The thermal and calorimetric characterizations of polymethyl methacrylate-based polymers are reported in this paper. The modifying groups incorporated the phosphorus atom in various chemical environments, including oxidation states of III, or V. Both additive and reactive strategies were employed, where the loading of phosphorus was kept at 2 wt% in all cases. The plaques, obtained through the bulk polymerization route, were subjected to a variety of spectroscopic, thermal and combustion techniques. The results showed that the different modifying groups exerted varying nature, degrees and modes of combustion behaviors, which also included in some cases an additive, and even an antagonistic effect. In the case of covalently-bound phosphonate groups, early cracking of the pendent ester moieties was shown to produce phosphoric acid species, which in turn can act in the condensed phase. For the additives, such as phosphine and phosphine oxide, limited vapor-phase inhibition can be assumed to be operative.
Bibliographical noteThis research received no external funding.
© 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
- Polymethyl methacrylate
- phosphorus-containing groups
- additive and reactive routes
- thermal degradation
- calorimetric evaluations
- polymethyl methacrylate