A fundamental aspect of many human-robot col- laborative tasks is object exchange or handover. Several tech- niques have been proposed to decide when a robot hand or gripper should release an object for a human to receive. However, these techniques typically neglect the reliability of the handover, assuming the process will occur without issue. Based on the fact that humans apply pulling forces in specific directions when receiving an object, this paper presents a recursive procedure enabling a robot to release an object appropriately and timely during a handover. Experiments with naive users showed subject-specific consistent pulling directions during robot-human handovers, highlighting the need for a system to be capable of detecting force directions in relation to objects. The approach reported in this paper shows that through tactile sensing the proposed approach can accurately classify between five different actions impacting an object held by a robot hand. The recursive nature of the system also enables detection of sequences of different actions, enabling the robot to decide to safely release the object only when the pulling performed by the human is in the right direction.
|Title of host publication||Unknown Host Publication|
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Accepted/In press - 30 May 2017|
|Event||IEEE International Symposium on Robot and Human Interactive Communication - Lisbon, Portugal|
Duration: 30 May 2017 → …
|Conference||IEEE International Symposium on Robot and Human Interactive Communication|
|Period||30/05/17 → …|
Gomez, A., Rano, I., Coleman, SA., & McGinnity, T. M. (Accepted/In press). Towards Robot-Human Reliable Hand-over: Continuous Detection of Object Perturbation Force Direction. In Unknown Host Publication IEEE.