Wheelchair Seating and Pressure Mapping

May Stinson, Shelley Crawford

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Pressure ulcers remain a common problem, incurring great cost to both clients and the health care system. The predominant risk factor for pressure ulcers is interface pressure, that is, the pressure exerted between the body and the seating surface. Interface pressure can be measured by pressure mapping systems, and can assist with pressure ulcer risk assessment by identifying areas of high pressure and postural abnormalities, which both increase the risk of pressure damage. Pressure mapping systems are clinically useful for assisting with cushion selection. In the clinic, the pressure-measuring mat is placed between the client and a variety of seating surfaces in turn. The seating surfaces showing high interface pressure or poor pressure distribution are eliminated. Selection is then further refined on consideration of factors such as comfort, ease of transfers, and maintenance. Pressure mapping is also a valuable tool to guide therapists in the adjustment of complex seating systems. The color-coded pressure maps provide useful biofeedback to clients, caregivers, and health professionals on the importance of weight shifts and optimal postural alignment.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Handbook of Occupational Therapy Interventions
EditorsIngrid Soderback
Place of PublicationNew York
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Chapter16
Pages221-231
Number of pages11
Volume1
Edition2
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-319-08141-0
ISBN (Print)978-3-319-08140-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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  • Management of 24hr-Body Positioning

    Crawford, S. & Stinson, M., 2015, International Handbook of Occupational Therapy Interventions. Soderback, I. (ed.). 2 ed. New York: Springer International Publishing, Vol. 1. p. 189-203 15 p.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

    5 Citations (Scopus)

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