The expansion of Islamic State control in Iraq led to massive internal displacement. Iraq nowhas one of the largest internally displaced populations in the world. Many families found rela-tive safety in government-controlled towns throughout the country; a large proportion sought refuge in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KRI), having fled from its northern territories where Arabs, Kurds, Yezidis, Assyrians and Turkmen each claimed demographic dominance. Consequently, the KRI has become a sanctuary to almost a million Iraqi IDPs of varying ethnic backgrounds and cultures. This article draws on extensive regional fieldwork to explore the relationship between education provision for displaced populations and broader ethno-sectarian and socio-political influences. The article will unpack the research question:“In what ways does education for IDPs in KRI exacerbate or mitigate conflict?”and will highlight key areas in which misunderstanding of identity politics has resulted in reduced quality education for displaced populations.