Visioning New Modes of Integrated and SharedSchooling in Northern Irelande

Gerry McAleavy, HA Donegan, Celia O'Hagan

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Visioning new modes of integrated and shared schooling in Northern IrelandAbstractPlanning for shared schooling in Northern Ireland requires a re-consideration of the decision-making processes that underpin the choices made by parents and a re-thinking of the nature and purpose of alternative modes of educating young people from the different communities together. The paper provides evidence that demand for existing integrated schools in Northern Ireland is growing at a rapid rate and that there is a need to ensure that school places are provided where demand exists. Given recent developments in Scotland, however, in relation to shared schools, it is suggested that new approaches may involve examining the application of this policy to Northern Ireland and, also, opening debate concerning the potential for further development of new forms of shared schooling. These new possibilities offer opportunities to enable young people to encounter a broader range of peers and experience more diverse cultures while retaining the support of the current Controlled (Protestant) and Maintained (Catholic) sectors. The fraught journey towards integrated education in a divided society has implications for European societies where religious belief, intertwined with ethnicity, has been implicated in communal discord and conflict.
    LanguageEnglish
    Pages541-557
    JournalEuropean Journal of Education
    VolumeVol. 4
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 2009

    Fingerprint

    school
    demand
    decision-making process
    parents
    ethnicity
    society
    community
    evidence
    education
    experience
    Society

    Keywords

    • : integrated education
    • parental decision-making
    • school selection
    • shared schooling
    • ethnicity.

