Tourism and host communities: definition, types and relationships

Stephen Boyd, Shalini Singh

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

This chapter was requested by the editors. The chapter sets out to address three aspects. First, a range of definitions of 'community' are presented along with the extant literature on each, these were geographical and socio-anthropological thinking on the term. Second, a typology of community characteristics is developed that includes type of community in terms of setting and scale and the extent to which there is a high degree of homogeneity or heterogeneity present. The third element of the chapter explores the relationships that can exist between tourism/tourists and communities. This is set out in the form of game theory where there are four possible outcomes; win-win, win-lose, lose-win, or lose-lose. Each of these scenarios is represented in real-life case examples, Uluru and its community (win-win), Bermuda and its restrictive tourism policy to keep numbers low (win-lose), Atlantic City development of gaming (lose-win), and the unrestricted 3s tourism development in Benidorm (lose-lose).
LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationTourism in Host Communities
EditorsDallen Timothy, Shalini Singh, Ross Dowling
Place of PublicationWallingford
Pages19-36
Publication statusPublished - 2003

Fingerprint

Tourism
Win-win
Tourism policy
Game theory
Gaming
Homogeneity
Tourism development
Tourists
Scenarios

Cite this

Boyd, S., & Singh, S. (2003). Tourism and host communities: definition, types and relationships. In D. Timothy, S. Singh, & R. Dowling (Eds.), Tourism in Host Communities (pp. 19-36). Wallingford.
Boyd, Stephen ; Singh, Shalini. / Tourism and host communities: definition, types and relationships. Tourism in Host Communities. editor / Dallen Timothy ; Shalini Singh ; Ross Dowling. Wallingford, 2003. pp. 19-36
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Boyd, S & Singh, S 2003, Tourism and host communities: definition, types and relationships. in D Timothy, S Singh & R Dowling (eds), Tourism in Host Communities. Wallingford, pp. 19-36.

Tourism and host communities: definition, types and relationships. / Boyd, Stephen; Singh, Shalini.

Tourism in Host Communities. ed. / Dallen Timothy; Shalini Singh; Ross Dowling. Wallingford, 2003. p. 19-36.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

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AB - This chapter was requested by the editors. The chapter sets out to address three aspects. First, a range of definitions of 'community' are presented along with the extant literature on each, these were geographical and socio-anthropological thinking on the term. Second, a typology of community characteristics is developed that includes type of community in terms of setting and scale and the extent to which there is a high degree of homogeneity or heterogeneity present. The third element of the chapter explores the relationships that can exist between tourism/tourists and communities. This is set out in the form of game theory where there are four possible outcomes; win-win, win-lose, lose-win, or lose-lose. Each of these scenarios is represented in real-life case examples, Uluru and its community (win-win), Bermuda and its restrictive tourism policy to keep numbers low (win-lose), Atlantic City development of gaming (lose-win), and the unrestricted 3s tourism development in Benidorm (lose-lose).

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Boyd S, Singh S. Tourism and host communities: definition, types and relationships. In Timothy D, Singh S, Dowling R, editors, Tourism in Host Communities. Wallingford. 2003. p. 19-36