The Newfoundland Ice Sheet, Canada, reconstructed using a glacial geological inversion approach and cosmogenic exposure dating.

Maureen McHenry, P Dunlop, Delia M. Gheorghiu, Peter Wilson

Research output: Contribution to conferencePoster

Abstract

As ice sheets are sensitive barometers of global climate change, reconstructing palaeo-ice sheets provides important insights into how contemporary ice sheets may respond to future climate change. The Newfoundland Ice Sheet (NIS) is of particular significance in this regard. It was located on the fringes of the Atlantic Ocean and the Laurentide Ice Sheet (LIS). This suggests the NIS was likely influenced by a number of external and internal drivers, including configuration changes in the LIS, ice stream activity, fluctuations in sea level and oceanic circulation and climate signals from the wider Amphi-North Atlantic. Therefore Newfoundland is a key location for investigating how ice sheets may respond to a number of forcing mechanisms. An established technique used to reconstruct ice sheets is the mapping and spatial analysis of glacial landforms. This record can be used to establish relationships between ice sheet behaviour and a range of forcing mechanisms. Here we present new mapping based on our interpretation of SPOT satellite imagery, Digital Elevation Models and bathymetric imagery of Newfoundland. Our new database of ~150,000 individually mapped subglacial bedforms of glacial lineations and ribbed moraines significantly increases the known landform record in this region. We report our attempt at unravelling this record using a glacial inversion approach and flowset analysis, which separates ice flow patterns into snapshots of ice sheet events. Initial analysis indicates the NIS was dynamic and susceptible to configuration changes throughout the last glacial cycle including ice divide migration, regional configuration changes, ice stream activity and enhanced ice flow caused by marine drawdown. To enable greater radiometric control of the deglacial behaviour of the NIS, we report new cosmogenic exposure ages from several sites around southeast Newfoundland. These new exposure ages will be combined with existing cosmogenic records across Newfoundland to help temporally constrain our ice sheet reconstruction.

Conference

Conference XIX International Union for Quaternary Research Congress
Abbreviated titleINQUA
CountryJapan
CityNagoya
Period26/07/152/08/15
Internet address

Fingerprint

ice sheet
Laurentide Ice Sheet
ice stream
ice flow
inversion
dating
exposure
glacial landform
climate signal
climate change
oceanic circulation
bedform
Last Glacial
lineation
SPOT
drawdown
spatial analysis
flow pattern
satellite imagery
landform

Keywords

  • Newfoundland Ice Sheet
  • reconstruction
  • glacial
  • Subglacial bedforms

Cite this

McHenry, M., Dunlop, P., Gheorghiu, D. M., & Wilson, P. (2015). The Newfoundland Ice Sheet, Canada, reconstructed using a glacial geological inversion approach and cosmogenic exposure dating.. Poster session presented at XIX International Union for Quaternary Research Congress, Nagoya, Japan.
McHenry, Maureen ; Dunlop, P ; Gheorghiu, Delia M. ; Wilson, Peter. / The Newfoundland Ice Sheet, Canada, reconstructed using a glacial geological inversion approach and cosmogenic exposure dating. Poster session presented at XIX International Union for Quaternary Research Congress, Nagoya, Japan.1 p.
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abstract = "As ice sheets are sensitive barometers of global climate change, reconstructing palaeo-ice sheets provides important insights into how contemporary ice sheets may respond to future climate change. The Newfoundland Ice Sheet (NIS) is of particular significance in this regard. It was located on the fringes of the Atlantic Ocean and the Laurentide Ice Sheet (LIS). This suggests the NIS was likely influenced by a number of external and internal drivers, including configuration changes in the LIS, ice stream activity, fluctuations in sea level and oceanic circulation and climate signals from the wider Amphi-North Atlantic. Therefore Newfoundland is a key location for investigating how ice sheets may respond to a number of forcing mechanisms. An established technique used to reconstruct ice sheets is the mapping and spatial analysis of glacial landforms. This record can be used to establish relationships between ice sheet behaviour and a range of forcing mechanisms. Here we present new mapping based on our interpretation of SPOT satellite imagery, Digital Elevation Models and bathymetric imagery of Newfoundland. Our new database of ~150,000 individually mapped subglacial bedforms of glacial lineations and ribbed moraines significantly increases the known landform record in this region. We report our attempt at unravelling this record using a glacial inversion approach and flowset analysis, which separates ice flow patterns into snapshots of ice sheet events. Initial analysis indicates the NIS was dynamic and susceptible to configuration changes throughout the last glacial cycle including ice divide migration, regional configuration changes, ice stream activity and enhanced ice flow caused by marine drawdown. To enable greater radiometric control of the deglacial behaviour of the NIS, we report new cosmogenic exposure ages from several sites around southeast Newfoundland. These new exposure ages will be combined with existing cosmogenic records across Newfoundland to help temporally constrain our ice sheet reconstruction.",
keywords = "Newfoundland Ice Sheet, reconstruction, glacial, Subglacial bedforms",
author = "Maureen McHenry and P Dunlop and Gheorghiu, {Delia M.} and Peter Wilson",
note = "Poster; XIX International Union for Quaternary Research Congress, INQUA ; Conference date: 26-07-2015 Through 02-08-2015",
year = "2015",
month = "7",
day = "28",
language = "English",
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McHenry, M, Dunlop, P, Gheorghiu, DM & Wilson, P 2015, 'The Newfoundland Ice Sheet, Canada, reconstructed using a glacial geological inversion approach and cosmogenic exposure dating.' XIX International Union for Quaternary Research Congress, Nagoya, Japan, 26/07/15 - 2/08/15, .

