Wikis as an Alternative to Classroom Based Groupwork

L Brown

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    11 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    This research investigates the potential for using a virtual learning environment and inparticular wikis as an alternative to face to face tutorials. From a pedagogicalperspective groupwork and problem based learning provides a teaching/learningenvironment which allows students to discuss and explore ideas whilst benefiting fromdirection and feedback from an e-tutor (Savin-Baden, 2000). This facilitates theopportunity for reflective learning with the goal that a student can develop a betterunderstanding of the material. However, there have been some difficulties observedwith face to face group work that may be alleviated, at least in part by using a virtuallearning environment.The paper explores the results of a blended model of group work. ‘Blended’ refers to ateaching model which includes both face to face sessions and online time via theinternet with the same cohort of students. A wiki1 was used to facilitate the students inexploring one topic in depth through uploading relevant resources and their comments.The wiki environment was observed by the e-tutor on a weekly basis to ensure that allstudents participated and there was an opportunity for the e-tutor to give feedback inclass that same week. The advantages and disadvantages of face to face and virtualenvironment discussions were evaluated by the students and teaching staff after a tenweek period. This paper presents the findings of this exercise from both theperspective of the tutor and the learners. It was a beneficial exercise for the studentsas it enabled easier, more frequent contact with group members which made thegathering of materials for the assignment quicker. It resulted in a repository, generatedby the students, of highly relevant materials stored online that could be accessed 24/7.It assisted the e-tutor in monitoring and evaluating individual contributions to the groupexercise on a continuous basis and allowed the e-tutor the opportunity to encourage non particpants to engage with the activity.
    LanguageEnglish
    Pages26-36
    JournalTransactions
    Volume7
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 2010

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    Cite this

    Brown, L. / Wikis as an Alternative to Classroom Based Groupwork. In: Transactions. 2010 ; Vol. 7, No. 2. pp. 26-36.
    @article{4426d4bd16b441b49a5a45dcfcca7d2d,
    title = "Wikis as an Alternative to Classroom Based Groupwork",
    abstract = "This research investigates the potential for using a virtual learning environment and inparticular wikis as an alternative to face to face tutorials. From a pedagogicalperspective groupwork and problem based learning provides a teaching/learningenvironment which allows students to discuss and explore ideas whilst benefiting fromdirection and feedback from an e-tutor (Savin-Baden, 2000). This facilitates theopportunity for reflective learning with the goal that a student can develop a betterunderstanding of the material. However, there have been some difficulties observedwith face to face group work that may be alleviated, at least in part by using a virtuallearning environment.The paper explores the results of a blended model of group work. ‘Blended’ refers to ateaching model which includes both face to face sessions and online time via theinternet with the same cohort of students. A wiki1 was used to facilitate the students inexploring one topic in depth through uploading relevant resources and their comments.The wiki environment was observed by the e-tutor on a weekly basis to ensure that allstudents participated and there was an opportunity for the e-tutor to give feedback inclass that same week. The advantages and disadvantages of face to face and virtualenvironment discussions were evaluated by the students and teaching staff after a tenweek period. This paper presents the findings of this exercise from both theperspective of the tutor and the learners. It was a beneficial exercise for the studentsas it enabled easier, more frequent contact with group members which made thegathering of materials for the assignment quicker. It resulted in a repository, generatedby the students, of highly relevant materials stored online that could be accessed 24/7.It assisted the e-tutor in monitoring and evaluating individual contributions to the groupexercise on a continuous basis and allowed the e-tutor the opportunity to encourage non particpants to engage with the activity.",
    author = "L Brown",
    note = "Reference text: Proceedings of the 2009 Australasian Association for Engineering Education Conference. The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, 6-9 December 2009. pp. 381-387. Bartolo, D. (2008) Sharing and co-authoring with wiki. Available at: http://socialelearning.flexiblelearning.net.au/social_elearning/index.htm Boulos, M., Maramba, I. & Wheeler, S. (2006) Wikis, blogs and podcasts: A new generation of web based tools for virtual collaborative clinical practice and education. BMC Medical Education, 6, 41. Chickering, A. & Ehrmann, S. (1996) Implementing the seven principles: Technology as lever. AAHE Bulletin, October, pp. 3-6. Choy, S. O. & Ng, K. C. (2007) Implementing wiki software for supplementing online learning. Australasian Journal of Education Technology, 23 (2), 209-226. Cochrane, S., Brodie, L. & Pendlebury, G. (2008) Successful use of a wiki to facilitate virtual team work in a problem based learning environment. Proceedings of the 2008 Australasian Association for Engineering Education Conference. Yeppoon, Queensland, Australia, 7-10 Dec 2008. Available at http://eprints.usq.edu.au/4769/1/Cochrane_Brodie_Pendlebury.pdf Dillenbourg, P. (1999) What do you mean by collaborative learning? In: P. Dillenbourg (Ed) Collaborative-learning: Cognitive and Computational Approaches. Oxford: Elsevier, pp. 1-19. Harasim, L. (2000) Shift happens: Online education as a new paradigm in learning. The Internet and Higher Education, 3 (1-2), 41-61. Ingirige, B. & Goulding, J. (2009) Maximising social interactions and effectiveness within distance learning courses: Cases from construction. Journal for Education in the Built Environment, 4 (1), 75-99. Jonassen, D. H., Peck, K. L. & Wilson, B. G. (1999) Learning with technology: A constructivist perspective. Columbus, Ohio: Prentice Hall. Kittle, P. & Hicks, T. (2009) Transforming the group paper with collaborative online writing. Pedagogy: Critical Approaches to Teaching Literature, Language, Composition and Culture, 9 (3), 525-562. Leuf, B. & Cunningham, W. (2001) The wiki way: Quick collaboration on the web. Boston: Addison Wesley. L. Brown: Wikis as an Alternative to Classroom Based Groupwork 36 CEBE Transactions, Vol. 7, Issue 2, December 2010 Copyright {\circledC} 2010 CEBE Molyneaux, T., Brumley, J., Li, J., Gravina, R. & Ward, L. (2009) A comparison of the use of wikis and eportfolios to facilitate group project work. Proceedings of the 2009 Australasian Association for Engineering Education Conference. The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, 6-9 December 2009, pp. 388-393 Oliver, R. (2005) Quality assurance and e-learning: Blue skies and pragmatism. ALT-J Research in Learning Technology, 13 (3), 173-187. Patrick, M. (2008) Fostering effective and appropriate use of online resources. Discourse: Learning and Teaching in Philosophical and Religious Studies, 8 (1), 99- 111. Polisca, E. (2006) Facilitating the learning process: An evaluation of the use and benefits of a virtual learning environment (VLE)-enhanced independent language learning program (ILLP). Calico Journal, 23 (3), 499-515. QAA. (2008) Framework for higher education qualifications. Available at: http://www.qaa.ac.uk/academicinfrastructure/FHEQ/default.asp Roscoe, J. (2002) The language of e-learning. Higher Education Academy (online) Available at: http://www.heacademy.ac.uk/resources/detail/resource_database/id453_language_of_ e-learning Savin-Baden, M. (2000) Problem-based learning in higher education: Untold stories. Buckingham OUP",
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    Brown, L 2010, 'Wikis as an Alternative to Classroom Based Groupwork', Transactions, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 26-36.

