The Morphological Characteristics of Ribbed Moraine

P Dunlop, C.D Clark

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

91 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ribbed (Rogen) moraines are large subglacially formed transverse ridges that cover extensive areas of the former Laurentide,Scandinavian and Irish ice sheets. Given their ubiquitous and conspicuous nature, it is surprising that their characteristics are poorlyunderstood. To date, most ribbed moraine studies have been spatially restricted and rely on small sample sizes. Thus, published accounts of their characteristics are most likely unrepresentative of ribbed moraines generally. This study addresses this deficit by producing the first representative data set on ribbed moraine size, shape, pattern and distribution and we describe their spatial characteristics. Various remote sensing and GIS techniques were used to map ribbed moraines over a combined area of 81,000km2 in Canada, Ireland and Sweden producing a database of just over 33,000 individual landforms. In all, 25,082 ridges were mapped in two areas in central and northern Quebec (the Lac Naococane and River Kaniapiskau regions), 5637 in the Lake Rogen area of central Sweden and 2500 in north central Ireland. In comparison against the published accounts of ribbed moraine we demonstrate that some widely held assertions areinaccurate or untrue, and we show that ribbed moraine morphological characteristics are more complex than has been hitherto reported. Our data reveals they exist over a larger scale range than was previously stated. This study concludes by presenting a list of ribbedmoraine characteristics and argues that formational hypotheses must account for these if they are to remain valid explanations of ribbed moraine genesis.
LanguageEnglish
Pages1668-1691
JournalQuaternary Science Reviews
Volume25
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jan 2006

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moraine
Ireland
Sweden
landforms
Quebec
remote sensing
ice
Canada
lakes
rivers
Geographical Information System
deficit
river
landform
ice sheet
sampling
GIS
methodology
lake

