The Social Element of Sustainable Civil Engineering Public Procurement in Northern Ireland

Robert Eadie, Clare Mahon, Ken Anderson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Sustainable development was first introduced by Dyllick & Hockerts (2002), their vision defined sustainable development as a share of the key components. There is evidence to show that sustainable development is proposed and concluded without complete regard to the social element. Therefore this research demonstrates current misconceptions in the corporate social responsibility clauses in Northern Ireland's public sector procurement. The research comes in two components initially a literature review of procurement social policy for Northern Ireland. Secondly, a questionnaire study reports on the views of public sector procurement personnel. The findings show that although the European Union wish to create a collaborative network of social solutions and best practice, the current practice in Northern Ireland's public procurement is an assortment of standards that may not be best suited to achieving the social component of sustainable development.
LanguageEnglish
Pages36-43
JournalInternational Journal of Business and Social Science
Volume2
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 22 Jul 2011

Fingerprint

sustainable development
engineering
public sector
assortment
social responsibility
best practice
personnel
questionnaire
evidence

Keywords

  • Corporate strategy
  • Social impact
  • Construction
  • Procurement Law
  • Public Administration.

Cite this

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title = "The Social Element of Sustainable Civil Engineering Public Procurement in Northern Ireland",
abstract = "Sustainable development was first introduced by Dyllick & Hockerts (2002), their vision defined sustainable development as a share of the key components. There is evidence to show that sustainable development is proposed and concluded without complete regard to the social element. Therefore this research demonstrates current misconceptions in the corporate social responsibility clauses in Northern Ireland's public sector procurement. The research comes in two components initially a literature review of procurement social policy for Northern Ireland. Secondly, a questionnaire study reports on the views of public sector procurement personnel. The findings show that although the European Union wish to create a collaborative network of social solutions and best practice, the current practice in Northern Ireland's public procurement is an assortment of standards that may not be best suited to achieving the social component of sustainable development.",
keywords = "Corporate strategy, Social impact, Construction, Procurement Law, Public Administration.",
author = "Robert Eadie and Clare Mahon and Ken Anderson",
note = "Reference text: Anon (2010). Business as usual: How to survive an economic downturn. Strategic Direction. 26 (6). pp. 11-14. Bartle, I. & Vass, P. (2007). Independent economic regulation: A reassessment of its role in sustainable development. Utilities Policy. 15 (4). pp. 261-269. Bartlett, J. E., Kotrlik, J.W. & Higgins, C.C. (2001). Organisational Research: Determining Appropriate Sample Size in Survey Research. Information Technology, Learning, and Performance Journal. 19(1). pp. 43-50. Commission of the European Communities (2006). Emm. G. Lianakis AE and Others V Dimos Alexandroupolis and Others, Europe. [Online]. Available: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:62006J0532:EN:NOT (9 May 2011) Committee for Finance and Personnel (2010). Report on the Inquiry into Public Procurement in Northern Ireland. NI Assembly. [Online]. Available: http://www.niassembly.gov.uk/finance/2007mandate/reports/Report_19_08_09R.htm (9 May 2011) Counsell, D. & Haughton, G. (2006). Sustainable development in regional planning: The search for new tools and renewed legitimacy. Geoforum. 37(6). pp. 921-931. DEL (2010), 25th November 2010-last update, Department for Education and Learning :Senior Management Team Meeting [Homepage of DELNI], [Online]. Available: http://www.delni.gov.uk/minutes-of-november-2010-smt.pdf (9 May 2011). DELNI (2011). Steps to Work Operational Guidelines Memo 8/11, [Online]. Available: http://www.delni.gov.uk/stw-operational-memo-8-11-social-cause.pdf (9 May 2011) Doane, D. (2005). Beyond corporate social responsibility: minnows, mammoths and markets. Elsevier Features. 37. pp. 215-229. Dyllick, T. & Hockerts, K. (2002). Beyond the Business Case for corporate sustainability. Business Strategy and the Environment. 11(2). pp. 130-141. EC (2011a). European Commission, Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion : Call for Proposals [Homepage of European Union], [Online]. Available: http://ec.europa.eu/social/main.jsp?catId=629&langId=en (9 May 2011) EC (2011b).European Commission, Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion : Call for Tenders [Homepage of European Union], [Online]. Available: http://ec.europa.eu/social/main.jsp?catId=624&langId=en (9 May 2011) EC (2011c) European Commission, Social Affairs and Inclusion: Progress Programme [Homepage of European Union], [Online]. Available: http://ec.europa.eu/social/main.jsp?langId=en&catId=327 (9 May 2011) Equality Commission for Northern Ireland (2008) Equality of Opportunity and Sustainable Development in Public Sector Procurement, [Online]. Available: http://www.equalityni.org/archive/pdf/ECNIPublicSector0508.pdf (9 May 2011) European Court for Justice (1988). Gebroeders Beentjes BV v Netherlands. Europe. European Union. [Online]. Available: http://www.docstoc.com/docs/26500692/EU-Case-3187 (9 May 2011) European Union (2004a). 2004/17/EC, Directive, European Union, Europe. [Online]. Available: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2004:134:0001:0113:en:PDF (9 May 2011) European Union (2004b). 