Ultrasound Assessment of Flow-Mediated Dilation

Ryan A. Harris, Steven K Nishiyama, D Walter Wray, Russell S Richardson

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    400 Citations (Scopus)


    Developed in 1992, the flow-mediated dilation test is now the most commonly used noninvasive assessment of vascular endothelial function in humans. Since its inception, scientists have refined their understanding of the physiology, analysis, and interpretation of this measurement. Recently, a significant growth of knowledge has added to our understanding and implementation of this clinically relevant research methodology. Therefore, this tutorial provides timely insight into recent advances and practical information related to the ultrasonic assessment of vascular endothelial function in humans.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1075-1085
    Publication statusPublished - 29 Mar 2010


    • FMD
    • endothelial function
    • reactive hyperemia
    • shear stress


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