Uncovering the Transnational Networks, Organisational Techniques and State‐Corporate Ties Behind Grand Corruption: Building an Investigative Methodology

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2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

While grand corruption is a major global governance challenge, researchers notably lack asystematic methodology for conducting qualitative research into its complex forms. Toaddress this lacuna, the following article sets out and applies the corruption investigativeframework (CIF), a methodology designed to generate a systematic, transferable approachfor grand corruption research. Its utility will be demonstrated employing a case study thatcentres on an Australian‐led megaproject being built in Papua New Guinea’s capital city,Port Moresby. Unlike conventional analyses of corruption in Papua New Guinea, whichemphasise its local characteristics and patrimonial qualities, application of CIF uncoverednew empirical layers that centre on transnational state‐corporate power, the ambiguity ofcivil society, and the structural inequalities that marginalise resistance movements. Theimportant theoretical consequences of the findings and underpinning methodology areexplored.
LanguageEnglish
Pages29-54
JournalInternational Journal for Crime, Justice and Social Democracy
Volume6
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Nov 2017

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corruption
methodology
Papua-New Guinea
resistance movement
global governance
capital city
qualitative research
lack

Keywords

  • Grand corruption
  • state crime
  • corporate crime
  • investigative methodologies
  • neoliberalism
  • megaprojects.