2004/18/EC, Directive, European Union, Europe. [Online]. Available: http://www.dkom.si/util/bin.php?id=2004121408020465 (9 May 2011) European Union (2007). EUROPA - Treaty of Lisbon - Taking Europe into the 21st century. [Online]. Available: http://europa.eu/lisbon_treaty/take/index_en.htm (9 May 2011) European Union (2008). Proposed Elements for taking account of the Social Considerations in Public Procurement. [Online]. Available: http://ec.europa.eu/social/BlobServlet?docId=1475&langId=en (9 May 2011) Fincham, J. (2008). Response Rates and Responsiveness for Surveys, Standards, and the Journal. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education. 72(2). pp. Article 43. Golusin, M., Ivanovic, O.M. & Teodorovic, N. (2011). The review of the achieved degree of sustainable development in South Eastern Europe—The use of linear regression method. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 15(1). pp. 766-772. Haughton G. (1999). Environmental justice and the sustainable city. Journal of Planning Education and Research. 18. pp. 233–243. Hawkins, J. & Wells, J. (2007). Proceedings of Institution of Civil Engineers Management, Procurement and Law: How infrastructure procurement can enhance social development. ICE. Institution of Civil Engineers. 160. pp. 33-38. Hughes, C. (2009). 2009-last update, European Union Memo 09/109 [Homepage of European Union], [Online]. Available: http://ec.europa.eu/social/BlobServlet?docId=2067&langId=en (9 May 2011) International Standards Organisation (2010). ISO 26000 – Social responsibility. [Online]. Available: http://www.iso.org/iso/iso_catalogue/management_and_leadership_standards/social_responsibility/sr_iso26000_overview.htm#sr-2 (9 May 2011) Lee, S.Y & Rhee, S. (2007). The change in corporate environmental strategies a longitudinal empirical study. Management Decision. 45(2). pp. 196-216. Meehan, J. & Bryde, D. (2011). Sustainable Procurement Practice. Business Strategy and the Environment. 20(2). pp. 94. Moreno, L. (2010). Welfare mix, CSR and social citizenship. International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy. 30(11/12). pp. 683-696. Northern Ireland Audit Office (2009). Review of New Deal 25+. The Stationary Office, Belfast. NIBSP (2009). Northern Ireland Building Sustainable Prosperity 19th Jan-last update, Northern Ireland Building Sustainable Prosperity: Annual Implementation Report [Homepage of DFPNI], [Online]. Available: http://www.dfpni.gov.uk/bsp_annual_implementation_report_2001-2.pdf (9 May 2011) OGC (2011) DFE&S - Office of Government Commerce & Department for Education & Skills 2011, Approaches to Support Workforce Skills through Public Procurement – The Policy and Legal Framework. [Online]. Available: http://www.ogc.gov.uk/documents/DFESWorkforceSkillsThroughProcurement.pdf (9 May 2011) OGC (2009). Office of Government Commerce: Promoting Skills Through Public Procurement, OGC, London. OGC (2009b). Office of Government Commerce: Requirement to distinguish between {"}selection{"} and {"}award{"} stages of a public procurement, and to give suppliers complete information about the criteria used in both stages. Office of Government Commerce. [Online]. Available: www.ogc.gov.uk/documents/PPN0409.pdf (9 May 2011) OGC (2009c). Office of Government Commerce: Social Issues in Procurement. (1st edn). [Online]. Available: http://www.ogc.gov.uk/sustainability_social_issues_in_purchasing.asp (9 May 2011) OGC (2005a). Office of Government Commerce, Achieving Excellence 11 - Sustainability. [Online]. Available: http://www.ogc.gov.uk/ppm_documents_construction.asp (9 May 2011) OGC (2005b). Office of Government Commerce, Managing Public Sector Procurement: Good Procurement is Essential. [Online]. Available: http://www.ogc.gov.uk/documents/CP0094.pdf (9 May 2011) OGC (2003). Office of Government Commerce - Achieving Excellence in Construction. [Online]. Available: http://www.ogc.gov.uk/ppm_documents_construction.asp (9 May 2011) Porter, M.E. & Kaplan, M.R. (2006). Strategy & Society – The Link Between Competitive Advantage and Corporate Social Responsibility. Harvard Business Review. 84(12). pp. 78-92. Sikka, P. (2010). Smoke and mirrors: Corporate social responsibility and tax avoidance. Accounting Forum. 34. pp. 153-168. SIB (2010). Strategic Investment Board: Interim Chief Executive‘s Report – June 2010, SIBNI, [Online]. Available: http://www.sibni.org/interim_chief_executive_s_report_-_june.pdf (9 May 2011) SIB (2011). Strategic Investment Board, Welcome to the Strategic Investment Board Site. [Online]. Available: http://www.sibni.org/ (9 May 2011) Strong, W.A. & Hemphill, L. (2006). Sustainable Development Policy: Directory, (1st edn). Blackwell Publishing Ltd. Oxford. Tajani, A. (2010). Speech of Vice-President Tajani to the Leaders‘ Summit of the United Nations Global Compact. New York. 23 June 2010. [Online].Available: http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.do?reference=SPEECH/10/331&format=HTML&aged=0&language=EN&guiLanguage=en (9 May 2011) Translink (2009). Sustainability Action Plan – Construction Contracts. Divisional Management Procedure. pg.15. The Planning Service (2010). 1/6/2010-last update, Planning Policy Statement 21 - PPS21 [Homepage of Department of the Environment], [Online]. Available: http://www.planningni.gov.uk/index/policy/policy_publications/planning_statements/common-policypps21.htm (9 May 2011) White, L. & Lee, G.J. (2009). Operational research and sustainable development: Tackling the social dimension. European Journal of Operational Research. 193(3). pp. 683-692.",
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The Social Element of Sustainable Civil Engineering Public Procurement in Northern Ireland. / Eadie, Robert; Mahon, Clare; Anderson, Ken.

