The Role of Maternal Literacy in Reducing the Risk of Child Malnutrition in India

Vani Borooah

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

    Abstract

    This study uses unit-record data on over 50,000 rural children, from the sixteen major states of India, to analyse the determinants of the risks of severe stunting and of being severely underweight. The importance of this study derives from the fact that the prevalence of under-nourishment in India is, even relative to other poor countries, shockingly high. The study focuses on the role of maternal literacy in reducing the risk of child malnourishment. It concludes that when the mother is literate, real benefits flow to children in terms of reduced risk; the same benefits, however, do not flow when the father, but not the mother, is literate. Literate mothers make more effective use of health-care institutions, like anganwadis and hospitals. Consequently, the benefits to children from expanding the supply of such institutions are greater when these institutions interact with mothers who are literate.
    LanguageEnglish
    Title of host publicationGender and Discrimination: Health, Nutritional Staus and Role of Women in India
    EditorsManoranjan Pal, Premananda Bharati, Bholanath Ghosh, TS Vasulu
    Pages141-162
    Publication statusPublished - 2009

    Fingerprint

    India
    Child malnutrition
    Literacy
    Healthcare
    Stunting

    Keywords

    • Child Malnutrition
    • Maternal Literacy
    • Bivariate Probit Model

    Cite this

    Borooah, V. (2009). The Role of Maternal Literacy in Reducing the Risk of Child Malnutrition in India. In M. Pal, P. Bharati, B. Ghosh, & TS. Vasulu (Eds.), Gender and Discrimination: Health, Nutritional Staus and Role of Women in India (pp. 141-162)
    Borooah, Vani. / The Role of Maternal Literacy in Reducing the Risk of Child Malnutrition in India. Gender and Discrimination: Health, Nutritional Staus and Role of Women in India. editor / Manoranjan Pal ; Premananda Bharati ; Bholanath Ghosh ; TS Vasulu. 2009. pp. 141-162
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    abstract = "This study uses unit-record data on over 50,000 rural children, from the sixteen major states of India, to analyse the determinants of the risks of severe stunting and of being severely underweight. The importance of this study derives from the fact that the prevalence of under-nourishment in India is, even relative to other poor countries, shockingly high. The study focuses on the role of maternal literacy in reducing the risk of child malnourishment. It concludes that when the mother is literate, real benefits flow to children in terms of reduced risk; the same benefits, however, do not flow when the father, but not the mother, is literate. Literate mothers make more effective use of health-care institutions, like anganwadis and hospitals. Consequently, the benefits to children from expanding the supply of such institutions are greater when these institutions interact with mothers who are literate.",
    keywords = "Child Malnutrition, Maternal Literacy, Bivariate Probit Model",
