The Physiological and Biochemical Outcomes Associated with a Reflexology Treatment: A Systematic Review

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Background. Reflexology is one of the top forms of complementary and alternative medicine in the UK and is used for healthcare by a diverse range of people. However, it is offered by few healthcare providers as little scientific evidence is available explaining how it works or any health benefits it may confer.The aim of this review was to assess the current evidence available from reflexology randomised controlled trials (RCTs) that have investigated changes in physiological or biochemical outcomes.
Methods. Guidelines from the Cochrane Handbook of Systematic Reviews of Interventions were followed: the following databases were searched from inception to December 2013:AMED, CAMQuest, CINAHL Plus, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Embase,MedlineOvid, Proquest, and Pubmed. Risk of bias was assessed independently by two members of the review team and overall strength of the evidence was assessed using the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation guidelines.
Results.Seventeen eligible RCTs met all inclusion criteria. A total of 34 objective outcome measures were analysed. Although twelve studies showed significant changes within the reflexology group, only three studies investigating blood pressure, cardiac index, and salivaryamylase resulted in significant between group changes in favour of reflexology. The overall quality of the studies was low.
Original languageEnglish
Article number502123
Pages (from-to)1-16
Number of pages16
JournalEvidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished (in print/issue) - 5 May 2014


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