Value of demand flexibility for managing wind energy constraint and curtailment

Osaru Agbonaye, Patrick Keatley, Y Huang, Osasere F Odiasec , Neil Hewitt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
33 Downloads (Pure)


The dispatch-down of excess wind energy is a growing concern especially for countries integrating high levels of variable-renewable energy. Demand flexibility presents an opportunity to move consumer loads to periods of excess wind energy, which could provide numerous values to the system. While previous research has focused on managing wind energy curtailment (a system-wide issue), much wind energy is rejected due to constraint (a local issue) and hence can only be resolved by local load on-demand. This paper provides a framework to assess the value of demand flexibility for managing wind energy constraint and curtailment. A methodology to determine the optimal number of subscribers to yield sufficient reduction in excess wind energy while ensuring reasonable cost-savings for the subscribers is developed. Analysis shows that this optimal number of subscribers could provide a 67% reduction in constraint and a 74% reduction in curtailment. Consumers can save up-to £220 per year, depending on their priority in the dispatch process. A 10-MW wind farm could earn £19,400 annually from avoided curtailments. System operators could save up-to 78% on constraint payments. The paper also assesses the network impact of flexible loads and provides a methodology for calculating the heat-pump hosting capacity of the grid.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-20
Number of pages20
JournalRenewable Energy
Early online date26 Mar 2022
Publication statusPublished online - 26 Mar 2022


  • Wind Dispatch-down
  • Fuel Poverty
  • Constraint Payments
  • Wind Distribution optimization
  • Network Hosting Analysis
  • Peak Demand Reduction


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