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    note = "Reference text: Basu, K. and Foster, J. (1998), 'On Measuring Literacy', Economic Journal, vol. 108, pp. 1733-49. Basu, K., Narayan, A. and Ravallion, M. (2002) ‘Is literacy shared between households?’, Labour Economics, vol. 8, pp. 649-665. Becker, G. (1981), A Treatise on the Family, Cambridge: Harvard University Press. Behrman, J. R. and Wolfe, B. L. (1984) ‘The socioeconomic impact of schooling in a developing country’, Review of Economics and Statistics, vol. 66, pp. 296-303. Behrman, J. and Deolalikar, A. (1988), {"}Health and Nutrition{"}, in H. Chenery and T.N. Srinivasan (ed), Handbook of Development Economics, Amsterdam: North-Holland. Bellamy, C. (1998), The State of the World's Children, 1998, Oxford: Oxford University Press. Borooah, V. K. (2000), “The Welfare of Children in Central India: Econometric Analysis and Policy Simulation”, Oxford Development Studies, vol. 28, pp. 263-87, 2000. Borooah, V. K. (2002), {"}Births, Infants and Children: An econometric portrait of women and children in India{"}, Development and Change (forthcoming). Caldwell, J.C., Reddy, P.H. and Caldwell, P. (1983), The Social component of Mortality Decline: an investigation in South India employing alternative methodologies{"}, Population Studies, vol. 37, pp. 185-205. Caldwell, J.C. (1993), {"}Health Transition: The Cultural, Social and Behavioural Determinants of Health in the Third World{"}, Social Science and Medicine, vol. 36, pp. 125-35. Foster, A.D. and Rosenzweig, M.R. (1996), {"}Technical Change and Human Capital Returns and Investments: Evidence from the Green Revolution{"}, The American Economic Review, vol. 86, pp. 931-53. Gibson, J. (2001), {"}Literacy and Intra-household externalities{"}, World Development, vol. 29, pp. 155-66. Kingdon, G.G. and Unni, J. (2001), {"}Education and Women's Labour Outcomes in India{"}, Education Economics, vol. 9, pp. 173-95. Lavy V., Strauss, J., Thomas D. and de Vreyer, P. (1996), {"}Quality of Health Care, Survival and Health Outcomes in Ghana{"}, Journal of Health Economics, vol. 15, pp. 333-57. Osmani, S.R. (2001), {"}Hunger in South Asia: A Study in Contradiction{"} The Little Magazine, vol. 2, pp. 35-40. Ravallion, M. and Wodon, Q. (2000), ‘Does child labour displace schooling? evidence on behavioural responses to a enrolment subsidy in Bangladesh’, Economic Journal vol. 110, pp. 158-176. Sandiford, P., Cassel, J., Montenegro, M. and Sanchez, G. (1995), {"}The Impact of Women's Literacy on Child Health and its Interaction with Health Services{"}, Population Studies, vol. 49, pp. 5-17. Sen, A.K. (2001), {"}Hunger: Old Torments and New Blunders{"}, The Little Magazine, vol. 2, pp. 9-13. Shariff, A. (1999), India Human Development Report, New Delhi: Oxford University Press. Smith, L.C. and Haddad, L. (2000), Explaining Child Malnutrition in Developing Countries, Washington, DC: International Food Policy Research Institute. Svederberg, P. (2001), {"}Hunger in India: Facts and Challenge{"}, The Little Magazine, vol. 2, pp. 26-34. Thomas, D., Strauss, J. and Henriques, M-H (1991), {"}How Does Mother's Education Affect Child Height{"}, The Journal of Human Resources, vol. 26, pp. 183-211. Thomas, D. and Strauss, J. (1992), {"}Prices, Infrastructure, Household Characteristics and Child Height{"}, Journal of Development Economics, vol. 39, pp. 301-31. World Health Organization (2000), Nutrition in South-East Asia, New Delhi: WHO.",
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    Borooah, V 2009, The Role of Maternal Literacy in Reducing the Risk of Child Malnutrition in India. in M Pal, P Bharati, B Ghosh & TS Vasulu (eds), Gender and Discrimination: Health, Nutritional Staus and Role of Women in India. pp. 141-162.

