Tri-directional Gradient Operators for Hexagonal Image Processing

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Image processing has traditionally involved the use of square operators on regular rectangular image lattices. For many years the concept of using hexagonal pixels for image capture has been investigated, and several advantages of such an approach have been highlighted. We present a design procedure for hexagonal gradient operators, developed within the finite element framework, for use on hexagonal pixel based images. In order to evaluate the approach, we generate pseudo hexagonal images via resizing and resampling of rectangular images. This approach also allows us to present results visually without the use of hexagonal lattice capture or display hardware. We provide comparative results with existing gradient operators, both rectangular and hexagonal.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)614-626
JournalJournal of Visual Communication and Image Representation
Early online date5 Apr 2016
Publication statusPublished (in print/issue) - 31 Jul 2016


  • Hexagonal image processing
  • Scalable operator
  • Tri-directional operator
  • Gradient operator


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