The Potential Role of Polyphenols in Oxidative Stress and Inflammation Induced by Gut Microbiota in Alzheimer’s Disease

Umair Shabbir, Akanksha Tyagi, Md Fazle Elahi, Simon Okomo Aloo, Oh DeogHwan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Gut microbiota (GM) play a role in the metabolic health, gut eubiosis, nutrition, and
physiology of humans. They are also involved in the regulation of inflammation, oxidative stress,
immune responses, central and peripheral neurotransmission. Aging and unhealthy dietary patterns,
along with oxidative and inflammatory responses due to gut dysbiosis, can lead to the pathogenesis
of neurodegenerative diseases, especially Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Although the exact mechanism
between AD and GM dysbiosis is still unknown, recent studies claim that secretions from the gut can
enhance hallmarks of AD by disturbing the intestinal permeability and blood–brain barrier via the
microbiota–gut–brain axis. Dietary polyphenols are the secondary metabolites of plants that possess
anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory properties and can ameliorate gut dysbiosis by enhancing the
abundance of beneficial bacteria. Thus, modulation of gut by polyphenols can prevent and treat
AD and other neurodegenerative diseases. This review summarizes the role of oxidative stress,
inflammation, and GM in AD. Further, it provides an overview on the ability of polyphenols to
modulate gut dysbiosis, oxidative stress, and inflammation against AD.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1370
Pages (from-to)1-18
Number of pages18
JournalAntioxidants
Volume10
Issue number9
Early online date27 Aug 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished online - 27 Aug 2021

Keywords

  • antioxidants
  • anti-inflammation
  • neurodegeneration
  • microbiota-gut-brain axis
  • gut dysbiosis

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'The Potential Role of Polyphenols in Oxidative Stress and Inflammation Induced by Gut Microbiota in Alzheimer’s Disease'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this