This journal paper discusses the development of fabric formwork from a textile perspective, where the adoption of more sophisticated textile construction proposes the manufacture of new types of flexible and embedded fabric formworks for potential use in the construction Industry. These include fibre systems for reinforcing building components, containment structures arranged with open cavities to accept in-fill and layered geo-textiles. In-filled with concrete, aggregate or earth, tailored performance characteristics built-into the textile design can enhance the overall properties of formwork elements. The developments provide key pointers for the progression of the discipline and automation of the process.The journal paper describes the collaborative outcomes of an International research mission to Canada in 2012. LimesNet – Low Impact Materials and Innovative Engineering Solutions for the Built Environment is an EPSRC funded International Network led by the University of Bath aimed at developing novel and interdisciplinary research activities in the future development of low carbon construction materials and technologies in ground and structural engineering. Soden led a multidiscipline team of experts to engage with International leaders in the Fabric Formwork field with the objective of developing advanced woven textiles for use as new structural formwork containment and reinforcement systems to improve construction efficiency, structural performance and durability. A driving force was to minimise the use of supporting timber frameworks and to provide innovative and sustainable solutions for the built environment in the UK as well as resettlement dwellings for displaced persons in areas of natural disaster. The mission team included Prof Pete Walker, BRE Trust Chair in Innovative Construction Materials at University of Bath, Prof Remo Pedreschi, Professor of Architectural Technology at University of Edinburgh and Dr Martin Ansell, Reader in Materials at University of Bath. In engagement with Prof Mark West, a global expert in the formwork field, the team visited the CAST Centre at University of Manitoba, Canada, the Composites Innovation Centre, Winnipeg Canada, The Alternative (sustainable building) Village, Manitoba and the Geotechnical Engineering Centre at Queens University Kingston, Canada. The mission and subsequent outputs were endorsed by EPSRC and the Limes-net board. Further dissemination took place in June and July 2012 through 3 day interactive research workshops at Bath Innovation Centre, the Formwork Workshop at Edinburgh University, The Limes Net Conference (Bath, 200+ delegates), and through published case study.The work also generated secondary and tertiary impact through substantial membership of the Limes Net Network, via the website (www.limesnet.org), the limes Net Wiki and in electronic form.
|Journal||Proceedings of the ICE - Construction Materials|
|Publication status||Published (in print/issue) - 1 Aug 2013|
Bibliographical noteAuthor Brennan is also known under her maiden name Soden. Outputs in 2012 are published under Soden. Outputs published in 2013 are published under Brennan. All outputs on the Ulster Institutional Repository are listed under Brennan.
Reference text: Pedreschi RF. (2011) Proceedings of 5th International Conference on Textile Composites and Inflatable Structures, Structural Membranes 2011
Orr JJ, Darby AP, Ibell TJ, Evernden MC, Otlet M. (2011) Concrete structures using fabric formwork.. Structural Engineer, 20 - 26
Chandler A, Pedreschi R. (2008) Farbric Formwork.
Abdelgader H, West M, Górski J. (2008) State-of-the-art report on fabric formwork.. Proceedings of International Conference on Construction and Building Technology, University Technology Petronas, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 93 - 106
Lee SH. (2011) A Study of Construction Methodology and Structural Behaviour of Fabric Formed Form-efficient Reinforced Concrete Beams.
Pronk ADC, Veldman SL, Houtman R. (2002) Space Structures 5
Soden J, Pedreschi R, Walker P, Ansell MP. (2012) Woven Structural Formwork.
Tang G. (2012) The rise and fall of the thin concrete shell.. Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Flexible Formwork, Bath, UK, 334 - 345
Brachman RWI, Sabir A. (2010) Geomembrane puncture and strains from stones in an underlying clay layer.. Geotextiles and Geomembranes, 335 - 343
Stewart GJ. (2010) The Development of Multi-layer Woven Structures for Use in Road Construction Geotextiles.
Malone P. (1999) Use of Permeable Formwork in Placing and Curing Concrete.
Christensen C. (1997) The Innovator's Dilemma: When New Technologies Cause Great Firms to Fail.
West M. (2006) Material Reduction: Efficient Fabric Formed Concrete.
West M, Araya R. (2009) Proceedings of International Conference on Textile Composites and Inflatable Structures, Structural Membranes 2009
West M, Araya R. (2011) Proceedings of International Conference on Textile Composites and Inflatable Structures, Structural Membranes 2011 (2006) Report 36: Textile Reinforced Concrete – State of the Art Report.
Hashemian F. (2012) Structural Behaviour and Optimization of Moment-Shaped Reinforced Concrete Beams.
Orr JJ, Darby AP, Ibell TJ, Evernden M. (2012) Optimisation and durability in fabric cast double T-beams.. Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Flexible Formwork, Bath, UK, 268 - 279
Veenendaal D, West M, Block P. (2011) History and overview of fabric formwork: using fabrics for concrete casting.. Structural Concrete, 164 - 177
Cauberg N, Tysmans T. (2012) Shell elements of textile reinforced concrete using fabric formwork.. Case Study Advances in Structural Engineering, 677 - 690
Soden JA, Stewart GFJ. (2009) Proceedings of Natural Fibres '09 'Materials For a Low Carbon Future' (Ed. B Suddell), Institute of Materials, Minerals and Mining, London, Dec 2009.
- Concrete technology and manufacture
- geomembranes and geogrids