Warming affects predatory faunal impacts upon microbial carbon cycling

William Hunter, Neil Ogle, Nessa O'Connor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Ocean warming and the loss of larger (often predatory) fauna are major threats to seabed (benthic) ecosystem functioning. Yet, we know little about the combined effects of warming and faunal species loss upon the marine carbon cycle. Using stable isotope pulse-chase experiments, we tested how faunal species loss affects microbial carbon sequestration and retention in intertidal sediments, under both ambient and predicted future warming conditions (ambient +2°C), using the shore crab Carcinus maenas as a model predator. We traced the fixation and retention of a fixed dose of 13 C-labelled sodium bicarbonate within sediment organic matter and microbial biomass. Carcinus presence was associated with higher total organic carbon concentration within the mesocosm sediments. Temperature had no significant effect upon sediment total organic carbon concentrations. Temperature and Carcinus presence had no significant effect on polar lipid fatty acid (PLFA) concentrations within the sediment, which is a proxy for microbial biomass. Carcinus presence increased retention of 13 C-labelled carbon within the sediment organic matter pool under future warming conditions. Retention of the 13 C-label within the microbial PLFAs decreased significantly under future warming conditions. Changes in the relative abundance of PLFAs revealed increased contribution of microeukaryotes to the microbial community under ambient conditions, in the absence of Carcinus. PLFA profiles revealed significant changes in 13 C-label retention within the bacteria and microeukaryotes, driven by interactions between Carcinus presence and temperature. Given that temperature is a fundamental control on the metabolic activity of marine organisms (from bacteria to metazoans), we propose that interactions between faunal species loss and ocean warming will have a pronounced effect upon marine carbon budgets. A plain language summary is available for this article.

LanguageEnglish
Pages924-935
Number of pages12
JournalFunctional Ecology
Volume33
Issue number5
Early online date10 Feb 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 May 2019

Fingerprint

Carcinus
warming
sediments
carbon
sediment
total organic carbon
microbial biomass
temperature
fatty acid
oceans
lipid
organic matter
bacterium
Carcinus maenas
sodium bicarbonate
bacteria
carbon budget
mesocosm
biomass
ocean

Keywords

  • blue carbon
  • carbon cycle
  • faunal loss
  • microphytobenthos
  • polar lipid fatty acid
  • predator
  • sediment
  • stable isotope

Cite this

Hunter, William ; Ogle, Neil ; O'Connor, Nessa. / Warming affects predatory faunal impacts upon microbial carbon cycling. 2019 ; Vol. 33, No. 5. pp. 924-935.
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Warming affects predatory faunal impacts upon microbial carbon cycling. / Hunter, William; Ogle, Neil; O'Connor, Nessa.

Vol. 33, No. 5, 09.05.2019, p. 924-935.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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