    Cite this

    McAleavy, G., Donegan, HA., & O'Hagan, C. (2009). Visioning New Modes of Integrated and SharedSchooling in Northern Irelande. European Journal of Education, Vol. 4(1), 541-557.
    McAleavy, Gerry ; Donegan, HA ; O'Hagan, Celia. / Visioning New Modes of Integrated and SharedSchooling in Northern Irelande. In: European Journal of Education. 2009 ; Vol. Vol. 4, No. 1. pp. 541-557.
    @article{e3f6e0f62849407cad64bfc9578e4ca5,
    title = "Visioning New Modes of Integrated and SharedSchooling in Northern Irelande",
    abstract = "Visioning new modes of integrated and shared schooling in Northern IrelandAbstractPlanning for shared schooling in Northern Ireland requires a re-consideration of the decision-making processes that underpin the choices made by parents and a re-thinking of the nature and purpose of alternative modes of educating young people from the different communities together. The paper provides evidence that demand for existing integrated schools in Northern Ireland is growing at a rapid rate and that there is a need to ensure that school places are provided where demand exists. Given recent developments in Scotland, however, in relation to shared schools, it is suggested that new approaches may involve examining the application of this policy to Northern Ireland and, also, opening debate concerning the potential for further development of new forms of shared schooling. These new possibilities offer opportunities to enable young people to encounter a broader range of peers and experience more diverse cultures while retaining the support of the current Controlled (Protestant) and Maintained (Catholic) sectors. The fraught journey towards integrated education in a divided society has implications for European societies where religious belief, intertwined with ethnicity, has been implicated in communal discord and conflict.",
    keywords = ": integrated education, parental decision-making, school selection, shared schooling, ethnicity.",
    author = "Gerry McAleavy and HA Donegan and Celia O'Hagan",
    note = "Reference text: References Ball, S. J., Bowe, R. and Gewirtz, S. (1996) 'Circuits of Schooling: A sociological exploration of parental choice in social class contexts', The Sociological Review, 43 (1): 52-58. Boal, F. W. (1981) 'Ethnic Residential Segregation, Ethnic Mixing and Resource Conflict: A study in Belfast, Northern Ireland', in C. Peach, V. Robinson and S. Smith (eds) Segregation in Cities. London: Croom Helm: 235-251. Brewer, J. (2002) Social Attitudes in Northern Ireland: The Eighth Report. London: Pluto Press. Available at http://www.ark.ac.uk/orb/summaries/BrewJ02.htm Children's law Centre and Save the Children (2002) Young People's Submission to the United Nations Committee on the Rights of the Child for consideration during the Committee's scrutiny of the UK government's report. Belfast: Children's law Centre and Save the Children. Available at http://www.childrenslawcentre.org/UNCRC_hearing.htm Connolly, P. and Healey, J. (2003) 'The development of children's attitudes towards 'the troubles' in Northern Ireland', in O. Hargies and D. Dickson (Eds) Researching the Troubles: social science perspectives on the Northern Ireland conflict. Edinburgh: Mainstream Publishing. Connolly, P. and Maginn, P. (1999) Sectarianism, Children and Community Relations in Northern Ireland. Centre for the Study of Conflict, Coleraine: University of Ulster. Council for Catholic Maintained Schools (2003) Insight. Holywood: Catholic Council of Maintained Schools. Darby, J. (1983) Northern Ireland: Background to the Conflict. Belfast: Appletree. Denessen, E., Driessena, G. and Sleegers, P. (2005) 'Segregation by Choice? A study of group-specific reasons for school choice'. Journal of Education Policy 20(3): 347-368. Department for Education and Skills (2002) Research Minority Ethnic Pupils in Mainly White Schools. Research Brief No 365. Nottingham: DfEs. Department for Education and Skills (2005) Higher Standards, Better Schools for All – More Choice for Parents and Pupils. Norwich: The Stationery Office Limited. Department of Education Northern Ireland (1997) A Framework for Transformation. Bangor: DENI. Department of Education Northern Ireland (1998) Towards a Culture of Tolerance Integrating Education: Working Party progress report. Belfast: DENI. Available at http://www.deni.gov.uk//16_about_the_department_-_policies_and_strategies-formaltransformation_pg.htm Department of Education Northern Ireland (2003) Transformation: An Information Pack for Schools. Bangor: DENI. Department of Education Northern Ireland (2005a) Schools and pupils in Northern Ireland 1990/91 to 2004/05. Available at