Objectives: We examined the utility of FeNOSuppT in prediction of progression to biologic agents or discharge from specialist care.
Methods: FeNOSuppT was measured at home using remote monitoring technology of inhaler use alongside daily FENO measurement over 7 days. Long-term clinical outcomes in terms of progression to biologic agent or discharge from specialist care were compared for non-suppressors and suppressors.
Measurements and main results: Of the 162 subjects, 135 successfully completed the test with 81 (60%) positive FENO suppression tests. Subjects with a negative FeNOSuppT were more likely to proceed to biologic therapy (39 of 54 patients, 72%) compared to those with a positive FeNOSuppT (35 of 81 patients, 43%, p=0.001). In subjects with a positive FeNOSuppT, predictors of progression to biologic therapy included higher dose of maintenance steroid at initial assessment and prior intensive care unit admission. These subjects had a significant rise in FENO between post-suppression test and follow-up (median, 33 (IQR 25–55) versus 71 (IQR 24–114); p=0.009), which was not explained by altered corticosteroid dose.
Conclusions: A negative FeNOSuppT correlates with progression to biologic therapy. A positive FeNOSuppT, with subsequent maintenance of “optimised” FENO, predicts a subgroup of patients in whom asthma control is preserved with adherence to high-dose ICS/long-acting β2 agonist and who can be discharged from specialist care.