Understanding the Hangover Experience in Canadian Adults: A Latent Class Analysis of Hangover Symptom Patterns and their Alcohol Related Correlates

Gillian W. Shorter, Michelle Murphy, John A Cunningham

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    2 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Aim: Given the ubiquitous nature of hangover experience amongst drinkers, this study aimed to profile hangover experience in terms of the number and patterns of past year symptoms.Methods: Current drinkers in Canada (n=565) recruited through zoompanel were asked about 13 past year hangover symptoms. These were explored through correlation with alcohol consumption, problems, treatment, and other factors.Findings: Increased number of symptoms were associated with higher AUDIT problem score, perceived harm from drinking, younger age, and flushing/blushing when drinking (Mean=3.3 symptoms). Four patterns were found from Latent Class Analysis; class 4 (43%) no symptoms; class 3 (13%) thirst, tiredness, headache, nausea, and vomiting; class 2 (22%) thirst, tiredness, and headache; and class 1 (21%) wide range. Class 1 were characterized by blushing when drinking, higher perceived harm, and attempts to reduce drinking due to hangovers. Classes 1-3 were associated with heavier consumption; only class 3 compared to class 4 had lower drinking refusal self-efficacy. Conclusions: Higher alcohol consumption and lower drinking refusal self-efficacy relate to more symptoms; however, a group with variable alcohol consumption did not experience hangovers. The link between problems, treatment, and hangover was not clear from patterns of symptoms; symptom severity may be worth further investigation.
    LanguageEnglish
    JournalDrugs: Education, Prevention, and Policy
    VolumeN/A
    DOIs
    Publication statusAccepted/In press - 12 Apr 2016

    Fingerprint

    Drinking
    Alcohols
    Blushing
    Alcohol Drinking
    Thirst
    Self Efficacy
    Headache
    Nausea
    Canada
    Vomiting
    Therapeutics

    Keywords

    • Hangover
    • alcohol consumption
    • Hangover Symptoms Scale
    • latent class analysis
    • alcohol problems
    • alcohol hangover
    • hangover experience
    • Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test

    Cite this

    @article{02d22d33093e4e4dabc2b98a341451e8,
    title = "Understanding the Hangover Experience in Canadian Adults: A Latent Class Analysis of Hangover Symptom Patterns and their Alcohol Related Correlates",
    abstract = "Aim: Given the ubiquitous nature of hangover experience amongst drinkers, this study aimed to profile hangover experience in terms of the number and patterns of past year symptoms.Methods: Current drinkers in Canada (n=565) recruited through zoompanel were asked about 13 past year hangover symptoms. These were explored through correlation with alcohol consumption, problems, treatment, and other factors.Findings: Increased number of symptoms were associated with higher AUDIT problem score, perceived harm from drinking, younger age, and flushing/blushing when drinking (Mean=3.3 symptoms). Four patterns were found from Latent Class Analysis; class 4 (43{\%}) no symptoms; class 3 (13{\%}) thirst, tiredness, headache, nausea, and vomiting; class 2 (22{\%}) thirst, tiredness, and headache; and class 1 (21{\%}) wide range. Class 1 were characterized by blushing when drinking, higher perceived harm, and attempts to reduce drinking due to hangovers. Classes 1-3 were associated with heavier consumption; only class 3 compared to class 4 had lower drinking refusal self-efficacy. Conclusions: Higher alcohol consumption and lower drinking refusal self-efficacy relate to more symptoms; however, a group with variable alcohol consumption did not experience hangovers. The link between problems, treatment, and hangover was not clear from patterns of symptoms; symptom severity may be worth further investigation.",
    keywords = "Hangover, alcohol consumption, Hangover Symptoms Scale, latent class analysis, alcohol problems, alcohol hangover, hangover experience, Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test",
    author = "Shorter, {Gillian W.} and Michelle Murphy and Cunningham, {John A}",
    year = "2016",
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    T1 - Understanding the Hangover Experience in Canadian Adults: A Latent Class Analysis of Hangover Symptom Patterns and their Alcohol Related Correlates

    AU - Shorter, Gillian W.

    AU - Murphy, Michelle

    AU - Cunningham, John A

    PY - 2016/4/12

    Y1 - 2016/4/12

    N2 - Aim: Given the ubiquitous nature of hangover experience amongst drinkers, this study aimed to profile hangover experience in terms of the number and patterns of past year symptoms.Methods: Current drinkers in Canada (n=565) recruited through zoompanel were asked about 13 past year hangover symptoms. These were explored through correlation with alcohol consumption, problems, treatment, and other factors.Findings: Increased number of symptoms were associated with higher AUDIT problem score, perceived harm from drinking, younger age, and flushing/blushing when drinking (Mean=3.3 symptoms). Four patterns were found from Latent Class Analysis; class 4 (43%) no symptoms; class 3 (13%) thirst, tiredness, headache, nausea, and vomiting; class 2 (22%) thirst, tiredness, and headache; and class 1 (21%) wide range. Class 1 were characterized by blushing when drinking, higher perceived harm, and attempts to reduce drinking due to hangovers. Classes 1-3 were associated with heavier consumption; only class 3 compared to class 4 had lower drinking refusal self-efficacy. Conclusions: Higher alcohol consumption and lower drinking refusal self-efficacy relate to more symptoms; however, a group with variable alcohol consumption did not experience hangovers. The link between problems, treatment, and hangover was not clear from patterns of symptoms; symptom severity may be worth further investigation.

    AB - Aim: Given the ubiquitous nature of hangover experience amongst drinkers, this study aimed to profile hangover experience in terms of the number and patterns of past year symptoms.Methods: Current drinkers in Canada (n=565) recruited through zoompanel were asked about 13 past year hangover symptoms. These were explored through correlation with alcohol consumption, problems, treatment, and other factors.Findings: Increased number of symptoms were associated with higher AUDIT problem score, perceived harm from drinking, younger age, and flushing/blushing when drinking (Mean=3.3 symptoms). Four patterns were found from Latent Class Analysis; class 4 (43%) no symptoms; class 3 (13%) thirst, tiredness, headache, nausea, and vomiting; class 2 (22%) thirst, tiredness, and headache; and class 1 (21%) wide range. Class 1 were characterized by blushing when drinking, higher perceived harm, and attempts to reduce drinking due to hangovers. Classes 1-3 were associated with heavier consumption; only class 3 compared to class 4 had lower drinking refusal self-efficacy. Conclusions: Higher alcohol consumption and lower drinking refusal self-efficacy relate to more symptoms; however, a group with variable alcohol consumption did not experience hangovers. The link between problems, treatment, and hangover was not clear from patterns of symptoms; symptom severity may be worth further investigation.

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