Tracking (Poly)phenol components from raspberries in ileal fluid.

Gordon Mc Dougall, Sean Connor, Gemma Pereira-Caro, Rocio Gonzalez-Barrio, Emma Brown, Susan Verrall, Roger Lawther, Ian Rowland, Derek Stewart, Alan Crozier, Chris IR Gill

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    38 Citations (Scopus)


    The (poly)phenols in ileal fluid after ingestion of raspberries were analyzed by targeted and nontargeted LC-MS(n) approaches. Targeted approaches identified major anthocyanin and ellagitannin components at varying recoveries and with considerable interindividual variation. Nontargeted LC-MS(n) analysis using an orbitrap mass spectrometer gave exact mass MS data which were sifted using a software program to select peaks that changed significantly after supplementation. This method confirmed the recovery of the targeted components but also identified novel raspberry-specific metabolites. Some components (including ellagitannin and previously unidentified proanthocyanidin derivatives) may have arisen from raspberry seeds that survived intact in ileal samples. Other components include potential breakdown products of anthocyanins, unidentified components, and phenolic metabolites formed either in the gut epithelia or after absorption into the circulatory system and efflux back into the gut lumen. The possible physiological roles of the ileal metabolites in the large bowel are discussed
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)7631-7641
    JournalJ Agric Food Chem.
    Issue number30
    Publication statusPublished (in print/issue) - Jul 2014


    • Polyphenols
    • digestion
    • ileal fluid
    • raspberries
    • diet
    • gut health


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