Using mobile technology to provide personalised reminiscence for people living with dementia and their carers: An appraisal of outcomes from a quasi-experimental study

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Abstract

Background: Dementia is an international research priority. Reminiscence is an intervention that prompts memories, and has been widely used as a therapeutic approach for people living with dementia. A novel iPad app was developed to support home-based personalised reminiscence. It is crucial that technology-enabled reminiscence interventions are appraised. Objective: This study sought to measure the effect of technology-enabled reminiscence on mutuality (defined as the level of ‘closeness’ between an adult living with dementia and their carer), quality of carer and patient relationship and subjective wellbeing. Methods: A 19-week personalised reminiscence intervention facilitated by a programme of training and a bespoke iPad app was delivered to people living with dementia and their family carers, in their own homes. Participants (n=60) were recruited in dyads from a cognitive rehabilitation team affiliated with a large UK health care organisation. Each dyad comprised a person living with early to moderate dementia and his/her family carer. Outcome measurement data were collected at baseline, midpoint and intervention close. Results: Participants living with dementia attained statistically significant increases in mutuality (p < .001), quality of carer and patient relationship (p < .001), and subjective wellbeing (p < .001) from baseline to endpoint. Carers attained non-significant increases in mutuality and quality of carer and patient relationship, and a non-significant decrease in subjective wellbeing. Conclusions: Our results indicate that individual specific reminiscence supported by an iPad app may have efficacy in the context of early to moderate dementia. A robust randomised controlled trial of technology enabled personalised reminiscence is warranted. Keywords: dementia, evaluation, mobile apps, reminiscence, research, technology
LanguageEnglish
Article numbere57
JournalJMIR Mental Health
Volume5
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 Sep 2018

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Caregivers
Dementia
Technology
Mobile Applications
Non-Randomized Controlled Trials
Research
Rehabilitation
Randomized Controlled Trials
Organizations
Delivery of Health Care
Education

Keywords

  • Dementia, evaluation, mobile apps, reminiscence, research, technology

Cite this

@article{cd2b66a22b2c43b98aa10ac8da0729c4,
title = "Using mobile technology to provide personalised reminiscence for people living with dementia and their carers: An appraisal of outcomes from a quasi-experimental study",
abstract = "Background: Dementia is an international research priority. Reminiscence is an intervention that prompts memories, and has been widely used as a therapeutic approach for people living with dementia. A novel iPad app was developed to support home-based personalised reminiscence. It is crucial that technology-enabled reminiscence interventions are appraised. Objective: This study sought to measure the effect of technology-enabled reminiscence on mutuality (defined as the level of ‘closeness’ between an adult living with dementia and their carer), quality of carer and patient relationship and subjective wellbeing. Methods: A 19-week personalised reminiscence intervention facilitated by a programme of training and a bespoke iPad app was delivered to people living with dementia and their family carers, in their own homes. Participants (n=60) were recruited in dyads from a cognitive rehabilitation team affiliated with a large UK health care organisation. Each dyad comprised a person living with early to moderate dementia and his/her family carer. Outcome measurement data were collected at baseline, midpoint and intervention close. Results: Participants living with dementia attained statistically significant increases in mutuality (p < .001), quality of carer and patient relationship (p < .001), and subjective wellbeing (p < .001) from baseline to endpoint. Carers attained non-significant increases in mutuality and quality of carer and patient relationship, and a non-significant decrease in subjective wellbeing. Conclusions: Our results indicate that individual specific reminiscence supported by an iPad app may have efficacy in the context of early to moderate dementia. A robust randomised controlled trial of technology enabled personalised reminiscence is warranted. Keywords: dementia, evaluation, mobile apps, reminiscence, research, technology",
keywords = "Dementia, evaluation, mobile apps, reminiscence, research, technology",
author = "Liz/EA Laird and A Ryan and {Mc Cauley}, Claire and RR Bond and Maurice Mulvenna and Kevin Curran and B Bunting and Ferry, {Finola R} and Aideen Gibson",
year = "2018",
month = "9",
day = "11",
doi = "10.2196/mental.9684",
language = "English",
volume = "5",
journal = "JMIR Mental Health",
issn = "2368-7959",
number = "3",