In: International Journal of Business and Social Science, Vol. 2, No. 12, 22.07.2011, p. 36-43.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - The Social Element of Sustainable Civil Engineering Public Procurement in Northern Ireland

AU - Eadie, Robert

AU - Mahon, Clare

AU - Anderson, Ken

N1 - Reference text: Anon (2010). Business as usual: How to survive an economic downturn. Strategic Direction. 26 (6). pp. 11-14. Bartle, I. & Vass, P. (2007). Independent economic regulation: A reassessment of its role in sustainable development. Utilities Policy. 15 (4). pp. 261-269. Bartlett, J. E., Kotrlik, J.W. & Higgins, C.C. (2001). Organisational Research: Determining Appropriate Sample Size in Survey Research. Information Technology, Learning, and Performance Journal. 19(1). pp. 43-50. Commission of the European Communities (2006). Emm. G. Lianakis AE and Others V Dimos Alexandroupolis and Others, Europe. [Online]. Available: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:62006J0532:EN:NOT (9 May 2011) Committee for Finance and Personnel (2010). Report on the Inquiry into Public Procurement in Northern Ireland. NI Assembly. [Online]. Available: http://www.niassembly.gov.uk/finance/2007mandate/reports/Report_19_08_09R.htm (9 May 2011) Counsell, D. & Haughton, G. (2006). Sustainable development in regional planning: The search for new tools and renewed legitimacy. Geoforum. 37(6). pp. 921-931. DEL (2010), 25th November 2010-last update, Department for Education and Learning :Senior Management Team Meeting [Homepage of DELNI], [Online]. Available: http://www.delni.gov.uk/minutes-of-november-2010-smt.pdf (9 May 2011). DELNI (2011). Steps to Work Operational Guidelines Memo 8/11, [Online]. Available: http://www.delni.gov.uk/stw-operational-memo-8-11-social-cause.pdf (9 May 2011) Doane, D. (2005). Beyond corporate social responsibility: minnows, mammoths and markets. Elsevier Features. 37. pp. 215-229. Dyllick, T. & Hockerts, K. (2002). Beyond the Business Case for corporate sustainability. Business Strategy and the Environment. 11(2). pp. 130-141. EC (2011a). European Commission, Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion : Call for Proposals [Homepage of European Union], [Online]. Available: http://ec.europa.eu/social/main.jsp?catId=629&langId=en (9 May 2011) EC (2011b).European Commission, Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion : Call for Tenders [Homepage of European Union], [Online]. Available: http://ec.europa.eu/social/main.jsp?catId=624&langId=en (9 May 2011) EC (2011c) European Commission, Social Affairs and Inclusion: Progress Programme [Homepage of European Union], [Online]. Available: http://ec.europa.eu/social/main.jsp?langId=en&catId=327 (9 May 2011) Equality Commission for Northern Ireland (2008) Equality of Opportunity and Sustainable Development in Public Sector Procurement, [Online]. Available: http://www.equalityni.org/archive/pdf/ECNIPublicSector0508.pdf (9 May 2011) European Court for Justice (1988). Gebroeders Beentjes BV v Netherlands. Europe. European Union. [Online]. Available: http://www.docstoc.com/docs/26500692/EU-Case-3187 (9 May 2011) European Union (2004a). 2004/17/EC, Directive, European Union, Europe. [Online]. Available: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2004:134:0001:0113:en:PDF (9 May 2011) European Union (2004b). 2004/18/EC, Directive, European Union, Europe. [Online]. Available: http://www.dkom.si/util/bin.php?id=2004121408020465 (9 May 2011) European Union (2007). EUROPA - Treaty of Lisbon - Taking Europe into the 21st century. [Online]. Available: http://europa.eu/lisbon_treaty/take/index_en.htm (9 May 2011) European Union (2008). Proposed Elements for taking account of the Social Considerations in Public Procurement. [Online]. Available: http://ec.europa.eu/social/BlobServlet?docId=1475&langId=en (9 May 2011) Fincham, J. (2008). Response Rates and Responsiveness for Surveys, Standards, and the Journal. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education. 72(2). pp. Article 43. Golusin, M., Ivanovic, O.M. & Teodorovic, N. (2011). The review of the achieved degree of sustainable development in South Eastern Europe—The use of linear regression method. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 15(1). pp. 766-772. Haughton G. (1999). Environmental justice and the sustainable city. Journal of Planning Education and Research. 