The subglacial imprint of the last Newfoundland Ice Sheet, Canada.

Maureen McHenry, Paul Dunlop

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The former Newfoundland Ice Sheet was situated on the fringes of the northeast Atlantic Ocean during the Wisconsinan glaciation (∼80–10 ka BP). Its geographic position indicates that it was likely to have been influenced by a number of external and internal forcing mechanisms including configuration changes in the Laurentide Ice Sheet with which it converged during the last glacial maximum, ice streams, changes in oceanic circulation and fluctuating sea levels. This makes Newfoundland a key location for investigating the dynamic response of ice sheets to these types of internal and external drivers. An established methodology for investigating ice sheet dynamics is to use the landform record to reconstruct the dynamic behaviour and configuration of the ice sheet. This provides a relative chronology of former ice sheet events during glacial cycles. A fundamental requirement of this approach is a detailed glacial geomorphology map that records the spatial distribution of individual subglacial bedforms across the former ice sheet bed. This paper presents a new subglacial bedform map of the Island of Newfoundland. It was produced as part of a mapping programme which used 10 m resolution Satellite Pour l'Observation de la Terre satellite imagery, Shuttle Radar Topography Mission and Canadian Digital Elevation Data. The map records the spatial distribution of ∼126,000 individually mapped glacial lineations and ribbed moraines and extends the number and spatial extent of each landform across the island. It is a new data set which has the potential to provide important insights into former ice sheet behaviour in this region.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-22
JournalJournal of Maps
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 May 2015

Keywords

  • subglacial bedforms
  • glacial lineation
  • ribbed moraine
  • Newfoundland Ice Sheet
  • remote sensing
  • palaeoglaciology

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