Cite this

@article{a969a8b077dd49adb706ceb1365102fc,
title = "Uncovering the Transnational Networks, Organisational Techniques and State‐Corporate Ties Behind Grand Corruption: Building an Investigative Methodology",
abstract = "While grand corruption is a major global governance challenge, researchers notably lack asystematic methodology for conducting qualitative research into its complex forms. Toaddress this lacuna, the following article sets out and applies the corruption investigativeframework (CIF), a methodology designed to generate a systematic, transferable approachfor grand corruption research. Its utility will be demonstrated employing a case study thatcentres on an Australian‐led megaproject being built in Papua New Guinea’s capital city,Port Moresby. Unlike conventional analyses of corruption in Papua New Guinea, whichemphasise its local characteristics and patrimonial qualities, application of CIF uncoverednew empirical layers that centre on transnational state‐corporate power, the ambiguity ofcivil society, and the structural inequalities that marginalise resistance movements. Theimportant theoretical consequences of the findings and underpinning methodology areexplored.",
keywords = "Grand corruption, state crime, corporate crime, investigative methodologies, neoliberalism, megaprojects.",
author = "Kristian Lasslett",
note = "Reference text: Auditor General’s Office (AGO) (2005) Special Investigation into the Office of the Public Curator. Waigani, Papua New Guinea: AGO, National Parliament of Papua New Guinea. Barnett T (2002) Report of the Commission of Inquiry into the National Provident Fund. Extracts available at web.archive.org/web/20060923050634/http://www.postcourier.com.pg/NPF{\%}20inquiry/ npf116 (accessed 13 February 2017). Bloom B (2014) Criminalizing kleptocracy? The ICC as a viable tool in the fight against grand corruption. American University International Law Review 29(3): 627‐671. Davani C, Sheehan M (Chief Commissioner) and Manoa D (2009) The Commission of Inquiry Generally into the Department of Finance: Final Report. Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea: National Parliament of Papua New Guinea. Available at http://www.coi.gov.pg/documents/COI{\%}20Finance/COI{\%}20Finance{\%}20Final{\%}20Report.p df (accessed 25 September 2017). Dorney S (1996) Destination – Land of the unexpected publishing coup. The Independent, 27 January. Fifer H (2016) The Opposition. Sydney, New South Wales: Media Stockade. Flyvbjerg B (2014) What you should know about megaprojects and why: An overview. Project Management Journal 45(2): 6‐19. DOI: 10.1002/pmj.21409. Harvey D (1976) Labor, capital, and class struggle around the built environment in advanced capitalist societies. Politics and Society 6: 265‐295. DOI: 10.1177/003232927600600301. Harvey D (2012) Rebel Cities: From the Right to the City to the Urban Revolution. London: Verso. Jain AK (2001) Corruption: A review. Journal of Economic Surveys 15(1): 71‐121. DOI: 10.1111/1467‐6419.00133. J{\'o}nsson SM (1992) The liquorice factory in China turned out to be empty illusion. The Press, 10 September. Kidu C (2012) Get the facts right on Paga Hill. Post‐Courier, 23 May: 10. Kombako D (2007) Corruption as a consequence of cultural and social idiosyncrasies in developing society. In Ayius AA and May RJ (eds) Corruption in Papua New Guinea: Towards an Understanding of Issues: 27‐38. Boroko, Papua New Guinea: National Research Institute. Kurer O (2007) Why do Papua New Guinean voters opt for clientelism? Democracy and governance in a fragile state. Pacific Economic Bulletin 22(1): 39‐53. Lasslett K (2013) Beyond state‐fetishism: Developing a theoretical programme for state crime studies. Revista Cr{\'i}tica Penal y Poder 5: 115‐137. Lasslett K (2014) State Crime on the Margins of Empire: Rio Tinto, the War on Bougainville and Resistance to Mining. London: Pluto Books. Lasslett K (forthcoming) The Crimes of Urbanisation. Abingdon, England: Routledge. Lasslett K Green P and Stanczak D (2015) The barbarism of indifference: Sabotage, resistance and state‐corporate crime. Theoretical Criminology 19(4): 541‐533. Laxton A and Cheung I (1993) Mandarin files writ for $350,000 bill. South China Morning Post, 12 December: 3. Marx K (1981) Capital, Vol. III. Middlesex, England: Penguin Books Ltd. Mirou N and Numapo J (Chief Commissioner) (2013) Commission of Inquiry into the Special Agriculture and Business Lease: Final Report. Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea: National Parliament of Papua New Guinea. Available at http://www.coi.gov.pg/documents/COI{\%}20SABL/Mirou{\%}20SABL{\%}20Final{\%}20Report.pdf (accessed 25 September 2017. Ng E and Wan M (1993) Landlord sues man in Mandarin writ. South China Morning Post, 19 December: 4. O’Callaghan M (1996) Icelandic author in PNG’s bad books. The Australian, 15 February. Oakland Institute (2013) On Our Land: Modern Land Grabs Reversing Independence in Papua New Guinea. Oakland, California: The Oakland Institute, Pacific Network on Globalisation. Available at www.oaklandinstitute.org/sites/oaklandinstitute.org/files/OI_Report_On_Our_Land.pdf (accessed 13 February 2017). Oxfam Australia (2014) Banking on Shaky Ground: Australia’s Big Four Banks and Land Grabs. Carlton, Victoria: Oxfam Australia. Available at https://www.oxfam.org.au/wpcontent/ uploads/site‐media/pdf/2014‐ 47{\%}20australia{\%}27s{\%}20big{\%}204{\%}20banks{\%}20and{\%}20land{\%}20grabs_fa_web.pdf (accessed 13 February 2017). Paga Hill Development Company (2014) UN at PHDC’s official handover to the Tagua community. Page Hill Estate, 9 October. Available at www.youtube.com/watch?v=oJ60hbATUc (accessed 13 February 2017). Paga Hill Development Company (PNG) Limited (PHDC) (2016) Paga Hill Development Company donates house to Police Legacy. Media Release, 22 December. Available at www.pagahillestate.com/paga‐hill‐development‐company‐donates‐house‐to‐police‐legacy/ (accessed 13 February 2017). Paga Hill Development Company (PNG) Limited (PHDC) (2017) Information Memorandum. Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea: PHDC. Available at http://www.pagahillestate.com/wpcontent/ uploads/2017/01/PHE‐Information‐Memorandum‐website‐3.pdf (accessed 25 September 2017). Public Accounts Committee (2003) Report of the Public Accounts Committee on the Parliamentary Service. Waigani, Papua New Guinea: National Parliament of Papua New Guinea. Public Accounts Committee (2006) Public Accounts Committee Report to Parliament on the Inquiry into the Office of the Public Curator. Waigani, Papua New Guinea: National Parliament of Papua New Guinea. Public Accounts Committee (2007) Public Accounts Committee Report to Parliament on the Inquiry into the Department of Lands and Physical Planning. Waigani, Papua New Guinea: National Parliament of Papua New Guinea. Radio New Zealand International (2014) Dateline Pacific, 6 June. Available at: www.radionz.co.nz/international/programmes/datelinepacific/audio/2598597/acontroversial‐ resettlement‐in‐png’s‐capital‐cops‐flak (accessed 2 February 2017). Royal Papua New Guinea Constabulary (RPNGC) Media Unit (2014) Policewomen thank Paga Hill Development Company for timely donation of K20,000. RPNGC Media Release, 24 April. Royal Papua New Guinea Constabulary (RPNGC) Metropolitan Superintendent (2014) Police pleased with Paga Hill resettlement exercise. RPNGC Media Release, 1 June. Schoeneborn D and Homberg F (2016) Goffman’s return to Las Vegas: Studying corruption as social interaction. Journal of Business Ethics. Epub ahead of print 2 July 2016. DOI: 10.1007/s10551‐016‐3245‐0. Standish B (2007) The dynamics of Papua New Guinea’s democracy: An essay. Pacific Economic Bulletin 22: 135‐157. Tax Justice Network (TJN) (n.d) Corruption. Buckinghamshire, England: TJN, Available at www.taxjustice.net/topics/inequality‐democracy/corruption/ (accessed 13 February 2017). The National (2016) Kulang: Development biggest PPP project. 21 December. Available at http://www.thenational.com.pg/kulang‐development‐biggest‐ppp‐project/ (accessed 13 February 2017). Tombs S and Whyte D (2003) (eds) Unmasking the Crimes of the Powerful. Oxford, England: Peter Lang. Torsello D and Venard B (2016) The anthropology of corruption. Journal of Management Inquiry 25(1): 34‐54. DOI: 10.1177/1056492615579081. Transparency International (n.d) What is Corruption. Available at www.transparency.org/whatis‐ corruption#define (accessed 13 February 2017). Willie D (2014) World War II bunker destroyed history lost forever. Post‐Courier, 24 July: 5. World Bank (2011) Anti‐Money Laundering and Combatting the Finance of Terrorism. Sydney, New South Wales: APG Secretariat. Cases cited Carol Anne Kidu v Hollie Fifer [2016] NSWSC 982. Paki v Motor Vehicle Insurance Ltd [2010] PGSC 2. Legislation cited Companies Act 1997 (PNG). Investment Promotion Act 1992 (PNG). Land Act 1996 (PNG). Land Regulation Act 1999 (PNG). Physical Planning Act 1989 (PNG). Public Finances (Management) Act 1995 (PNG).",
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T1 - Uncovering the Transnational Networks, Organisational Techniques and State‐Corporate Ties Behind Grand Corruption: Building an Investigative Methodology