18. pp. 233–243. Hawkins, J. & Wells, J. (2007). Proceedings of Institution of Civil Engineers Management, Procurement and Law: How infrastructure procurement can enhance social development. ICE. Institution of Civil Engineers. 160. pp. 33-38. Hughes, C. (2009). 2009-last update, European Union Memo 09/109 [Homepage of European Union], [Online]. Available: http://ec.europa.eu/social/BlobServlet?docId=2067&langId=en (9 May 2011) International Standards Organisation (2010). ISO 26000 – Social responsibility. [Online]. Available: http://www.iso.org/iso/iso_catalogue/management_and_leadership_standards/social_responsibility/sr_iso26000_overview.htm#sr-2 (9 May 2011) Lee, S.Y & Rhee, S. (2007). The change in corporate environmental strategies a longitudinal empirical study. Management Decision. 45(2). pp. 196-216. Meehan, J. & Bryde, D. (2011). Sustainable Procurement Practice. Business Strategy and the Environment. 20(2). pp. 94. Moreno, L. (2010). Welfare mix, CSR and social citizenship. International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy. 30(11/12). pp. 683-696. Northern Ireland Audit Office (2009). Review of New Deal 25+. The Stationary Office, Belfast. NIBSP (2009). Northern Ireland Building Sustainable Prosperity 19th Jan-last update, Northern Ireland Building Sustainable Prosperity: Annual Implementation Report [Homepage of DFPNI], [Online]. Available: http://www.dfpni.gov.uk/bsp_annual_implementation_report_2001-2.pdf (9 May 2011) OGC (2011) DFE&S - Office of Government Commerce & Department for Education & Skills 2011, Approaches to Support Workforce Skills through Public Procurement – The Policy and Legal Framework. [Online]. Available: http://www.ogc.gov.uk/documents/DFESWorkforceSkillsThroughProcurement.pdf (9 May 2011) OGC (2009). Office of Government Commerce: Promoting Skills Through Public Procurement, OGC, London. OGC (2009b). Office of Government Commerce: Requirement to distinguish between "selection" and "award" stages of a public procurement, and to give suppliers complete information about the criteria used in both stages. Office of Government Commerce. [Online]. Available: www.ogc.gov.uk/documents/PPN0409.pdf (9 May 2011) OGC (2009c). Office of Government Commerce: Social Issues in Procurement. (1st edn). [Online]. Available: http://www.ogc.gov.uk/sustainability_social_issues_in_purchasing.asp (9 May 2011) OGC (2005a). Office of Government Commerce, Achieving Excellence 11 - Sustainability. [Online]. Available: http://www.ogc.gov.uk/ppm_documents_construction.asp (9 May 2011) OGC (2005b). Office of Government Commerce, Managing Public Sector Procurement: Good Procurement is Essential. [Online]. Available: http://www.ogc.gov.uk/documents/CP0094.pdf (9 May 2011) OGC (2003). Office of Government Commerce - Achieving Excellence in Construction. [Online]. Available: http://www.ogc.gov.uk/ppm_documents_construction.asp (9 May 2011) Porter, M.E. & Kaplan, M.R. (2006). Strategy & Society – The Link Between Competitive Advantage and Corporate Social Responsibility. Harvard Business Review. 84(12). pp. 78-92. Sikka, P. (2010). Smoke and mirrors: Corporate social responsibility and tax avoidance. Accounting Forum. 34. pp. 153-168. SIB (2010). Strategic Investment Board: Interim Chief Executive‘s Report – June 2010, SIBNI, [Online]. Available: http://www.sibni.org/interim_chief_executive_s_report_-_june.pdf (9 May 2011) SIB (2011). Strategic Investment Board, Welcome to the Strategic Investment Board Site. [Online]. Available: http://www.sibni.org/ (9 May 2011) Strong, W.A. & Hemphill, L. (2006). Sustainable Development Policy: Directory, (1st edn). Blackwell Publishing Ltd. Oxford. Tajani, A. (2010). Speech of Vice-President Tajani to the Leaders‘ Summit of the United Nations Global Compact. New York. 23 June 2010. [Online].Available: http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.do?reference=SPEECH/10/331&format=HTML&aged=0&language=EN&guiLanguage=en (9 May 2011) Translink (2009). Sustainability Action Plan – Construction Contracts. Divisional Management Procedure. pg.15. The Planning Service (2010). 1/6/2010-last update, Planning Policy Statement 21 - PPS21 [Homepage of Department of the Environment], [Online]. Available: http://www.planningni.gov.uk/index/policy/policy_publications/planning_statements/common-policypps21.htm (9 May 2011) White, L. & Lee, G.J. (2009). Operational research and sustainable development: Tackling the social dimension. European Journal of Operational Research. 193(3). pp. 683-692.

