Who is most vulnerable? Exploring job vulnerability, social distancing and demand during Covid-19

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Abstract

COVID-19 has resulted in global lockdowns, social distancing and demand fluctuations. Existing crisis management research often provides a retrospective account of strategy making after a crisis. Limited studies have explored the factors which aid policy responses during an ongoing crisis. This research helps fill this gap by exploring the influence Covid-19 had on job vulnerability during the first wave of the COVID-19 crisis (spring and summer of 2020). We explore Northern Ireland (NI) which historically has experienced disadvantages. We utilise point-in-time modelling which considers contextual variations. The findings reveal that a reduction in social distancing reduces the vulnerability of over 30,000 jobs, however, ongoing uncertainties regarding demand will have a more significant longer-term impact on job vulnerabilities. We identify how COVID-19 may impact sectors, groups and geographies differently. We provide policy recommendations on how to alleviate the impact COVID-19 has for job vulnerability across the NI economy.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)100-142
Number of pages43
JournalThe Irish Journal of Management
Volume40
Issue number2
Early online date22 Feb 2022
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 22 Feb 2022

Keywords

  • Covid-19
  • Job vulnerability
  • Social distancing
  • Demand
  • Crisis
  • Policy response

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