Upper limb kinematic differences between breathing & non-breathing conditions in front-crawl sprint swimming

Carla McCabe, Stelios Psycharakis, Ross Sanders

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

IntroductionDue to conflicting evidence (Payton et al., 1999; Vezos et al., 2007), the purpose of this study was to determine whether the breathing action in front crawl (FC) sprint swimming affects upper limb kinematics relative to a non-breathing stroke cycle (SC). MethodTen male competitive swimmers performed two 25m FC sprints: one breathing to their preferred side (Br) and one not breathing (NBr). Both swim trials were performed through a 6.75m3 calibrated space and recorded by six gen-locked JVC KY32 CCD cameras. The calculated variables were: average swim velocity, stroke length, stroke frequency, vertical and lateral hand displacement, elbow angle magnitudes, stroke phase durations and the horizontal and vertical hand acceleration. A paired t-test was used to assess statistical differences between the trials, with a confidence level of p
LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationUnknown Host Publication
EditorsBruce Mason
Pages47
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 2014
EventXIIth International Symposium on Biomechanics and Medicine in Swimming - Australian Institute of Sport, Canberra, Australia
Duration: 1 Jan 2014 → …

Conference

ConferenceXIIth International Symposium on Biomechanics and Medicine in Swimming
Period1/01/14 → …

Fingerprint

Biomechanical Phenomena
Upper Extremity
Respiration
Stroke
Hand
Elbow

Cite this

McCabe, C., Psycharakis, S., & Sanders, R. (2014). Upper limb kinematic differences between breathing & non-breathing conditions in front-crawl sprint swimming. In B. Mason (Ed.), Unknown Host Publication (pp. 47)
McCabe, Carla ; Psycharakis, Stelios ; Sanders, Ross. / Upper limb kinematic differences between breathing & non-breathing conditions in front-crawl sprint swimming. Unknown Host Publication. editor / Bruce Mason. 2014. pp. 47
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McCabe, C, Psycharakis, S & Sanders, R 2014, Upper limb kinematic differences between breathing & non-breathing conditions in front-crawl sprint swimming. in B Mason (ed.), Unknown Host Publication. pp. 47, XIIth International Symposium on Biomechanics and Medicine in Swimming, 1/01/14.

Upper limb kinematic differences between breathing & non-breathing conditions in front-crawl sprint swimming. / McCabe, Carla; Psycharakis, Stelios; Sanders, Ross.

Unknown Host Publication. ed. / Bruce Mason. 2014. p. 47.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

TY - GEN

T1 - Upper limb kinematic differences between breathing & non-breathing conditions in front-crawl sprint swimming

AU - McCabe, Carla

AU - Psycharakis, Stelios

AU - Sanders, Ross

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - IntroductionDue to conflicting evidence (Payton et al., 1999; Vezos et al., 2007), the purpose of this study was to determine whether the breathing action in front crawl (FC) sprint swimming affects upper limb kinematics relative to a non-breathing stroke cycle (SC). MethodTen male competitive swimmers performed two 25m FC sprints: one breathing to their preferred side (Br) and one not breathing (NBr). Both swim trials were performed through a 6.75m3 calibrated space and recorded by six gen-locked JVC KY32 CCD cameras. The calculated variables were: average swim velocity, stroke length, stroke frequency, vertical and lateral hand displacement, elbow angle magnitudes, stroke phase durations and the horizontal and vertical hand acceleration. A paired t-test was used to assess statistical differences between the trials, with a confidence level of p

AB - IntroductionDue to conflicting evidence (Payton et al., 1999; Vezos et al., 2007), the purpose of this study was to determine whether the breathing action in front crawl (FC) sprint swimming affects upper limb kinematics relative to a non-breathing stroke cycle (SC). MethodTen male competitive swimmers performed two 25m FC sprints: one breathing to their preferred side (Br) and one not breathing (NBr). Both swim trials were performed through a 6.75m3 calibrated space and recorded by six gen-locked JVC KY32 CCD cameras. The calculated variables were: average swim velocity, stroke length, stroke frequency, vertical and lateral hand displacement, elbow angle magnitudes, stroke phase durations and the horizontal and vertical hand acceleration. A paired t-test was used to assess statistical differences between the trials, with a confidence level of p

M3 - Conference contribution

SN - 978-0-646-91868-6

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BT - Unknown Host Publication

A2 - Mason, Bruce

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McCabe C, Psycharakis S, Sanders R. Upper limb kinematic differences between breathing & non-breathing conditions in front-crawl sprint swimming. In Mason B, editor, Unknown Host Publication. 2014. p. 47