    Wikis as an Alternative to Classroom Based Groupwork. / Brown, L.

    In: Transactions, Vol. 7, No. 2, 12.2010, p. 26-36.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    N1 - Reference text: Proceedings of the 2009 Australasian Association for Engineering Education Conference. The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, 6-9 December 2009. pp. 381-387. Bartolo, D. (2008) Sharing and co-authoring with wiki. Available at: http://socialelearning.flexiblelearning.net.au/social_elearning/index.htm Boulos, M., Maramba, I. & Wheeler, S. (2006) Wikis, blogs and podcasts: A new generation of web based tools for virtual collaborative clinical practice and education. BMC Medical Education, 6, 41. Chickering, A. & Ehrmann, S. (1996) Implementing the seven principles: Technology as lever. AAHE Bulletin, October, pp. 3-6. Choy, S. O. & Ng, K. C. (2007) Implementing wiki software for supplementing online learning. Australasian Journal of Education Technology, 23 (2), 209-226. Cochrane, S., Brodie, L. & Pendlebury, G. (2008) Successful use of a wiki to facilitate virtual team work in a problem based learning environment. Proceedings of the 2008 Australasian Association for Engineering Education Conference. Yeppoon, Queensland, Australia, 7-10 Dec 2008. Available at http://eprints.usq.edu.au/4769/1/Cochrane_Brodie_Pendlebury.pdf Dillenbourg, P. (1999) What do you mean by collaborative learning? In: P. Dillenbourg (Ed) Collaborative-learning: Cognitive and Computational Approaches. Oxford: Elsevier, pp. 1-19. Harasim, L. (2000) Shift happens: Online education as a new paradigm in learning. The Internet and Higher Education, 3 (1-2), 41-61. Ingirige, B. & Goulding, J. (2009) Maximising social interactions and effectiveness within distance learning courses: Cases from construction. Journal for Education in the Built Environment, 4 (1), 75-99. Jonassen, D. H., Peck, K. L. & Wilson, B. G. (1999) Learning with technology: A constructivist perspective. Columbus, Ohio: Prentice Hall. Kittle, P. & Hicks, T. (2009) Transforming the group paper with collaborative online writing. Pedagogy: Critical Approaches to Teaching Literature, Language, Composition and Culture, 9 (3), 525-562. Leuf, B. & Cunningham, W. (2001) The wiki way: Quick collaboration on the web. Boston: Addison Wesley. L. Brown: Wikis as an Alternative to Classroom Based Groupwork 36 CEBE Transactions, Vol. 7, Issue 2, December 2010 Copyright © 2010 CEBE Molyneaux, T., Brumley, J., Li, J., Gravina, R. & Ward, L. (2009) A comparison of the use of wikis and eportfolios to facilitate group project work. Proceedings of the 2009 Australasian Association for Engineering Education Conference. The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, 6-9 December 2009, pp. 388-393 Oliver, R. (2005) Quality assurance and e-learning: Blue skies and pragmatism. ALT-J Research in Learning Technology, 13 (3), 173-187. Patrick, M. (2008) Fostering effective and appropriate use of online resources. Discourse: Learning and Teaching in Philosophical and Religious Studies, 8 (1), 99- 111. Polisca, E. (2006) Facilitating the learning process: An evaluation of the use and benefits of a virtual learning environment (VLE)-enhanced independent language learning program (ILLP). Calico Journal, 23 (3), 499-515. QAA. (2008) Framework for higher education qualifications. Available at: http://www.qaa.ac.uk/academicinfrastructure/FHEQ/default.asp Roscoe, J. (2002) The language of e-learning. Higher Education Academy (online) Available at: http://www.heacademy.ac.uk/resources/detail/resource_database/id453_language_of_ e-learning Savin-Baden, M. (2000) Problem-based learning in higher education: Untold stories. Buckingham OUP

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