Understanding arithmetic concepts: The role of domain-specific and domain-general skills.

Camilla Gilmore, Sarah Clayton, Lucy Cragg, Clare McKeaveney, Victoria Simms, Samantha Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A large body of research has identified cognitive skills associated with overall mathematics achievement, focusing primarily on identifying associates of procedural skills. Conceptual understanding, however, has received less attention, despite its importance for the development of mathematics proficiency. Consequently, we know little about the quantitative and domain-general skills associated with conceptual understanding. Here we investigated 8 – 10-year-old children’s conceptual understanding of arithmetic, as well as a wide range of basic quantitative skills, numerical representations and domain-general skills. We found that conceptual understanding was most strongly associated with performance on a number line task. This relationship was not explained by the use of particular strategies on the number line task, and may instead reflect children’s knowledge of the structure of the number system. Understanding the skills involved in conceptual learning is important to support efforts by educators to improve children’s conceptual understanding of mathematics.
LanguageEnglish
JournalPlosOne
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 12 Sep 2018

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mathematics
educator
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Keywords

  • mathematical cognition
  • conceptual understanding
  • domain-general skills
  • number line task
  • arithmetic

Cite this

Gilmore, C., Clayton, S., Cragg, L., McKeaveney, C., Simms, V., & Johnson, S. (Accepted/In press). Understanding arithmetic concepts: The role of domain-specific and domain-general skills. PlosOne.
Gilmore, Camilla ; Clayton, Sarah ; Cragg, Lucy ; McKeaveney, Clare ; Simms, Victoria ; Johnson, Samantha. / Understanding arithmetic concepts: The role of domain-specific and domain-general skills. In: PlosOne. 2018.
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Gilmore, C, Clayton, S, Cragg, L, McKeaveney, C, Simms, V & Johnson, S 2018, 'Understanding arithmetic concepts: The role of domain-specific and domain-general skills.', PlosOne.

Understanding arithmetic concepts: The role of domain-specific and domain-general skills. / Gilmore, Camilla; Clayton, Sarah; Cragg, Lucy; McKeaveney, Clare; Simms, Victoria; Johnson, Samantha.

In: PlosOne, 12.09.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Gilmore C, Clayton S, Cragg L, McKeaveney C, Simms V, Johnson S. Understanding arithmetic concepts: The role of domain-specific and domain-general skills. PlosOne. 2018 Sep 12.