The role of reflection in the development of practice theory: a case study

H McKenna

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Many authors view practice theory as the strongest form for an applied discipline like nursing. It is based upon the idea that theory emanates from practice, is strengthened and is returned to inform practice. The first part of this paper is concerned with identifying the contribution that practice theory can make to patient care. While there are many positivistic ways of generating practice theory, one method which is getting increasing attention is reflection. In this paper, Boud et al.'s framework for reflection is used to identify phenomena related to the empowerment of patients and staff in psychiatric hospitals (Boud et al. 1985). A real life case study is described and concepts and beginning propositions are uncovered. Conclusions are drawn which form the basis for theory development and testing.
LanguageEnglish
Pages147-151
JournalJournal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
Volume6
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1999

Fingerprint

Practice theory
Staff
Nursing
Empowerment
Theory testing
Patient care
Theory development

Keywords

  • empowerment
  • long-stay care
  • powerlessness
  • practice theory
  • reflection
  • theory development

Cite this

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title = "The role of reflection in the development of practice theory: a case study",
abstract = "Many authors view practice theory as the strongest form for an applied discipline like nursing. It is based upon the idea that theory emanates from practice, is strengthened and is returned to inform practice. The first part of this paper is concerned with identifying the contribution that practice theory can make to patient care. While there are many positivistic ways of generating practice theory, one method which is getting increasing attention is reflection. In this paper, Boud et al.'s framework for reflection is used to identify phenomena related to the empowerment of patients and staff in psychiatric hospitals (Boud et al. 1985). A real life case study is described and concepts and beginning propositions are uncovered. Conclusions are drawn which form the basis for theory development and testing.",
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author = "H McKenna",
note = "Reference text: Boud D., Keogh R. & Walker D. (1985) Reflection: Turning Experience into Learning. Kogan Page, London . Brent K. (1993) Perspective on critical and feminist theory in development nursing praxis. Journal of Professional Nursing 9, 296–303. Chinn P. & Kramer M.K. (1995) Theory and Nursing: A Systematic Approach, 4th edn. Mosby, St Louis . Dickoff J. & James P. (1968) A theory of theories: a position paper. Nursing Research 17, 197–203. Diers D. (1979) Research in Nursing Practice. J.B. Lippincott Co., Philadelphia . Emden C. (1991) Ways of knowing in nursing. In: Towards a Discipline of Nursing (eds GrayG. & PrattR.), pp. 11–30. Churchill Livingstone, Edinburgh . Glaser B. & Strauss A. (1967) The Discovery of Grounded Theory. Aldine Publishing, Chicago . Gray J. & Forsstrom S. (1992) Generating theory from practice: the reflective technique. In: Towards a Discipline of Nursing (eds GrayG. & Pratt R.), pp. 68–91. Churchill Livingstone, Edinburgh . Habermas J. (1971) Knowledge and Human Interests. Beacon Press, Boston . Jacox A.K. (1974) Theory construction in nursing: an overview. Nursing Research 23, 4–13. Kemmis S. (1985) Action research and the politics of reflection. In: Reflection: Turning Experience Into Learning (eds BoudD., KeoghR. & Walker D.). Kogan Page, London . Laudan L. (1977) Progress and its Problems: Towards a Theory of Scientific Growth. University of California Press, Berkley . McKenna H.P. (1995a) Evaluating the effects of a nursing theory on quality of care. (Parts 1 and 2). International Journal of Nursing Studies 31, 79–113. McKenna H.P. (1995b) Back to the nest. Nursing Standard 9, 52–53. McKenna H.P. (1997) Nursing models and theories. Routledge, London . McKenna H.P. (1998) Theory and research: a contribution to practice. International Journal of Nursing Studies 34, 431–437. Newell R. (1992) Anxiety, accuracy and reflection: the limits of professional development. Journal of Advanced Nursing 17, 1326–1333. Schon D. (1987) Educating the Reflective Practitioner. Jossey Bass, San Francisco . Wald F.S. & Leonard R.C. (1964) Towards the development of nursing practice theory. Nursing Research 13, 309–313. Walker L.O. (1971) Towards a clearer understanding of the concept of nursing theory. Nursing Research 20, 428–435.",
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The role of reflection in the development of practice theory: a case study. / McKenna, H.

In: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, Vol. 6, No. 2, 04.1999, p. 147-151.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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