AU - Lasslett, Kristian

N1 - Reference text: Auditor General’s Office (AGO) (2005) Special Investigation into the Office of the Public Curator. Waigani, Papua New Guinea: AGO, National Parliament of Papua New Guinea. Barnett T (2002) Report of the Commission of Inquiry into the National Provident Fund. Extracts available at web.archive.org/web/20060923050634/http://www.postcourier.com.pg/NPF%20inquiry/ npf116 (accessed 13 February 2017). Bloom B (2014) Criminalizing kleptocracy? The ICC as a viable tool in the fight against grand corruption. American University International Law Review 29(3): 627‐671. Davani C, Sheehan M (Chief Commissioner) and Manoa D (2009) The Commission of Inquiry Generally into the Department of Finance: Final Report. Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea: National Parliament of Papua New Guinea. Available at http://www.coi.gov.pg/documents/COI%20Finance/COI%20Finance%20Final%20Report.p df (accessed 25 September 2017). Dorney S (1996) Destination – Land of the unexpected publishing coup. The Independent, 27 January. Fifer H (2016) The Opposition. Sydney, New South Wales: Media Stockade. Flyvbjerg B (2014) What you should know about megaprojects and why: An overview. Project Management Journal 45(2): 6‐19. DOI: 10.1002/pmj.21409. Harvey D (1976) Labor, capital, and class struggle around the built environment in advanced capitalist societies. Politics and Society 6: 265‐295. DOI: 10.1177/003232927600600301. Harvey D (2012) Rebel Cities: From the Right to the City to the Urban Revolution. London: Verso. Jain AK (2001) Corruption: A review. Journal of Economic Surveys 15(1): 71‐121. DOI: 10.1111/1467‐6419.00133. Jónsson SM (1992) The liquorice factory in China turned out to be empty illusion. The Press, 10 September. Kidu C (2012) Get the facts right on Paga Hill. Post‐Courier, 23 May: 10. Kombako D (2007) Corruption as a consequence of cultural and social idiosyncrasies in developing society. In Ayius AA and May RJ (eds) Corruption in Papua New Guinea: Towards an Understanding of Issues: 27‐38. Boroko, Papua New Guinea: National Research Institute. Kurer O (2007) Why do Papua New Guinean voters opt for clientelism? Democracy and governance in a fragile state. Pacific Economic Bulletin 22(1): 39‐53. Lasslett K (2013) Beyond state‐fetishism: Developing a theoretical programme for state crime studies. Revista Crítica Penal y Poder 5: 115‐137. Lasslett K (2014) State Crime on the Margins of Empire: Rio Tinto, the War on Bougainville and Resistance to Mining. London: Pluto Books. Lasslett K (forthcoming) The Crimes of Urbanisation. Abingdon, England: Routledge. Lasslett K Green P and Stanczak D (2015) The barbarism of indifference: Sabotage, resistance and state‐corporate crime. Theoretical Criminology 19(4): 541‐533. Laxton A and Cheung I (1993) Mandarin files writ for $350,000 bill. South China Morning Post, 12 December: 3. Marx K (1981) Capital, Vol. III. Middlesex, England: Penguin Books Ltd. Mirou N and Numapo J (Chief Commissioner) (2013) Commission of Inquiry into the Special Agriculture and Business Lease: Final Report. Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea: National Parliament of Papua New Guinea. Available at http://www.coi.gov.pg/documents/COI%20SABL/Mirou%20SABL%20Final%20Report.pdf (accessed 25 September 2017. Ng E and Wan M (1993) Landlord sues man in Mandarin writ. South China Morning Post, 19 December: 4. O’Callaghan M (1996) Icelandic author in PNG’s bad books. The Australian, 15 February. Oakland Institute (2013) On Our Land: Modern Land Grabs Reversing Independence in Papua New Guinea. Oakland, California: The Oakland Institute, Pacific Network on Globalisation. Available at www.oaklandinstitute.org/sites/oaklandinstitute.org/files/OI_Report_On_Our_Land.pdf (accessed 13 February 2017). Oxfam Australia (2014) Banking on Shaky Ground: Australia’s Big Four Banks and Land Grabs. Carlton, Victoria: Oxfam Australia. Available at https://www.oxfam.org.au/wpcontent/ uploads/site‐media/pdf/2014‐ 47%20australia%27s%20big%204%20banks%20and%20land%20grabs_fa_web.pdf (accessed 13 February 2017). Paga Hill Development Company (2014) UN at PHDC’s official handover to the Tagua community. Page Hill Estate, 9 October. Available at www.youtube.com/watch?v=oJ60hbATUc (accessed 13 February 2017). Paga Hill Development Company (PNG) Limited (PHDC) (2016) Paga Hill Development Company donates house to Police Legacy. Media Release, 22 December. Available at www.pagahillestate.com/paga‐hill‐development‐company‐donates‐house‐to‐police‐legacy/ (accessed 13 February 2017). Paga Hill Development Company (PNG) Limited (PHDC) (2017) Information Memorandum. Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea: PHDC. Available at http://www.pagahillestate.com/wpcontent/ uploads/2017/01/PHE‐Information‐Memorandum‐website‐3.pdf (accessed 25 September 2017). Public Accounts Committee (2003) Report of the Public Accounts Committee on the Parliamentary Service. Waigani, Papua New Guinea: National Parliament of Papua New Guinea. Public Accounts Committee (2006) Public Accounts Committee Report to Parliament on the Inquiry into the Office of the Public Curator. Waigani, Papua New Guinea: National Parliament of Papua New Guinea. Public Accounts Committee (2007) Public Accounts Committee Report to Parliament on the Inquiry into the Department of Lands and Physical Planning. Waigani, Papua New Guinea: National Parliament of Papua New Guinea. Radio New Zealand International (2014) Dateline Pacific, 6 June. Available at: www.radionz.co.nz/international/programmes/datelinepacific/audio/2598597/acontroversial‐ resettlement‐in‐png’s‐capital‐cops‐flak (accessed 2 February 2017). Royal Papua New Guinea Constabulary (RPNGC) Media Unit (2014) Policewomen thank Paga Hill Development Company for timely donation of K20,000. RPNGC Media Release, 24 April. Royal Papua New Guinea Constabulary (RPNGC) Metropolitan Superintendent (2014) Police pleased with Paga Hill resettlement exercise. RPNGC Media Release, 1 June. Schoeneborn D and Homberg F (2016) Goffman’s return to Las Vegas: Studying corruption as social interaction. Journal of Business Ethics. Epub ahead of print 2 July 2016. DOI: 10.1007/s10551‐016‐3245‐0. Standish B (2007) The dynamics of Papua New Guinea’s democracy: An essay. Pacific Economic Bulletin 22: 135‐157. Tax Justice Network (TJN) (n.d) Corruption. Buckinghamshire, England: TJN, Available at www.taxjustice.net/topics/inequality‐democracy/corruption/ (accessed 13 February 2017). The National (2016) Kulang: Development biggest PPP project. 21 December. Available at http://www.thenational.com.pg/kulang‐development‐biggest‐ppp‐project/ (accessed 13 February 2017). Tombs S and Whyte D (2003) (eds) Unmasking the Crimes of the Powerful. Oxford, England: Peter Lang. Torsello D and Venard B (2016) The anthropology of corruption. Journal of Management Inquiry 25(1): 34‐54. DOI: 10.1177/1056492615579081. Transparency International (n.d) What is Corruption. Available at www.transparency.org/whatis‐ corruption#define (accessed 13 February 2017). Willie D (2014) World War II bunker destroyed history lost forever. Post‐Courier, 24 July: 5. World Bank (2011) Anti‐Money Laundering and Combatting the Finance of Terrorism. Sydney, New South Wales: APG Secretariat. Cases cited Carol Anne Kidu v Hollie Fifer [2016] NSWSC 982. Paki v Motor Vehicle Insurance Ltd [2010] PGSC 2. Legislation cited Companies Act 1997 (PNG). Investment Promotion Act 1992 (PNG). Land Act 1996 (PNG). Land Regulation Act 1999 (PNG). Physical Planning Act 1989 (PNG). Public Finances (Management) Act 1995 (PNG).

