Thermal and Calorimetric Evaluations of Some Chemically Modified Carbohydrate-Based Substrates With Phosphorus-Containing Groups.

Ananya Thomas, Paul Joseph, Khalid Abu Mohammad Moinuddin, Haijin Zhu, Svetlana Tretsiakova-McNally

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1 Citation (Scopus)


In the present article, we report on the chemical modifications of some carbohydrate-based substrates, such as potato starch, dextran, β-cyclodextrin, agar agar and tamarind, by reacting with diethylchlorophosphate (DECP), in dispersions in dichloromethane (DCM), in the presence of triethylamine (TEA) as the base. The modified substrates, after recovery and purification, were analyzed for their chemical constitutions, thermal stabilities and calorimetric properties using a variety of analytical techniques. These included: solid-state 31P NMR, inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and pyrolysis combustion flow calorimetry (PCFC). The unmodified counterparts were also subjected to the same set of analyses with a view to serving as controls. Phosphorus analyses, primarily through ICP-OES on the recovered samples, showed different degrees of incorporation. Such observations were optionally verified through solid-state 31P NMR spectroscopy. The thermograms of the modified substrates were noticeably different from the unmodified counterparts, both in terms of the general profiles and the amounts of char residues produced. Such observations correlated well with the relevant parameters obtained through PCFC runs. Overall, the modified systems containing phosphorus were found to be less combustible than the parent substrates, and thus can be considered as promising matrices for environmentally benign fire-resistant coatings.

Original languageEnglish
Article number588
Number of pages14
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 5 Mar 2020



  • Carbohydrate substrates
  • Chemical modification
  • Fire-resistant coatings
  • Phosphorus analysis
  • Pyrolysis combustion flow calorimetry
  • Thermogravimetric analysis

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