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Using mobile technology to provide personalised reminiscence for people living with dementia and their carers: An appraisal of outcomes from a quasi-experimental study

AU - Laird, Liz/EA

AU - Ryan, A

AU - Mc Cauley, Claire

AU - Bond, RR

AU - Mulvenna, Maurice

AU - Curran, Kevin

AU - Bunting, B

AU - Ferry, Finola R

AU - Gibson, Aideen

PY - 2018/9/11

Y1 - 2018/9/11

N2 - Background: Dementia is an international research priority. Reminiscence is an intervention that prompts memories, and has been widely used as a therapeutic approach for people living with dementia. A novel iPad app was developed to support home-based personalised reminiscence. It is crucial that technology-enabled reminiscence interventions are appraised. Objective: This study sought to measure the effect of technology-enabled reminiscence on mutuality (defined as the level of ‘closeness’ between an adult living with dementia and their carer), quality of carer and patient relationship and subjective wellbeing. Methods: A 19-week personalised reminiscence intervention facilitated by a programme of training and a bespoke iPad app was delivered to people living with dementia and their family carers, in their own homes. Participants (n=60) were recruited in dyads from a cognitive rehabilitation team affiliated with a large UK health care organisation. Each dyad comprised a person living with early to moderate dementia and his/her family carer. Outcome measurement data were collected at baseline, midpoint and intervention close. Results: Participants living with dementia attained statistically significant increases in mutuality (p < .001), quality of carer and patient relationship (p < .001), and subjective wellbeing (p < .001) from baseline to endpoint. Carers attained non-significant increases in mutuality and quality of carer and patient relationship, and a non-significant decrease in subjective wellbeing. Conclusions: Our results indicate that individual specific reminiscence supported by an iPad app may have efficacy in the context of early to moderate dementia. A robust randomised controlled trial of technology enabled personalised reminiscence is warranted. Keywords: dementia, evaluation, mobile apps, reminiscence, research, technology

AB - Background: Dementia is an international research priority. Reminiscence is an intervention that prompts memories, and has been widely used as a therapeutic approach for people living with dementia. A novel iPad app was developed to support home-based personalised reminiscence. It is crucial that technology-enabled reminiscence interventions are appraised. Objective: This study sought to measure the effect of technology-enabled reminiscence on mutuality (defined as the level of ‘closeness’ between an adult living with dementia and their carer), quality of carer and patient relationship and subjective wellbeing. Methods: A 19-week personalised reminiscence intervention facilitated by a programme of training and a bespoke iPad app was delivered to people living with dementia and their family carers, in their own homes. Participants (n=60) were recruited in dyads from a cognitive rehabilitation team affiliated with a large UK health care organisation. Each dyad comprised a person living with early to moderate dementia and his/her family carer. Outcome measurement data were collected at baseline, midpoint and intervention close. Results: Participants living with dementia attained statistically significant increases in mutuality (p < .001), quality of carer and patient relationship (p < .001), and subjective wellbeing (p < .001) from baseline to endpoint. Carers attained non-significant increases in mutuality and quality of carer and patient relationship, and a non-significant decrease in subjective wellbeing. Conclusions: Our results indicate that individual specific reminiscence supported by an iPad app may have efficacy in the context of early to moderate dementia. A robust randomised controlled trial of technology enabled personalised reminiscence is warranted. Keywords: dementia, evaluation, mobile apps, reminiscence, research, technology

KW - Dementia, evaluation, mobile apps, reminiscence, research, technology

UR - http://preprints.jmir.org/preprint/9684/accepted

U2 - 10.2196/mental.9684

DO - 10.2196/mental.9684

M3 - Article

VL - 5

JO - JMIR Mental Health

T2 - JMIR Mental Health

JF - JMIR Mental Health

SN - 2368-7959

IS - 3

M1 - e57

ER -