Conflict is “a dynamic process that occurs between interdependent parties as they experience negative emotional reactions to perceived disagreements and interference with the attainment of their goals” (Barki & Hartwick, 2004, p. 234). Recently, the Group Conflict Questionnaire (GCQ; Paradis, Carron, & Martin, 2014) was developed to assess conflict in sport teams. The GCQ consists of 14 items that measure two dimensions: task and social conflict. Although initial reliability (task conflict, a = .92; social conflict, a = .92) and validity (CFI = .946, RMSEA = .086, SRMR = .042) for the GCQ are promising, validity testing is an ongoing process (Carron et al., 1985) and cross validation with other samples should be performed whenever possible (Tabachnick & Fidell, 2013). Thus, the purpose of the present study was to assess the convergent, discriminant, known-group difference, and factorial validity of the GCQ. Athletes (N = 305) completed the GCQ along with the Group Environment Questionnaire (Carron et al., 1985), the Passion Scale (Vallerand et al., 2003), and the Athlete Satisfaction Questionnaire (Riemer & Chelladurai, 1998). Evidence of reliability was supported for both task conflict (a = .90) and social conflict (a = .92). In terms of validity, results yielded evidence of convergent validity with significant inverse relationships between conflict and cohesion, and conflict and satisfaction. Partial support was found for discriminant validity with a significant inverse relationship between conflict and harmonious passion, however no significant relationship was found between conflict and obsessive passion. Support for known-group difference validity was demonstrated through a significant differentiation in perceptions of conflict between sport type (i.e., individual vs. team) and team tenure (i.e., = 1 year vs. = 2 years). Finally, the factorial validity of the GCQ was supported through adequate fit indices via Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFI = .903, RMSEA = .109, SRMR = .060). Implications for the measurement of conflict in sport are discussed.
|Journal||JOURNAL OF SPORT & EXERCISE PSYCHOLOGY|
|Publication status||Published (in print/issue) - Jun 2014|