http://www.deni.gov.uk/enrolment_time_series-5.xls Department of Education Northern Ireland (2005b) Enrolments by school management type 2000/01 - 2004/05. Available at http://www.deni.gov.uk/enrolment_by_school_management_type-7.xls Devine, P and Schubotz, D (2004): Us and Them? ARK Research Update No 28. Available at www.ark.ac.uk/publications/updates/update28.pdf Doherty, P. (1989) 'Ethnic Segregation Levels in the Belfast Urban Area'. Area 21(2): 151-159. Doherty, P. (1990) 'Residential Segregation, Social Isolation and Integrated Education in Belfast', New Community 16(3): 390-401. Farren, S. (1995). The Politics of Irish Education (1920-1965). Institute of Irish Studies, The Queen's University of Belfast. Fraser, G. and Morgan, V. (1999) In the Frame. Integrated Education in Northern Ireland: the implications of expansion. Centre for the Study of Conflict, University of Ulster, Coleraine. Fossey, R. (1994) 'Open Enrolment in Massachusetts: Why families choose.' Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis. 16 (3): 320-334. Gallagher, A, (1999) Schools for Justice, Schools for Hate: the role of education in social conflict. Belfast: The Psychological Society, Northern Ireland Branch Gallagher, A (2003) 'Education and equality in Northern Ireland', in: Hargie and Dickson (Eds) Researching the Troubles: social science perspectives on the Northern Ireland conflict. Edinburgh: Mainstream Publishing. Gallagher, A., Montgomery, A. and Smith, A. (2003) Integrated Education in Northern Ireland: Participation, Profile and Performance. Coleraine: UNESCO Centre, University of Ulster. Gewirtz, S., Ball, S., J. and Bowe, R. (1995) Markets, Choice and Equity in Education. Buckingham: Open University Press. Goldhaber, D. (2000) 'School Choice: do we know enough?'. Educational Researcher 29(8): 21-22. Goldring, E. and Bauch, P. (1995) 'Parental involvement and school responsiveness: Facilitating the home school connections in schools of choice'. Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 17(7): 1-22. Goldring, E. B. and Hausmann, C. S. (1999) 'Reasons for Parental Choice of Urban Schools'. Journal of Education Policy. 14(5): 469-490. Gorard, S. (1997) 'Market Forces, Choice and Diversity in Education: The Early Impact'. Sociological Research Online 2(3). Available at http://socresonline.org.uk/socresonline/2/3/8.html Holmes, M, deSimone, J. and Rupp N.G. (2003) Does School Choice Increase School Quality? Occasional Paper 72: National Center for the Study of Privatization in Education, Columbia University. Available at http://www.ncspe.org/publications_files/OP72.pdf Hughes, J and Donnelly, C. (2002) 'Ten Years of Social Attitudes to Community Relations in Northern Ireland', in Gray, A et al. (eds) Social Attitudes in Northern Ireland: the 8th Report. London: Pluto Press. Jones, E. (1960) A Social Geography of Belfast. London: Oxford University Press. Keane M. C. (1990) 'Segregation Processes in Public Sector Housing' in P. Doherty (ed) Geographical Perspectives on the Belfast Region. Belfast: Geographical Society of Ireland, Special Publications 5: 88-108. Kelly, B and Sinclair, R (2003) Children from Cross-Community Families in Public Care in Northern Ireland. London: National Children's Bureau. Lindsay, T., and Lindsay, J. (2004) 'Integrated education Northern Ireland: the impact on the attitudes on the attitudes of children' Race Equality Teaching 22(2): 23-28. Low, S.M. (2001) 'The Edge and the Center: Gated Communities and the Discourse of Urban Fear'. American Anthropologist, 103(1): 45-58. McAleavy, G.J., Collins, K., Adamson, G., O'Hagan, C. and O'Reilly, B. (2003) Combating transgenerational disadvantage: identification and evaluation of the mediating factors. Belfast: Society of St Vincent de Paul. McAlpine, L., (2004), Private communication 11th August 2004. Miller, R. (1978) 'Opinions on School Desegregation in Northern Ireland' in A.E.C.W. Spencer and H. Tovey (eds) Sociological Association in Ireland: proceedings of First and Fourth Annual Conferences. Belfast: Department of Social Studies, The Queen's University of Belfast: 50-55. Miller, R., Wilford, R., Donoghue, F. (1996) 'Attitudinal Support for and Low Participation in Integrated Education: A Northern Ireland Conundrum', Administration 44 (3): 61-69. Millward Brown (2003) Public Opinion Survey: Integrated Education in Northern Ireland. Belfast: NICIE. Morgan, V. (1996) 'Pluralism and Cultural Enrichment: Educational Options'. Pluralism in Education Conference Proceedings 1996. Dublin City University and the University of Ulster. Available at http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/csc/reports/plural.htm Morgan, V., Dunn, S., Cairns, E. and Fraser, G. (1992) Breaking the Mould: The Roles of Parents and Teachers in the Integrated Schools in Northern Ireland. Coleraine: Centre for the Study of Conflict, University of Ulster. Mulcahy, C. (2002) 'Learning together to live together. The role of multidenominational schools in a pluralist Ireland'. Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the British Educational Research Association, University of Exeter, England, 12-14th September 2002. NICIE, (2005) Northern Ireland Council for Integrated Education Annual Report 04-05: Available at http://www.nicie.org/archive/AR0405.pdf NISRA (2004) Population projections by the Government Actuary, Northern Ireland, 2003-based, Principal projection. Belfast: NISRA. Available at http://www.nisra.gov.uk/statistics/financeandpersonnel/DMB/datavault/wni03singyear.xls North Lanarkshire Council (2004) Available at http://www.northlan.gov.uk/your+council/news/latest+news/shared+campus+schools+in+north+lanarkshire.html NILT (2005) Northern Ireland Life and Times Survey 2004. Available at http://www.ark.ac.uk/nilt/2004/ Northern Ireland Office (2005a) Available at http://www.nio.gov.uk/the-agreement Northern Ireland Office (2005b) Available at http://www.nio.gov.uk/media-detail.htm?newsID=5913&keywords=integrated+education Northern Ireland office (2006) Hain announces root and branch look at public spending and independent review of education. Available at http://www.nio.gov.uk/media-detail.htm?newsID=12714 Office of the First and Deputy First Minister (2004) Available at http://www.ofmdfmni.gov.uk/communityrelationsunit/index.htm Poole, M.A. and Boal, F. W. (1973) 'Religious Segregation in Belfast in mid 1969: A Multi-Level Analysis' in B. D. Clark and M.B. Gleave (eds) Social patterns in Cities. London: Institute of British Geographers, special publication No 5: 1-40. Royal Commission on Irish Education (1825) Royal Commission on Irish Education: first report with appendix. Lewis; Foster; Grant; Glassford; Blake; Enhanced British Parliamentary papers on Ireland (EPPI). London: HMSO Saaty, T.L. (1980) The Analytic Hierarchy Process. McGraw-Hill: New York. Scotsman, (2004) Available at http://news.scotsman.com/topics.cfm?tid=225&id=652742004 Shirley, E., Schubotz, D., with Abbs, F., Harris, D., Montgomery, L., Moynagh, C., Maguire, D., Livingstone, (2004) Voices behind the Statistics Young People's Views of Sectarianism in Northern Ireland. National Children's Bureau and Northern Ireland Young Life and Times Survey. London: National Children's Bureau. Smith, A. (2001) 'Religious Segregation and the Emergence of Integrated Schools in Northern Ireland', Oxford Review of Education 17(4): 559-575. Smyth, A.W. (1987): Transport Planning and Conflict: The Evolution of a Transportation. Strategy for the BUA. Occasional Papers in Planning, the Queen's University of Belfast. Smyth, A. W. (2000) The Implications of Segregation forTransport within Northern Ireland. Belfast. Community Relations Council for Northern Ireland and Ove Arup & Partners, Arup Transport Planning. Strange, A.M., (1999), Analytical Hierarchies and School Selection. MSc Dissertation, University of Ulster. (Supervised by H.A. Donegan) The Costello Report. (2004) Future Post-Primary Arrangements in Northern Ireland: Advice from the Post-Primary Review Working Group. Bangor: Departrment of Education Tomlinson, S. (1997) 'Diversity and choice and ethnicity: the effects of educational markets on ethnic minorities' Oxford Review of Education.23 (1) 63-76. Toner, I.J. (1994) 'Children of the 'troubles' in Northern Ireland: perspectives and interventions', International Journal of Behaviour Development 17(4): 629-647. Walford, G. (2000) Policy and Politics in Education: Sponsored Grant-Maintained Schools and Religious Diversity. London: Paul Hamlyn Wardlow, M., (2004), In Support of Integrated Education. Available at http://www.nicie.org/archive/publications/in{\%}20support{\%}20of{\%}20integrated{\%}20education.doc Wells, A. S., Crain, R., L. (1992) 'Do parents choose school quality or school status? A sociological theory of free market education', in P. W. Cookston (ed.) The choice controversy. California: Corwin Press. Whyte, J. (1990). Interpreting Northern Ireland. Oxford: Clarendon Press Wilson, D. and Dunn, S. (1989) Integrated Schools: Information for Parents. Coleraine: University of Ulster. Witte, J. (1990) Choice and Control in American Education, Vol. 1: The theory of choice and control in American Education. Bristol, PA: Palmer Press: 11-46.",
    year = "2009",
    language = "English",
    volume = "Vol. 4",
    pages = "541--557",
    journal = "European Journal of Education",
    issn = "0141-8211",
    number = "1",

