Three-Dimensional Kinematics During the Take-Off Phase in Competitive Long Jumping

José Campos, Javier Gámez, Alberto Encarnación, Marcos Gutiérrez-Dávila, Javier Rojas, Eric Wallace

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


The purpose of the present study was to identify the relationships among selected kinematic variables that affect the take-off phase and performance in elite jumpers. The jump distance was found to be related to: i) the athlete’s approach speed before the instant of touch down; and ii) the exchange in spatial velocity components at take-off, which results in again in maximum vertical velocity of the centre of mass (CM), favoured by the use of an optimum touch-down angle of the take-off leg, an active landing of the foot at touch-down, and a motion of the take-off leg during the compression phase that helps to manage the loss of horizontal velocity. Nonetheless, the results show that an adequate velocity transformation requires an adaptive technical model to help jumpers to build an efficient individual technical pattern.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)395-406
JournalInternational Journal of Sports Science & Coaching
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2013


  • Centre of Mass
  • Kinematics
  • Long Jump
  • Take-off Phase


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