“Why would you not listen? It is like being given the winning lottery numbers and deciding not to take them”: semi-structured interviews with post-acute myocardial infarction patients and their significant others exploring factors that influence participation in cardiac rehabilitation and long-term exercise training

Gareth Thompson, Iseult Wilson, Gareth Davison, Jacqui Crawford, Ciara Hughes

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Abstract

Purpose: Despite the clinical benefits, coronary artery disease patient participation rates in cardiac rehabilitation (CR) and long-term exercise are poor. This study explored the factors related to participation in these interventions from the perspectives of post-acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients and their significant others.

Methods: Semi-structured interviews were performed with post-AMI patients (number (n) = 10) and their significant others (n = 10) following phase-III and phase-IV CR. Reflexive thematic analysis with an inductive orientation was utilised to identify themes within the dataset (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT03907293).

Results: The overarching theme of the data was a perceived need to improve health, with the participants viewing health benefits as the principal motive for participating in CR and long-term exercise training. Three further themes were identified: motivation, extrinsic influences, and CR experience. These themes captured the underlying elements of the participants’ decision to take part in CR and long-term exercise training for the purpose of health improvements.

Conclusion: An AMI collectively impacts the attitudes and beliefs of patients and their significant others in relation to CR participation, long-term exercise, and health. The factors identified in this study may inform strategies to promote patient enrollment in CR and adherence to long-term exercise.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberIDRE 1919213
JournalDISABILITY AND REHABILITATION
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 15 Apr 2021

Keywords

  • cardiac rehabilitation
  • long-term exercise
  • enrollment
  • adherence
  • coronary artery disease
  • acute myocardial infarction
  • significant others
  • qualitative study

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