    }

    McAleavy, G, Donegan, HA & O'Hagan, C 2009, 'Visioning New Modes of Integrated and SharedSchooling in Northern Irelande', European Journal of Education, vol. Vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 541-557.

    Visioning New Modes of Integrated and SharedSchooling in Northern Irelande. / McAleavy, Gerry; Donegan, HA; O'Hagan, Celia.

    In: European Journal of Education, Vol. Vol. 4, No. 1, 2009, p. 541-557.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Visioning New Modes of Integrated and SharedSchooling in Northern Irelande

    AU - McAleavy, Gerry

    AU - Donegan, HA

    AU - O'Hagan, Celia

    N1 - Reference text: References Ball, S. J., Bowe, R. and Gewirtz, S. (1996) 'Circuits of Schooling: A sociological exploration of parental choice in social class contexts', The Sociological Review, 43 (1): 52-58. Boal, F. W. (1981) 'Ethnic Residential Segregation, Ethnic Mixing and Resource Conflict: A study in Belfast, Northern Ireland', in C. Peach, V. Robinson and S. Smith (eds) Segregation in Cities. London: Croom Helm: 235-251. Brewer, J. (2002) Social Attitudes in Northern Ireland: The Eighth Report. London: Pluto Press. Available at http://www.ark.ac.uk/orb/summaries/BrewJ02.htm Children's law Centre and Save the Children (2002) Young People's Submission to the United Nations Committee on the Rights of the Child for consideration during the Committee's scrutiny of the UK government's report. Belfast: Children's law Centre and Save the Children. Available at http://www.childrenslawcentre.org/UNCRC_hearing.htm Connolly, P. and Healey, J. (2003) 'The development of children's attitudes towards 'the troubles' in Northern Ireland', in O. Hargies and D. Dickson (Eds) Researching the Troubles: social science perspectives on the Northern Ireland conflict. Edinburgh: Mainstream Publishing. Connolly, P. and Maginn, P. (1999) Sectarianism, Children and Community Relations in Northern Ireland. Centre for the Study of Conflict, Coleraine: University of Ulster. Council for Catholic Maintained Schools (2003) Insight. Holywood: Catholic Council of Maintained Schools. Darby, J. (1983) Northern Ireland: Background to the Conflict. Belfast: Appletree. Denessen, E., Driessena, G. and Sleegers, P. (2005) 'Segregation by Choice? A study of group-specific reasons for school choice'. Journal of Education Policy 20(3): 347-368. Department for Education and Skills (2002) Research Minority Ethnic Pupils in Mainly White Schools. Research Brief No 365. Nottingham: DfEs. Department for Education and Skills (2005) Higher Standards, Better Schools for All – More Choice for Parents and Pupils. Norwich: The Stationery Office Limited. Department of Education Northern Ireland (1997) A Framework for Transformation. Bangor: DENI. Department of Education Northern Ireland (1998) Towards a Culture of Tolerance Integrating Education: Working Party progress report. Belfast: DENI. Available at http://www.deni.gov.uk//16_about_the_department_-_policies_and_strategies-formaltransformation_pg.htm Department of Education Northern Ireland (2003) Transformation: An Information Pack for Schools. Bangor: DENI. Department of Education Northern Ireland (2005a) Schools and pupils in Northern Ireland 1990/91 to 2004/05. Available at http://www.deni.gov.uk/enrolment_time_series-5.xls Department of Education Northern Ireland (2005b) Enrolments by school management type 2000/01 - 2004/05. Available at http://www.deni.gov.uk/enrolment_by_school_management_type-7.xls Devine, P and Schubotz, D (2004): Us and Them? ARK Research Update No 28. Available at www.ark.ac.uk/publications/updates/update28.pdf Doherty, P. (1989) 'Ethnic Segregation Levels in the Belfast Urban Area'. Area 21(2): 151-159. Doherty, P. (1990) 'Residential Segregation, Social Isolation and Integrated Education in Belfast', New Community 16(3): 390-401. Farren, S. (1995). The Politics of Irish Education (1920-1965). Institute of Irish Studies, The Queen's University of Belfast. Fraser, G. and Morgan, V. (1999) In the Frame. Integrated Education in Northern Ireland: the implications of expansion. Centre for the Study of Conflict, University of Ulster, Coleraine. Fossey, R. (1994) 'Open Enrolment in Massachusetts: Why families choose.' Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis. 16 (3): 320-334. Gallagher, A, (1999) Schools for Justice, Schools for Hate: the role of education in social conflict. Belfast: The Psychological Society, Northern Ireland Branch Gallagher, A (2003) 'Education and equality in Northern Ireland', in: Hargie and Dickson (Eds) Researching the Troubles: social science perspectives on the Northern Ireland conflict. Edinburgh: Mainstream Publishing. Gallagher, A., Montgomery, A. and Smith, A. (2003) Integrated Education in Northern Ireland: Participation, Profile and Performance. Coleraine: UNESCO Centre, University of Ulster. Gewirtz, S., Ball, S., J. and Bowe, R. (1995) Markets, Choice and Equity in Education. Buckingham: Open University Press. Goldhaber, D. (2000) 'School Choice: do we know enough?'. Educational Researcher 29(8): 21-22. Goldring, E. and Bauch, P. (1995) 'Parental involvement and school responsiveness: Facilitating the home school connections in schools of choice'. Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 17(7): 1-22. Goldring, E. B. and Hausmann, C. S. (1999) 'Reasons for Parental Choice of Urban Schools'. Journal of Education Policy. 