Water disinfection using photo-Fenton: Effect of temperature on Enterococcus faecalis survival

E. Ortega-Gómez, P Fernandez Ibanez, M.M. Ballesteros Martín, M.I. Polo-López, B. Esteban García, J.A. Sánchez Pérez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The photo-Fenton process is a promising alternative to classical water disinfection treat- ments, although information in this regard is scarce due to its operational limitations. The effect of temperature (10, 20, 30 and 40 C) was studied on water disinfection using the photo-Fenton reaction at initial near neutral pH with resorcinol as a model of natural organic matter (NOM). Enterococcus faecalis, a Gram-positive microorganism, was selected as an indicator of wastewater faecal contamination. The individual effects of different vari- ables involved in this process (mechanical stress, UVA, H2O2, Fe2þ, H2O2/Fe2þ, UVA/Fe2þ, UVA/H2O2 and UVA/H2O2/Fe2þ) were determined. UVA and H2O2 led to a 2.5-log decrease individually and the combined effect of both variables managed to disinfect up to the detection limit (i.e. from a 5.5 to a 6-log reduction) over the same treatment time. Only by adding 10 mg L 1 of Fe2þ, the inactivation time was reduced from 120 min (H2O2/UVA) to 80 min (H2O2/UVA/Fe2þ; photo-Fenton) with 120 mg L 1 of H2O2. A higher disinfection result for E. faecalis was observed by increasing temperature according to the Arrhenius equation in the photo-Fenton process. The detection limit was not reached at 10 C and, to achieve the detection limit at 20, 30 and 40 C, 80, 65 and 40 min were needed, respectively. The decrease in treatment time is a key factor in applying the photo-Fenton disinfection process to a wastewater treatment plant.
LanguageEnglish
Pages6154-6162
JournalWater Research
Volume46
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 4 Sep 2012

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Disinfection
disinfection
Water
temperature
water
Temperature
Wastewater treatment
Microorganisms
Biological materials
Wastewater
Contamination
microorganism
wastewater
organic matter
effect
detection

Keywords

  • Water disinfection
  • Enterococcus faecalis
  • Photo-Fenton Resorcinol Temperature

Cite this

Ortega-Gómez, E., Fernandez Ibanez, P., Ballesteros Martín, M. M., Polo-López, M. I., Esteban García, B., & Sánchez Pérez, J. A. (Accepted/In press). Water disinfection using photo-Fenton: Effect of temperature on Enterococcus faecalis survival. 46(18), 6154-6162. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2012.09.007
Ortega-Gómez, E. ; Fernandez Ibanez, P ; Ballesteros Martín, M.M. ; Polo-López, M.I. ; Esteban García, B. ; Sánchez Pérez, J.A. / Water disinfection using photo-Fenton: Effect of temperature on Enterococcus faecalis survival. 2012 ; Vol. 46, No. 18. pp. 6154-6162.
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Ortega-Gómez, E, Fernandez Ibanez, P, Ballesteros Martín, MM, Polo-López, MI, Esteban García, B & Sánchez Pérez, JA 2012, 'Water disinfection using photo-Fenton: Effect of temperature on Enterococcus faecalis survival', vol. 46, no. 18, pp. 6154-6162. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2012.09.007

Water disinfection using photo-Fenton: Effect of temperature on Enterococcus faecalis survival. / Ortega-Gómez, E.; Fernandez Ibanez, P; Ballesteros Martín, M.M.; Polo-López, M.I.; Esteban García, B.; Sánchez Pérez, J.A.

Vol. 46, No. 18, 04.09.2012, p. 6154-6162.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Water disinfection using photo-Fenton: Effect of temperature on Enterococcus faecalis survival

AU - Ortega-Gómez, E.

AU - Fernandez Ibanez, P

AU - Ballesteros Martín, M.M.

AU - Polo-López, M.I.

AU - Esteban García, B.

AU - Sánchez Pérez, J.A.

PY - 2012/9/4

Y1 - 2012/9/4

N2 - The photo-Fenton process is a promising alternative to classical water disinfection treat- ments, although information in this regard is scarce due to its operational limitations. The effect of temperature (10, 20, 30 and 40 C) was studied on water disinfection using the photo-Fenton reaction at initial near neutral pH with resorcinol as a model of natural organic matter (NOM). Enterococcus faecalis, a Gram-positive microorganism, was selected as an indicator of wastewater faecal contamination. The individual effects of different vari- ables involved in this process (mechanical stress, UVA, H2O2, Fe2þ, H2O2/Fe2þ, UVA/Fe2þ, UVA/H2O2 and UVA/H2O2/Fe2þ) were determined. UVA and H2O2 led to a 2.5-log decrease individually and the combined effect of both variables managed to disinfect up to the detection limit (i.e. from a 5.5 to a 6-log reduction) over the same treatment time. Only by adding 10 mg L 1 of Fe2þ, the inactivation time was reduced from 120 min (H2O2/UVA) to 80 min (H2O2/UVA/Fe2þ; photo-Fenton) with 120 mg L 1 of H2O2. A higher disinfection result for E. faecalis was observed by increasing temperature according to the Arrhenius equation in the photo-Fenton process. The detection limit was not reached at 10 C and, to achieve the detection limit at 20, 30 and 40 C, 80, 65 and 40 min were needed, respectively. The decrease in treatment time is a key factor in applying the photo-Fenton disinfection process to a wastewater treatment plant.

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KW - Enterococcus faecalis

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Ortega-Gómez E, Fernandez Ibanez P, Ballesteros Martín MM, Polo-López MI, Esteban García B, Sánchez Pérez JA. Water disinfection using photo-Fenton: Effect of temperature on Enterococcus faecalis survival. 2012 Sep 4;46(18):6154-6162. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2012.09.007