    The Role of Maternal Literacy in Reducing the Risk of Child Malnutrition in India. / Borooah, Vani.

    Gender and Discrimination: Health, Nutritional Staus and Role of Women in India. ed. / Manoranjan Pal; Premananda Bharati; Bholanath Ghosh; TS Vasulu. 2009. p. 141-162.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

    TY - CHAP

    T1 - The Role of Maternal Literacy in Reducing the Risk of Child Malnutrition in India

    AU - Borooah, Vani

    N1 - Reference text: Basu, K. and Foster, J. (1998), 'On Measuring Literacy', Economic Journal, vol. 108, pp. 1733-49. Basu, K., Narayan, A. and Ravallion, M. (2002) ‘Is literacy shared between households?’, Labour Economics, vol. 8, pp. 649-665. Becker, G. (1981), A Treatise on the Family, Cambridge: Harvard University Press. Behrman, J. R. and Wolfe, B. L. (1984) ‘The socioeconomic impact of schooling in a developing country’, Review of Economics and Statistics, vol. 66, pp. 296-303. Behrman, J. and Deolalikar, A. (1988), "Health and Nutrition", in H. Chenery and T.N. Srinivasan (ed), Handbook of Development Economics, Amsterdam: North-Holland. Bellamy, C. (1998), The State of the World's Children, 1998, Oxford: Oxford University Press. Borooah, V. K. (2000), “The Welfare of Children in Central India: Econometric Analysis and Policy Simulation”, Oxford Development Studies, vol. 28, pp. 263-87, 2000. Borooah, V. K. (2002), "Births, Infants and Children: An econometric portrait of women and children in India", Development and Change (forthcoming). Caldwell, J.C., Reddy, P.H. and Caldwell, P. (1983), The Social component of Mortality Decline: an investigation in South India employing alternative methodologies", Population Studies, vol. 37, pp. 185-205. Caldwell, J.C. (1993), "Health Transition: The Cultural, Social and Behavioural Determinants of Health in the Third World", Social Science and Medicine, vol. 36, pp. 125-35. Foster, A.D. and Rosenzweig, M.R. (1996), "Technical Change and Human Capital Returns and Investments: Evidence from the Green Revolution", The American Economic Review, vol. 86, pp. 931-53. Gibson, J. (2001), "Literacy and Intra-household externalities", World Development, vol. 29, pp. 155-66. Kingdon, G.G. and Unni, J. (2001), "Education and Women's Labour Outcomes in India", Education Economics, vol. 9, pp. 173-95. Lavy V., Strauss, J., Thomas D. and de Vreyer, P. (1996), "Quality of Health Care, Survival and Health Outcomes in Ghana", Journal of Health Economics, vol. 15, pp. 333-57. Osmani, S.R. (2001), "Hunger in South Asia: A Study in Contradiction" The Little Magazine, vol. 2, pp. 35-40. Ravallion, M. and Wodon, Q. (2000), ‘Does child labour displace schooling? evidence on behavioural responses to a enrolment subsidy in Bangladesh’, Economic Journal vol. 110, pp. 158-176. Sandiford, P., Cassel, J., Montenegro, M. and Sanchez, G. (1995), "The Impact of Women's Literacy on Child Health and its Interaction with Health Services", Population Studies, vol. 49, pp. 5-17. Sen, A.K. (2001), "Hunger: Old Torments and New Blunders", The Little Magazine, vol. 2, pp. 9-13. Shariff, A. (1999), India Human Development Report, New Delhi: Oxford University Press. Smith, L.C. and Haddad, L. (2000), Explaining Child Malnutrition in Developing Countries, Washington, DC: International Food Policy Research Institute. Svederberg, P. (2001), "Hunger in India: Facts and Challenge", The Little Magazine, vol. 2, pp. 26-34. Thomas, D., Strauss, J. and Henriques, M-H (1991), "How Does Mother's Education Affect Child Height", The Journal of Human Resources, vol. 26, pp. 183-211. Thomas, D. and Strauss, J. (1992), "Prices, Infrastructure, Household Characteristics and Child Height", Journal of Development Economics, vol. 39, pp. 301-31. World Health Organization (2000), Nutrition in South-East Asia, New Delhi: WHO.

    PY - 2009

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    N2 - This study uses unit-record data on over 50,000 rural children, from the sixteen major states of India, to analyse the determinants of the risks of severe stunting and of being severely underweight. The importance of this study derives from the fact that the prevalence of under-nourishment in India is, even relative to other poor countries, shockingly high. The study focuses on the role of maternal literacy in reducing the risk of child malnourishment. It concludes that when the mother is literate, real benefits flow to children in terms of reduced risk; the same benefits, however, do not flow when the father, but not the mother, is literate. Literate mothers make more effective use of health-care institutions, like anganwadis and hospitals. Consequently, the benefits to children from expanding the supply of such institutions are greater when these institutions interact with mothers who are literate.

    AB - This study uses unit-record data on over 50,000 rural children, from the sixteen major states of India, to analyse the determinants of the risks of severe stunting and of being severely underweight. The importance of this study derives from the fact that the prevalence of under-nourishment in India is, even relative to other poor countries, shockingly high. The study focuses on the role of maternal literacy in reducing the risk of child malnourishment. It concludes that when the mother is literate, real benefits flow to children in terms of reduced risk; the same benefits, however, do not flow when the father, but not the mother, is literate. Literate mothers make more effective use of health-care institutions, like anganwadis and hospitals. Consequently, the benefits to children from expanding the supply of such institutions are greater when these institutions interact with mothers who are literate.

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    EP - 162

    BT - Gender and Discrimination: Health, Nutritional Staus and Role of Women in India

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    A2 - Bharati, Premananda

    A2 - Ghosh, Bholanath

    A2 - Vasulu, TS

    ER -

    Borooah V. The Role of Maternal Literacy in Reducing the Risk of Child Malnutrition in India. In Pal M, Bharati P, Ghosh B, Vasulu TS, editors, Gender and Discrimination: Health, Nutritional Staus and Role of Women in India. 2009. p. 141-162