14(5): 469-490. Gorard, S. (1997) 'Market Forces, Choice and Diversity in Education: The Early Impact'. Sociological Research Online 2(3). Available at http://socresonline.org.uk/socresonline/2/3/8.html Holmes, M, deSimone, J. and Rupp N.G. (2003) Does School Choice Increase School Quality? Occasional Paper 72: National Center for the Study of Privatization in Education, Columbia University. Available at http://www.ncspe.org/publications_files/OP72.pdf Hughes, J and Donnelly, C. (2002) 'Ten Years of Social Attitudes to Community Relations in Northern Ireland', in Gray, A et al. (eds) Social Attitudes in Northern Ireland: the 8th Report. London: Pluto Press. Jones, E. (1960) A Social Geography of Belfast. London: Oxford University Press. Keane M. C. (1990) 'Segregation Processes in Public Sector Housing' in P. Doherty (ed) Geographical Perspectives on the Belfast Region. Belfast: Geographical Society of Ireland, Special Publications 5: 88-108. Kelly, B and Sinclair, R (2003) Children from Cross-Community Families in Public Care in Northern Ireland. London: National Children's Bureau. Lindsay, T., and Lindsay, J. (2004) 'Integrated education Northern Ireland: the impact on the attitudes on the attitudes of children' Race Equality Teaching 22(2): 23-28. Low, S.M. (2001) 'The Edge and the Center: Gated Communities and the Discourse of Urban Fear'. American Anthropologist, 103(1): 45-58. McAleavy, G.J., Collins, K., Adamson, G., O'Hagan, C. and O'Reilly, B. (2003) Combating transgenerational disadvantage: identification and evaluation of the mediating factors. Belfast: Society of St Vincent de Paul. McAlpine, L., (2004), Private communication 11th August 2004. Miller, R. (1978) 'Opinions on School Desegregation in Northern Ireland' in A.E.C.W. Spencer and H. Tovey (eds) Sociological Association in Ireland: proceedings of First and Fourth Annual Conferences. Belfast: Department of Social Studies, The Queen's University of Belfast: 50-55. Miller, R., Wilford, R., Donoghue, F. (1996) 'Attitudinal Support for and Low Participation in Integrated Education: A Northern Ireland Conundrum', Administration 44 (3): 61-69. Millward Brown (2003) Public Opinion Survey: Integrated Education in Northern Ireland. Belfast: NICIE. Morgan, V. (1996) 'Pluralism and Cultural Enrichment: Educational Options'. Pluralism in Education Conference Proceedings 1996. Dublin City University and the University of Ulster. Available at http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/csc/reports/plural.htm Morgan, V., Dunn, S., Cairns, E. and Fraser, G. (1992) Breaking the Mould: The Roles of Parents and Teachers in the Integrated Schools in Northern Ireland. Coleraine: Centre for the Study of Conflict, University of Ulster. Mulcahy, C. (2002) 'Learning together to live together. The role of multidenominational schools in a pluralist Ireland'. Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the British Educational Research Association, University of Exeter, England, 12-14th September 2002. NICIE, (2005) Northern Ireland Council for Integrated Education Annual Report 04-05: Available at http://www.nicie.org/archive/AR0405.pdf NISRA (2004) Population projections by the Government Actuary, Northern Ireland, 2003-based, Principal projection. Belfast: NISRA. Available at http://www.nisra.gov.uk/statistics/financeandpersonnel/DMB/datavault/wni03singyear.xls North Lanarkshire Council (2004) Available at http://www.northlan.gov.uk/your+council/news/latest+news/shared+campus+schools+in+north+lanarkshire.html NILT (2005) Northern Ireland Life and Times Survey 2004. Available at http://www.ark.ac.uk/nilt/2004/ Northern Ireland Office (2005a) Available at http://www.nio.gov.uk/the-agreement Northern Ireland Office (2005b) Available at http://www.nio.gov.uk/media-detail.htm?newsID=5913&keywords=integrated+education Northern Ireland office (2006) Hain announces root and branch look at public spending and independent review of education. Available at http://www.nio.gov.uk/media-detail.htm?newsID=12714 Office of the First and Deputy First Minister (2004) Available at http://www.ofmdfmni.gov.uk/communityrelationsunit/index.htm Poole, M.A. and Boal, F. W. (1973) 'Religious Segregation in Belfast in mid 1969: A Multi-Level Analysis' in B. D. Clark and M.B. Gleave (eds) Social patterns in Cities. London: Institute of British Geographers, special publication No 5: 1-40. Royal Commission on Irish Education (1825) Royal Commission on Irish Education: first report with appendix. Lewis; Foster; Grant; Glassford; Blake; Enhanced British Parliamentary papers on Ireland (EPPI). London: HMSO Saaty, T.L. (1980) The Analytic Hierarchy Process. McGraw-Hill: New York. Scotsman, (2004) Available at http://news.scotsman.com/topics.cfm?tid=225&id=652742004 Shirley, E., Schubotz, D., with Abbs, F., Harris, D., Montgomery, L., Moynagh, C., Maguire, D., Livingstone, (2004) Voices behind the Statistics Young People's Views of Sectarianism in Northern Ireland. National Children's Bureau and Northern Ireland Young Life and Times Survey. London: National Children's Bureau. Smith, A. (2001) 'Religious Segregation and the Emergence of Integrated Schools in Northern Ireland', Oxford Review of Education 17(4): 559-575. Smyth, A.W. (1987): Transport Planning and Conflict: The Evolution of a Transportation. Strategy for the BUA. Occasional Papers in Planning, the Queen's University of Belfast. Smyth, A. W. (2000) The Implications of Segregation forTransport within Northern Ireland. Belfast. Community Relations Council for Northern Ireland and Ove Arup & Partners, Arup Transport Planning. Strange, A.M., (1999), Analytical Hierarchies and School Selection. MSc Dissertation, University of Ulster. (Supervised by H.A. Donegan) The Costello Report. (2004) Future Post-Primary Arrangements in Northern Ireland: Advice from the Post-Primary Review Working Group. Bangor: Departrment of Education Tomlinson, S. (1997) 'Diversity and choice and ethnicity: the effects of educational markets on ethnic minorities' Oxford Review of Education.23 (1) 63-76. Toner, I.J. (1994) 'Children of the 'troubles' in Northern Ireland: perspectives and interventions', International Journal of Behaviour Development 17(4): 629-647. Walford, G. (2000) Policy and Politics in Education: Sponsored Grant-Maintained Schools and Religious Diversity. London: Paul Hamlyn Wardlow, M., (2004), In Support of Integrated Education. Available at http://www.nicie.org/archive/publications/in%20support%20of%20integrated%20education.doc Wells, A. S., Crain, R., L. (1992) 'Do parents choose school quality or school status? A sociological theory of free market education', in P. W. Cookston (ed.) The choice controversy. California: Corwin Press. Whyte, J. (1990). Interpreting Northern Ireland. Oxford: Clarendon Press Wilson, D. and Dunn, S. (1989) Integrated Schools: Information for Parents. Coleraine: University of Ulster. Witte, J. (1990) Choice and Control in American Education, Vol. 1: The theory of choice and control in American Education. Bristol, PA: Palmer Press: 11-46.

