The Use of Conjunctival Swab for the Proteomic Characterisation of Dry Eye Syndrome

JE Graham, RLJ Graham, Raymond Beirne, Victoria McGilligan, Stephen Downes, Johnny Moore, Tara Moore, Geoffrey McMullan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In this study we report the first gel based proteomic analysis of an inflammed dry eye utilising a clinically-based non-invasive methodology for collection of a specimen from the posterior lid and inferior conjunctival mucosa of the subject. This multidimensional technique allowed the identification of 592 proteins, having a MOWSE score of greater than 40, using the heuristic tool PROVALT. Automated curation of this list using an inbuilt randomised database searching tool with false discovery rate set at 1% significantly reduced this list to 86 proteins. Additional manual curation resulted in the final positive identification of 75 proteins. These identified proteins were functionally classified and physiochemically characterised. This led to the identification of a number of proteins involved in cell structure, inflammation, and the innate immune response. Contained within these proteins were a number of potential biomarkers of not only dry eye syndrome but also lacrimal gland acinar cell function such as lacritin, calgranulin A and lacrimal proline-rich protein 4.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20-33
JournalJournal of Proteomics and Bioinformatics
Volume1
Publication statusPublished - 22 Apr 2008

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proteomics
proteins
lacrimal apparatus
acinar cells
lids
cell structures
dry eye syndrome
mucosa
proline
biomarkers
inflammation
eyes
gels
methodology

Cite this

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abstract = "In this study we report the first gel based proteomic analysis of an inflammed dry eye utilising a clinically-based non-invasive methodology for collection of a specimen from the posterior lid and inferior conjunctival mucosa of the subject. This multidimensional technique allowed the identification of 592 proteins, having a MOWSE score of greater than 40, using the heuristic tool PROVALT. Automated curation of this list using an inbuilt randomised database searching tool with false discovery rate set at 1{\%} significantly reduced this list to 86 proteins. Additional manual curation resulted in the final positive identification of 75 proteins. These identified proteins were functionally classified and physiochemically characterised. This led to the identification of a number of proteins involved in cell structure, inflammation, and the innate immune response. Contained within these proteins were a number of potential biomarkers of not only dry eye syndrome but also lacrimal gland acinar cell function such as lacritin, calgranulin A and lacrimal proline-rich protein 4.",
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The Use of Conjunctival Swab for the Proteomic Characterisation of Dry Eye Syndrome. / Graham, JE; Graham, RLJ; Beirne, Raymond; McGilligan, Victoria; Downes, Stephen; Moore, Johnny; Moore, Tara; McMullan, Geoffrey.

In: Journal of Proteomics and Bioinformatics, Vol. 1, 22.04.2008, p. 20-33.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Moore, Tara

AU - McMullan, Geoffrey

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