Using Swarm Models as an Exact Representation of Ionized Gases

Zoran Petrović, Dragana Marić, Marija Puač Savić, Srdjan MARJANOVIĆ, Saša Dujko, Gordana Malović

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


In this review, several examples of ionized gases are presented where swarm models may be employed to provide full description. Those situations include low space charge pre-breakdown, Townsend region breakdown where space charge effects may be calculated from the swarm model and used as the first order perturbation to describe oscillations and transient signal and afterglows.
In addition, implications are considered for microdischarges, discharges in and close to liquids, gas-filled particle traps, thermalization of particles in living tissue, and many more. In all those situations, swarm models provide full description of the discharge, while for most other collision dominated non-equilibrium plasmas swarm physics (transport-related phenomena) provides
a part of the foundation of modeling.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1600124
Number of pages13
JournalPlasma Processes and Polymers
Publication statusPublished (in print/issue) - 30 Sept 2016


  • dc breakdown
  • RF breakdown
  • afterglow
  • electrons
  • ionization
  • attachment
  • positron traps


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