    PY - 2009

    Y1 - 2009

    N2 - Visioning new modes of integrated and shared schooling in Northern IrelandAbstractPlanning for shared schooling in Northern Ireland requires a re-consideration of the decision-making processes that underpin the choices made by parents and a re-thinking of the nature and purpose of alternative modes of educating young people from the different communities together. The paper provides evidence that demand for existing integrated schools in Northern Ireland is growing at a rapid rate and that there is a need to ensure that school places are provided where demand exists. Given recent developments in Scotland, however, in relation to shared schools, it is suggested that new approaches may involve examining the application of this policy to Northern Ireland and, also, opening debate concerning the potential for further development of new forms of shared schooling. These new possibilities offer opportunities to enable young people to encounter a broader range of peers and experience more diverse cultures while retaining the support of the current Controlled (Protestant) and Maintained (Catholic) sectors. The fraught journey towards integrated education in a divided society has implications for European societies where religious belief, intertwined with ethnicity, has been implicated in communal discord and conflict.

    AB - Visioning new modes of integrated and shared schooling in Northern IrelandAbstractPlanning for shared schooling in Northern Ireland requires a re-consideration of the decision-making processes that underpin the choices made by parents and a re-thinking of the nature and purpose of alternative modes of educating young people from the different communities together. The paper provides evidence that demand for existing integrated schools in Northern Ireland is growing at a rapid rate and that there is a need to ensure that school places are provided where demand exists. Given recent developments in Scotland, however, in relation to shared schools, it is suggested that new approaches may involve examining the application of this policy to Northern Ireland and, also, opening debate concerning the potential for further development of new forms of shared schooling. These new possibilities offer opportunities to enable young people to encounter a broader range of peers and experience more diverse cultures while retaining the support of the current Controlled (Protestant) and Maintained (Catholic) sectors. The fraught journey towards integrated education in a divided society has implications for European societies where religious belief, intertwined with ethnicity, has been implicated in communal discord and conflict.

    KW - : integrated education

    KW - parental decision-making

    KW - school selection

    KW - shared schooling

    KW - ethnicity.

    M3 - Article

    VL - Vol. 4

    SP - 541

    EP - 557

    JO - European Journal of Education

    T2 - European Journal of Education

    JF - European Journal of Education

    SN - 0141-8211

    IS - 1

    ER -