PY - 2017/11/14

Y1 - 2017/11/14

N2 - While grand corruption is a major global governance challenge, researchers notably lack asystematic methodology for conducting qualitative research into its complex forms. Toaddress this lacuna, the following article sets out and applies the corruption investigativeframework (CIF), a methodology designed to generate a systematic, transferable approachfor grand corruption research. Its utility will be demonstrated employing a case study thatcentres on an Australian‐led megaproject being built in Papua New Guinea’s capital city,Port Moresby. Unlike conventional analyses of corruption in Papua New Guinea, whichemphasise its local characteristics and patrimonial qualities, application of CIF uncoverednew empirical layers that centre on transnational state‐corporate power, the ambiguity ofcivil society, and the structural inequalities that marginalise resistance movements. Theimportant theoretical consequences of the findings and underpinning methodology areexplored.

AB - While grand corruption is a major global governance challenge, researchers notably lack asystematic methodology for conducting qualitative research into its complex forms. Toaddress this lacuna, the following article sets out and applies the corruption investigativeframework (CIF), a methodology designed to generate a systematic, transferable approachfor grand corruption research. Its utility will be demonstrated employing a case study thatcentres on an Australian‐led megaproject being built in Papua New Guinea’s capital city,Port Moresby. Unlike conventional analyses of corruption in Papua New Guinea, whichemphasise its local characteristics and patrimonial qualities, application of CIF uncoverednew empirical layers that centre on transnational state‐corporate power, the ambiguity ofcivil society, and the structural inequalities that marginalise resistance movements. Theimportant theoretical consequences of the findings and underpinning methodology areexplored.

KW - Grand corruption

KW - state crime

KW - corporate crime

KW - investigative methodologies

KW - neoliberalism

KW - megaprojects.

U2 - 10.5204/ijcjsd.v6i4.445

DO - 10.5204/ijcjsd.v6i4.445

M3 - Article

VL - 6

SP - 29

EP - 54

JO - International Journal for Crime, Justice and Social Democracy

T2 - International Journal for Crime, Justice and Social Democracy

JF - International Journal for Crime, Justice and Social Democracy

SN - 2202-7998

IS - 4

ER -