The Rural Economy, 1780–1914

Liam Kennedy, P Solar

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

    Abstract

    The really distinctive feature of the Ulster rural economy from the 1ater 17th to the 19th century was the interpenetration of rural industry and agriculture. The twin economic bases of commercial linen and food production helped cushion northern households against the inevitable fluctuations in prices and incomes associated with the developing market economy. Even the massive famines of the 1740s and the 1840s had a lesser impact in Ulster. By the eve of the Great War, the complex social structure of rural Ulster circa 1800 – composed of landlords, middlemen, tenant farmers of varying size and wealth, farmer-weavers, cottier-weavers and labourers – had given rise to a very different social formation. In effect, a process of ‘agriculturalisation’ had simplified the rural economy to yield an economic base geared almost exclusively to food production and a social structure composed of farmers and farm labourers. Industry was now located in the major towns in the east of the region, centring on the Lagan Valley. The twin processes of industrialization and urbanisation, the increasing role of international trade in food markets, and agrarian reforms introduced by successive governments were largely responsible for this outcome. L.kennedy@ulster.ac.uk; psolar@vub.ac.be
    LanguageEnglish
    Title of host publicationUlster since 1600: Politics, Economy & Society
    Place of PublicationOxford
    Pages160-176
    Publication statusPublished - 22 Nov 2012

    Fingerprint

    Rural Economy
    Ulster
    Farmers
    Laborers
    Weaver
    Economics
    Social Structure
    Food Production
    Industry
    Farm
    Agriculture
    Distinctive Features
    World War I
    Wealth
    International Trade
    Landlords
    Food
    Market Economy
    1740s
    Government

    Cite this

    Kennedy, L., & Solar, P. (2012). The Rural Economy, 1780–1914. In Ulster since 1600: Politics, Economy & Society (pp. 160-176). Oxford.
    Kennedy, Liam ; Solar, P. / The Rural Economy, 1780–1914. Ulster since 1600: Politics, Economy & Society. Oxford, 2012. pp. 160-176
    @inbook{65dd843a243c489197d90a25a9bfba8c,
    title = "The Rural Economy, 1780–1914",
    abstract = "The really distinctive feature of the Ulster rural economy from the 1ater 17th to the 19th century was the interpenetration of rural industry and agriculture. The twin economic bases of commercial linen and food production helped cushion northern households against the inevitable fluctuations in prices and incomes associated with the developing market economy. Even the massive famines of the 1740s and the 1840s had a lesser impact in Ulster. By the eve of the Great War, the complex social structure of rural Ulster circa 1800 – composed of landlords, middlemen, tenant farmers of varying size and wealth, farmer-weavers, cottier-weavers and labourers – had given rise to a very different social formation. In effect, a process of ‘agriculturalisation’ had simplified the rural economy to yield an economic base geared almost exclusively to food production and a social structure composed of farmers and farm labourers. Industry was now located in the major towns in the east of the region, centring on the Lagan Valley. The twin processes of industrialization and urbanisation, the increasing role of international trade in food markets, and agrarian reforms introduced by successive governments were largely responsible for this outcome. L.kennedy@ulster.ac.uk; psolar@vub.ac.be",
    author = "Liam Kennedy and P Solar",
    year = "2012",
    month = "11",
    day = "22",
    language = "English",
    isbn = "978–0–19–958311–9",
    pages = "160--176",
    booktitle = "Ulster since 1600: Politics, Economy & Society",

    }

    Kennedy, L & Solar, P 2012, The Rural Economy, 1780–1914. in Ulster since 1600: Politics, Economy & Society. Oxford, pp. 160-176.

    The Rural Economy, 1780–1914. / Kennedy, Liam; Solar, P.

    Ulster since 1600: Politics, Economy & Society. Oxford, 2012. p. 160-176.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

    TY - CHAP

    T1 - The Rural Economy, 1780–1914

    AU - Kennedy, Liam

    AU - Solar, P

    PY - 2012/11/22

    Y1 - 2012/11/22

    N2 - The really distinctive feature of the Ulster rural economy from the 1ater 17th to the 19th century was the interpenetration of rural industry and agriculture. The twin economic bases of commercial linen and food production helped cushion northern households against the inevitable fluctuations in prices and incomes associated with the developing market economy. Even the massive famines of the 1740s and the 1840s had a lesser impact in Ulster. By the eve of the Great War, the complex social structure of rural Ulster circa 1800 – composed of landlords, middlemen, tenant farmers of varying size and wealth, farmer-weavers, cottier-weavers and labourers – had given rise to a very different social formation. In effect, a process of ‘agriculturalisation’ had simplified the rural economy to yield an economic base geared almost exclusively to food production and a social structure composed of farmers and farm labourers. Industry was now located in the major towns in the east of the region, centring on the Lagan Valley. The twin processes of industrialization and urbanisation, the increasing role of international trade in food markets, and agrarian reforms introduced by successive governments were largely responsible for this outcome. L.kennedy@ulster.ac.uk; psolar@vub.ac.be

    AB - The really distinctive feature of the Ulster rural economy from the 1ater 17th to the 19th century was the interpenetration of rural industry and agriculture. The twin economic bases of commercial linen and food production helped cushion northern households against the inevitable fluctuations in prices and incomes associated with the developing market economy. Even the massive famines of the 1740s and the 1840s had a lesser impact in Ulster. By the eve of the Great War, the complex social structure of rural Ulster circa 1800 – composed of landlords, middlemen, tenant farmers of varying size and wealth, farmer-weavers, cottier-weavers and labourers – had given rise to a very different social formation. In effect, a process of ‘agriculturalisation’ had simplified the rural economy to yield an economic base geared almost exclusively to food production and a social structure composed of farmers and farm labourers. Industry was now located in the major towns in the east of the region, centring on the Lagan Valley. The twin processes of industrialization and urbanisation, the increasing role of international trade in food markets, and agrarian reforms introduced by successive governments were largely responsible for this outcome. L.kennedy@ulster.ac.uk; psolar@vub.ac.be

    M3 - Chapter

    SN - 978–0–19–958311–9

    SP - 160

    EP - 176

    BT - Ulster since 1600: Politics, Economy & Society

    CY - Oxford

    ER -

    Kennedy L, Solar P. The Rural Economy, 1780–1914. In Ulster since 1600: Politics, Economy & Society. Oxford. 2012. p. 160-176