The role of locus of control and coping style in predicting longitudinal PTSD-trajectories after combat exposure

Karen-Inge Karstoft, Cherie Armour, Ask Elklit, Zahava Solomon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

While longitudinal posttraumatic stress responses are known to be heterogeneous, little is known about predictors of those responses. We investigated if locus of control (LOC) and coping style are associated with long-term PTSD-trajectories after exposure to combat. Six hundred and seventy five Israeli soldiers with or without combat stress reaction (CSR) from the Lebanon war were assessed 1, 2, and 20 years after the war. Combat exposure, LOC, and coping style were then investigated as covariates of the trajectories of resilience, recovery, delayed onset, and chronicity. Symptomatic trajectories in the CSR and the non-CSR group were significantly associated to varying degrees with perceived life threat during combat (ORs: 1.76–2.53), internal LOC (0.77–0.87), emotional coping style (0.28–0.34), and low use of problem-focused coping (2.12–3.11). In conclusion, assessment of LOC and coping can aid prediction of chronic PTSD outcomes of combat exposure.
LanguageEnglish
Pages89-94
JournalJournal of Anxiety Disorders
Volume32
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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Internal-External Control
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders
Lebanon
Military Personnel
Warfare

Keywords

  • Trauma
  • Posttraumatic stress disorder
  • Combat
  • Coping
  • Locus of control
  • Veterans

Cite this

Karstoft, Karen-Inge ; Armour, Cherie ; Elklit, Ask ; Solomon, Zahava. / The role of locus of control and coping style in predicting longitudinal PTSD-trajectories after combat exposure. In: Journal of Anxiety Disorders. 2015 ; Vol. 32. pp. 89-94.
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The role of locus of control and coping style in predicting longitudinal PTSD-trajectories after combat exposure. / Karstoft, Karen-Inge; Armour, Cherie; Elklit, Ask; Solomon, Zahava.

In: Journal of Anxiety Disorders, Vol. 32, 2015, p. 89-94.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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