The Newfoundland Ice Sheet, Canada, reconstructed using a glacial geological inversion approach and cosmogenic exposure dating. / McHenry, Maureen; Dunlop, P; Gheorghiu, Delia M.; Wilson, Peter.

2015. Poster session presented at XIX International Union for Quaternary Research Congress, Nagoya, Japan.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePoster

TY - CONF

T1 - The Newfoundland Ice Sheet, Canada, reconstructed using a glacial geological inversion approach and cosmogenic exposure dating.

AU - McHenry, Maureen

AU - Dunlop, P

AU - Gheorghiu, Delia M.

AU - Wilson, Peter

N1 - Poster

PY - 2015/7/28

Y1 - 2015/7/28

N2 - As ice sheets are sensitive barometers of global climate change, reconstructing palaeo-ice sheets provides important insights into how contemporary ice sheets may respond to future climate change. The Newfoundland Ice Sheet (NIS) is of particular significance in this regard. It was located on the fringes of the Atlantic Ocean and the Laurentide Ice Sheet (LIS). This suggests the NIS was likely influenced by a number of external and internal drivers, including configuration changes in the LIS, ice stream activity, fluctuations in sea level and oceanic circulation and climate signals from the wider Amphi-North Atlantic. Therefore Newfoundland is a key location for investigating how ice sheets may respond to a number of forcing mechanisms. An established technique used to reconstruct ice sheets is the mapping and spatial analysis of glacial landforms. This record can be used to establish relationships between ice sheet behaviour and a range of forcing mechanisms. Here we present new mapping based on our interpretation of SPOT satellite imagery, Digital Elevation Models and bathymetric imagery of Newfoundland. Our new database of ~150,000 individually mapped subglacial bedforms of glacial lineations and ribbed moraines significantly increases the known landform record in this region. We report our attempt at unravelling this record using a glacial inversion approach and flowset analysis, which separates ice flow patterns into snapshots of ice sheet events. Initial analysis indicates the NIS was dynamic and susceptible to configuration changes throughout the last glacial cycle including ice divide migration, regional configuration changes, ice stream activity and enhanced ice flow caused by marine drawdown. To enable greater radiometric control of the deglacial behaviour of the NIS, we report new cosmogenic exposure ages from several sites around southeast Newfoundland. These new exposure ages will be combined with existing cosmogenic records across Newfoundland to help temporally constrain our ice sheet reconstruction.

AB - As ice sheets are sensitive barometers of global climate change, reconstructing palaeo-ice sheets provides important insights into how contemporary ice sheets may respond to future climate change. The Newfoundland Ice Sheet (NIS) is of particular significance in this regard. It was located on the fringes of the Atlantic Ocean and the Laurentide Ice Sheet (LIS). This suggests the NIS was likely influenced by a number of external and internal drivers, including configuration changes in the LIS, ice stream activity, fluctuations in sea level and oceanic circulation and climate signals from the wider Amphi-North Atlantic. Therefore Newfoundland is a key location for investigating how ice sheets may respond to a number of forcing mechanisms. An established technique used to reconstruct ice sheets is the mapping and spatial analysis of glacial landforms. This record can be used to establish relationships between ice sheet behaviour and a range of forcing mechanisms. Here we present new mapping based on our interpretation of SPOT satellite imagery, Digital Elevation Models and bathymetric imagery of Newfoundland. Our new database of ~150,000 individually mapped subglacial bedforms of glacial lineations and ribbed moraines significantly increases the known landform record in this region. We report our attempt at unravelling this record using a glacial inversion approach and flowset analysis, which separates ice flow patterns into snapshots of ice sheet events. Initial analysis indicates the NIS was dynamic and susceptible to configuration changes throughout the last glacial cycle including ice divide migration, regional configuration changes, ice stream activity and enhanced ice flow caused by marine drawdown. To enable greater radiometric control of the deglacial behaviour of the NIS, we report new cosmogenic exposure ages from several sites around southeast Newfoundland. These new exposure ages will be combined with existing cosmogenic records across Newfoundland to help temporally constrain our ice sheet reconstruction.

KW - Newfoundland Ice Sheet

KW - reconstruction

KW - glacial

KW - Subglacial bedforms

UR - http://inqua2015.jp/program/INQUA2015program.pdf

M3 - Poster

ER -

McHenry M, Dunlop P, Gheorghiu DM, Wilson P. The Newfoundland Ice Sheet, Canada, reconstructed using a glacial geological inversion approach and cosmogenic exposure dating.. 2015. Poster session presented at XIX International Union for Quaternary Research Congress, Nagoya, Japan.