Thermal Protection and Fire Resistance of High-Pressure Hydrogen Storage

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The paper focuses on the main unresolved safety issue for hydrogen-powered vehicles, i.e. the fireresistance of onboard hydrogen storage. The experimental study supported by numerical analysis hasbeen undertaken in order to achieve fire resistance rating of high-pressure hydrogen tank beyondpotential car fire duration, i.e. of the order of 2 hours. The experimental programme comprised ofbonfire tests of carbon-fibre reinforced plastic tanks with polymer liner both bare and thermallyprotected, in line with Global Technical Regulation on Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Vehicles #13. Testedparameters included different levels of thermal protection, different bonfire heat release rates, tankswith and without prehistory of pressure cycling. It was experimentally demonstrated that the thermalprotection solution in form of epoxy-based intumescent paint is capable to increase fire resistancerating of carbon-fibre plastic tank from current 6-12 minutes to beyond 2 hours. This breakthroughachievement in fire resistance rating of on-board hydrogen storage has a potential to impact on safety design of tanks and to reduce range of hazards in case of accident scenario like a car fire, e.g. complete elimination of catastrophic tank rapture in a fire or longer release from a pressure relief device resulting in a shorter hydrogen jet fire. Smaller bonfire heat release rate was shown to increase fire resistance rating of the tested tank though still complying with the Global Technical Regulation #13. Tank pressure cycling did not have impact on the tank fire resistance rating.
LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationUnknown Host Publication
Number of pages8
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 23 Mar 2016
Event8th International Seminar on Fire & Explosion Hazards - Hefei, China
Duration: 23 Mar 2016 → …

Conference

Conference8th International Seminar on Fire & Explosion Hazards
Period23/03/16 → …

Fingerprint

Fire resistance
Hydrogen storage
Fires
Hydrogen
Tank cars
Carbon fiber reinforced plastics
Paint
Carbon fibers
Numerical analysis
Fuel cells
Hazards
Accidents
Railroad cars
Hot Temperature
Plastics
Polymers

Keywords

  • Hydrogen
  • high-pressure tank
  • bonfire
  • fire resistance
  • thermal protection
  • safety.

Cite this

@inproceedings{4471dee064dd4cc9be23ab6689d0838c,
title = "Thermal Protection and Fire Resistance of High-Pressure Hydrogen Storage",
abstract = "The paper focuses on the main unresolved safety issue for hydrogen-powered vehicles, i.e. the fireresistance of onboard hydrogen storage. The experimental study supported by numerical analysis hasbeen undertaken in order to achieve fire resistance rating of high-pressure hydrogen tank beyondpotential car fire duration, i.e. of the order of 2 hours. The experimental programme comprised ofbonfire tests of carbon-fibre reinforced plastic tanks with polymer liner both bare and thermallyprotected, in line with Global Technical Regulation on Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Vehicles #13. Testedparameters included different levels of thermal protection, different bonfire heat release rates, tankswith and without prehistory of pressure cycling. It was experimentally demonstrated that the thermalprotection solution in form of epoxy-based intumescent paint is capable to increase fire resistancerating of carbon-fibre plastic tank from current 6-12 minutes to beyond 2 hours. This breakthroughachievement in fire resistance rating of on-board hydrogen storage has a potential to impact on safety design of tanks and to reduce range of hazards in case of accident scenario like a car fire, e.g. complete elimination of catastrophic tank rapture in a fire or longer release from a pressure relief device resulting in a shorter hydrogen jet fire. Smaller bonfire heat release rate was shown to increase fire resistance rating of the tested tank though still complying with the Global Technical Regulation #13. Tank pressure cycling did not have impact on the tank fire resistance rating.",
keywords = "Hydrogen, high-pressure tank, bonfire, fire resistance, thermal protection, safety.",
author = "Dmitriy Makarov and Yangkyun Kim and Sergii Kashkarov and Vladimir Molkov",
year = "2016",
month = "3",
day = "23",
language = "English",
booktitle = "Unknown Host Publication",

}

Makarov, D, Kim, Y, Kashkarov, S & Molkov, V 2016, Thermal Protection and Fire Resistance of High-Pressure Hydrogen Storage. in Unknown Host Publication. 8th International Seminar on Fire & Explosion Hazards, 23/03/16.

Thermal Protection and Fire Resistance of High-Pressure Hydrogen Storage. / Makarov, Dmitriy; Kim, Yangkyun; Kashkarov, Sergii; Molkov, Vladimir.

Unknown Host Publication. 2016.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

TY - GEN

T1 - Thermal Protection and Fire Resistance of High-Pressure Hydrogen Storage

AU - Makarov, Dmitriy

AU - Kim, Yangkyun

AU - Kashkarov, Sergii

AU - Molkov, Vladimir

PY - 2016/3/23

Y1 - 2016/3/23

N2 - The paper focuses on the main unresolved safety issue for hydrogen-powered vehicles, i.e. the fireresistance of onboard hydrogen storage. The experimental study supported by numerical analysis hasbeen undertaken in order to achieve fire resistance rating of high-pressure hydrogen tank beyondpotential car fire duration, i.e. of the order of 2 hours. The experimental programme comprised ofbonfire tests of carbon-fibre reinforced plastic tanks with polymer liner both bare and thermallyprotected, in line with Global Technical Regulation on Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Vehicles #13. Testedparameters included different levels of thermal protection, different bonfire heat release rates, tankswith and without prehistory of pressure cycling. It was experimentally demonstrated that the thermalprotection solution in form of epoxy-based intumescent paint is capable to increase fire resistancerating of carbon-fibre plastic tank from current 6-12 minutes to beyond 2 hours. This breakthroughachievement in fire resistance rating of on-board hydrogen storage has a potential to impact on safety design of tanks and to reduce range of hazards in case of accident scenario like a car fire, e.g. complete elimination of catastrophic tank rapture in a fire or longer release from a pressure relief device resulting in a shorter hydrogen jet fire. Smaller bonfire heat release rate was shown to increase fire resistance rating of the tested tank though still complying with the Global Technical Regulation #13. Tank pressure cycling did not have impact on the tank fire resistance rating.

AB - The paper focuses on the main unresolved safety issue for hydrogen-powered vehicles, i.e. the fireresistance of onboard hydrogen storage. The experimental study supported by numerical analysis hasbeen undertaken in order to achieve fire resistance rating of high-pressure hydrogen tank beyondpotential car fire duration, i.e. of the order of 2 hours. The experimental programme comprised ofbonfire tests of carbon-fibre reinforced plastic tanks with polymer liner both bare and thermallyprotected, in line with Global Technical Regulation on Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Vehicles #13. Testedparameters included different levels of thermal protection, different bonfire heat release rates, tankswith and without prehistory of pressure cycling. It was experimentally demonstrated that the thermalprotection solution in form of epoxy-based intumescent paint is capable to increase fire resistancerating of carbon-fibre plastic tank from current 6-12 minutes to beyond 2 hours. This breakthroughachievement in fire resistance rating of on-board hydrogen storage has a potential to impact on safety design of tanks and to reduce range of hazards in case of accident scenario like a car fire, e.g. complete elimination of catastrophic tank rapture in a fire or longer release from a pressure relief device resulting in a shorter hydrogen jet fire. Smaller bonfire heat release rate was shown to increase fire resistance rating of the tested tank though still complying with the Global Technical Regulation #13. Tank pressure cycling did not have impact on the tank fire resistance rating.

KW - Hydrogen

KW - high-pressure tank

KW - bonfire

KW - fire resistance

KW - thermal protection

KW - safety.

M3 - Conference contribution

BT - Unknown Host Publication

ER -