Self-harm is a widespread and controversial issue in contemporary society. Statistics arebased on reported incidents and therefore do not accurately reveal prevalence, asself-harm is often a hidden behaviour. This highlights the essential need for practitionersand society to work towards reducing the stigma surrounding self-harm. Thispaper goes some way towards understanding the impact of self-harm on individualsand communities. It begins by exploring terminologies and definitions of self-harm anddiscusses the importance of sensitivity in language use relating to self-harm. It continuesby examining types of self-harm and subsequently presents life experiences thatmay contribute to the onset of self-harm. The paper elucidates the cultural, historicaland religious origins of self-harm, indicating the ways in which self-harm has evolvedwith us as part of our humanity. Moreover, literature relating to the significance ofstigma and attitudes is examined, followed by issues around psychiatric diagnosespertaining to self-harm. The paper concludes by synthesizing literature relevant to therelationship between self-harm and suicide.
Long, M., Manktelow, R., & Tracey, A. (2013). We are all in this together: Working towards a holistic understanding of self-harm. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 20(2), 105-113. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2850.2012.01893.x