003/10/14

Y1 - 2003/10/14

N2 - Despite various attempts to articulate youth work with young men (e.g. Tett, 1996/7; Lloyd, 1997; YouthAction Northern Ireland, 1996, 1997; Harland, 2001), there still appears to be considerable confusion as to the focus of the work and how it should be delivered. What also appears to be missing is a clear theoretical understanding of the work and a context in which the work has evolved. Drawing upon evidence from empirical research carried out by Harland (1997; 2000; 2001) with young men in inner city Belfast; YouthAction Northern Ireland’s developing practice with young men that has evolved since 1995, and learning from developmental work with young women, this article presents an ‘Advocacy’ model approach to youth work with young men. The model is underpinned by an appreciation of the issues that impinge on young men’s lives and the importance of appropriate learning methods.

AB - Despite various attempts to articulate youth work with young men (e.g. Tett, 1996/7; Lloyd, 1997; YouthAction Northern Ireland, 1996, 1997; Harland, 2001), there still appears to be considerable confusion as to the focus of the work and how it should be delivered. What also appears to be missing is a clear theoretical understanding of the work and a context in which the work has evolved. Drawing upon evidence from empirical research carried out by Harland (1997; 2000; 2001) with young men in inner city Belfast; YouthAction Northern Ireland’s developing practice with young men that has evolved since 1995, and learning from developmental work with young women, this article presents an ‘Advocacy’ model approach to youth work with young men. The model is underpinned by an appreciation of the issues that impinge on young men’s lives and the importance of appropriate learning methods.

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