Value of demand flexibility for providing ancillary services: A case for social housing in the Irish DS3 market

Osaru Agbonaye, Patrick Keatley, Ye Huang, Motasem Bani Mustafa, Oluwasola Ademulegun, Neil Hewitt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)
131 Downloads (Pure)


This paper evaluates the potential of consumer flexibility from a portfolio of heat loads, solar panels and batteries in Social Housing to provide ancillary services. We propose two new ancillary service products: Turn-Up-Demand (TUD) and Turn-Down-Demand (TDD). We ran simulations for a complete year. The buffer-tank scenario provided earnings of £146/year for an average consumer. Finally, we propose a new policy called the Vulnerable Consumer Priority in Administering System Services (VCPASS) and the use of Heat-as-a-Service (HaaS) to fund the replacement of oil-boilers with heat pumps in fuel poor homes with a rate of 9.99p/kWh of heat for a payback period of 15 years.
Original languageEnglish
Article number101130
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalUtilities Policy
Early online date28 Oct 2020
Publication statusPublished (in print/issue) - 1 Dec 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work is funded by the European Union's INTERREG VA Programme [Grant Number IVA5038 ], managed by the Special EU Programmes Body (SEUPB), and is a part of the SPIRE 2 project. The views and opinions expressed in this document do not necessarily reflect those of the European Commission or the Special EU Programmes Body (SEUPB). Special thanks to Sheila Nolan, Eoin Clifford and the entire Eirgrid DS3 team for their generous support and provision of DS3 payment data. Thanks also to NIE Networks and the Northern Ireland Housing Executive for their support of this work.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Elsevier Ltd

Copyright 2020 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • Demand flexibility in social housing
  • Turn-up demand and turn-down demand
  • DS3 ancillary services


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