Threshold for sand mobility on Mars calibrated from seasonal variations of sand flux

F. Ayoub, J. P. Avouac, C. E. Newman, M. I. Richardson, A. Lucas, S. Leprince, N. T. Bridges

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Abstract

Coupling between surface winds and saltation is a fundamental factor governing geological activity and climate on Mars. Saltation of sand is crucial for both erosion of the surface and dust lifting into the atmosphere. Wind tunnel experiments along with measurements from surface meteorology stations and modelling of wind speeds suggest that winds should only rarely move sand on Mars. However, evidence for currently active dune migration has recently accumulated. Crucially, the frequency of sand-moving events and the implied threshold wind stresses for saltation have remained unknown. Here we present detailed measurements of Nili Patera dune field based on High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment images, demonstrating that sand motion occurs daily throughout much of the year and that the resulting sand flux is strongly seasonal. Analysis of the seasonal sand flux variation suggests an effective threshold for sand motion for application to large-scale model wind fields (1-100 km scale) of τs=0.01 ± 0.0015 Nm-2.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5096
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalNature Communications
Volume5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Sep 2014

Keywords

  • Inner Planets

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    Ayoub, F., Avouac, J. P., Newman, C. E., Richardson, M. I., Lucas, A., Leprince, S., & Bridges, N. T. (2014). Threshold for sand mobility on Mars calibrated from seasonal variations of sand flux. Nature Communications, 5, 1-8. [5096]. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms6096