Thermal inactivation of Yersinia enterocolitica in pork slaughter plant scald tank water

Declan J Bolton, Claire Ivory, D.A. McDowell

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    Abstract

    The objective of this study was to establish the time-temperature combinations required to ensure the thermal inactivation of Yersinia enterocolitica during scalding of pork carcasses. A 2 strain cocktail of Y. enterocolitica (bioserotypes 2/O:5,27 and 1A/O:6,30) was heat treated at 50, 55 and 60 °C in samples of scald tank water obtained from a commercial pork slaughter plant. Samples were removed at regular intervals and surviving cells enumerated using (i) Cefsulodin-Irgasan-Novobiocin Agar (CIN) supplemented with ampicillin and arabinose and (ii) Tryptone Soya Agar (TSA), overlaid with CIN agar with ampicillin and arabinose. The data generated was used to estimate D- and z-values and the formula Dx = log- 1(log D60 - ((t2 - t1)/z)) was applied to calculate thermal death time-temperature combinations from 55 to 65 °C. D50, D55 and D60-values of 45.9, 10.6 and 2.7 min were calculated from the cell counts obtained on CIN agar, respectively. The corresponding D-values calculated from the TSA/CIN counts were 45.1, 11 and 2.5 min, respectively. The z-value was 7.8. It was concluded that a time-temperature combination of 2.7 min at 60 °C is required to achieve a 1 log reduction in Y. enterocolitica in pork scald tank water. The predicted equivalent at 65 °C was 0.6 min. This study provides data and a model to enable pork processors to identify and apply parameters to limit the risk of carcass cross-contamination with Y. enterocolitica in pork carcass scald tanks
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)668-671
    JournalMeat Science
    Volume96
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2013

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