PY - 2011/7/22

Y1 - 2011/7/22

N2 - Sustainable development was first introduced by Dyllick & Hockerts (2002), their vision defined sustainable development as a share of the key components. There is evidence to show that sustainable development is proposed and concluded without complete regard to the social element. Therefore this research demonstrates current misconceptions in the corporate social responsibility clauses in Northern Ireland's public sector procurement. The research comes in two components initially a literature review of procurement social policy for Northern Ireland. Secondly, a questionnaire study reports on the views of public sector procurement personnel. The findings show that although the European Union wish to create a collaborative network of social solutions and best practice, the current practice in Northern Ireland's public procurement is an assortment of standards that may not be best suited to achieving the social component of sustainable development.

AB - Sustainable development was first introduced by Dyllick & Hockerts (2002), their vision defined sustainable development as a share of the key components. There is evidence to show that sustainable development is proposed and concluded without complete regard to the social element. Therefore this research demonstrates current misconceptions in the corporate social responsibility clauses in Northern Ireland's public sector procurement. The research comes in two components initially a literature review of procurement social policy for Northern Ireland. Secondly, a questionnaire study reports on the views of public sector procurement personnel. The findings show that although the European Union wish to create a collaborative network of social solutions and best practice, the current practice in Northern Ireland's public procurement is an assortment of standards that may not be best suited to achieving the social component of sustainable development.

KW - Corporate strategy

KW - Social impact

KW - Construction

KW - Procurement Law

KW - Public Administration.

M3 - Article

VL - 2

SP - 36

EP - 43

JO - International Journal of Business and Social Science

T2 - International Journal of Business and Social Science

JF - International Journal of Business and Social Science

SN - 2219-1933

IS - 12

ER -