Keywords

  • Ribbed moraine
  • morphology
  • morphometry

Cite this

Dunlop, P ; Clark, C.D. / The Morphological Characteristics of Ribbed Moraine. 2006 ; Vol. 25. pp. 1668-1691.
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title = "The Morphological Characteristics of Ribbed Moraine",
abstract = "Ribbed (Rogen) moraines are large subglacially formed transverse ridges that cover extensive areas of the former Laurentide,Scandinavian and Irish ice sheets. Given their ubiquitous and conspicuous nature, it is surprising that their characteristics are poorlyunderstood. To date, most ribbed moraine studies have been spatially restricted and rely on small sample sizes. Thus, published accounts of their characteristics are most likely unrepresentative of ribbed moraines generally. This study addresses this deficit by producing the first representative data set on ribbed moraine size, shape, pattern and distribution and we describe their spatial characteristics. Various remote sensing and GIS techniques were used to map ribbed moraines over a combined area of 81,000km2 in Canada, Ireland and Sweden producing a database of just over 33,000 individual landforms. In all, 25,082 ridges were mapped in two areas in central and northern Quebec (the Lac Naococane and River Kaniapiskau regions), 5637 in the Lake Rogen area of central Sweden and 2500 in north central Ireland. In comparison against the published accounts of ribbed moraine we demonstrate that some widely held assertions areinaccurate or untrue, and we show that ribbed moraine morphological characteristics are more complex than has been hitherto reported. Our data reveals they exist over a larger scale range than was previously stated. This study concludes by presenting a list of ribbedmoraine characteristics and argues that formational hypotheses must account for these if they are to remain valid explanations of ribbed moraine genesis.",
keywords = "Ribbed moraine, morphology, morphometry",
author = "P Dunlop and C.D Clark",
note = "Reference text: References Aario, 1977 R. Aario, Classification and terminology of morainic landforms in Finland, Boreas 6 (1977), pp. 87–100. Aber et al., 1993 Aber, J.S., Spellman, E.E., Webster, M.P., 1993. Landsat remote sensing of glaciated terraine. In: J.S. Aber (Ed.), Glaciotectonics and Mapping Glacial Deposits, Proceedings of the INQUA Commission on Formation and Properties of Glacial Deposits, pp. 215–225. Aylsworth and Shilts, 1989 J.M. Aylsworth and W.W. Shilts, Bedforms of the Keewatin Ice Sheet, Canada, Sedimentary Geology 62 (1989), pp. 407–428. Abstract | PDF (3062 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (28) Benn and Evans, 1998 D.I. Benn and D.J.A. Evans, Glaciers and Glaciation, Arnold, London (1998). Bouchard, 1980 Bouchard, M.A., 1980. Late Quaternary geology of the T{\'e}miscamie area, central Quebec, Canada. Dissertation, Department of Geological Sciences, McGill University, 284pp. Bouchard, 1989 M.A. Bouchard, Subglacial landforms and deposits in central and northern Qu{\'e}bec, Canada, with emphasis on Rogen moraines, Sedimentary Geology 62 (1989), pp. 293–308. Abstract | PDF (1638 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (29) Boulton, 1987 Boulton, G.S., 1987. A theory of drumlin formation by subglacial deformation. In: Menzies, J., Rose, J. (Eds.), Drumlin Symposium. Balkema, Rotterdam, pp. 25–80. Boulton and Clark, 1990 G.S. Boulton and C.D. Clark, A highly mobile Laurentide Ice Sheet revealed by satellite images of glacial lineations, Nature 346 (1990), pp. 813–817. Full Text via CrossRef | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (89) Clark, 1993 C.D. Clark, Mega-scale lineations and cross-cutting ice-flow landforms, Earth Surface Process and Landforms 18 (1993), pp. 1–29. Full Text via CrossRef | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (137) Clark, 1997 C.D. Clark, Reconstructing the evolutionary dynamics of former ice sheets using multi-temporal evidence, remote sensing and GIS, Quaternary Science Reviews 16 (1997), pp. 1067–1092. Abstract | PDF (2477 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (61) Clark and Meehan, 2001 C.D. Clark and R. Meehan, Subglacial bedform geomorphology of the Irish Ice Sheet reveals major configuration changes during growth and decay, Journal of Quaternary Science 16 (2001), pp. 483–496. Full Text via CrossRef | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (34) Clark et al., 2000 C.D. Clark, J.K. Knight and J.T. Gray, Geomorphological reconstruction of the Labrador Sector of the Laurentide Ice Sheet, Quaternary Science Reviews 19 (2000), pp. 1343–1366. Article | PDF (3660 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (42) Cowan, 1968 W. Cowan, Ribbed moraine: till fabric analysis and origin, Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences 5 (1968), pp. 1145–1159. Dunlop, 2004 Dunlop, P., 2004. The characteristics of ribbed moraine and assessment of theories for their genesis. Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis, Department of Geography, The University of Sheffield, 363pp. Dunlop and Clark, 2006 Dunlop, P., Clark, C.D., 2006. Distribution of ribbed moraines in the Lac Naococane Region, Central Qu{\'e}bec, Canada. Journal of Maps 2006, 59–70. Dyke et al., 1992 A.S. Dyke, T.F. Morris, D.E.C. Green and J. England, Quaternary geology of Prince of Wales Island, Arctic Canada, Geological Survey of Canada Memoir 433 (1992), p. 142. Fisher and Shaw, 1992 T.G. Fisher and J. Shaw, A depositional model for Rogen Moraine, with examples from the Avalon Peninsula, Newfoundland, Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences 29 (1992), pp. 669–686. View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (26) Fr{\"o}din, 1954 G. Fr{\"o}din, De sista skedena av CentralJ{\"a}mtlands glaciala historia, Geographica 24 (1954), pp. 1–251. H{\"a}ttestrand, 1997 C. H{\"a}ttestrand, Ribbed moraines in Sweden—distribution pattern and Palaeoglaciological implications, Sedimentary Geology 111 (1997), pp. 41–56. Abstract | PDF (1550 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (46) H{\"a}ttestrand and Kleman, 1999 C. H{\"a}ttestrand and J. Kleman, Ribbed moraine formation, Quaternary Science Reviews 18 (1999), pp. 43–61. Abstract | PDF (2019 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (35) Hegge and Masselink, 1996 B.J. Hegge and G. Masselink, Spectral analysis of geomorphic time series: auto-correlation spectrum, Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 21 (1996), pp. 1021–1040. Full Text via CrossRef | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (18) Hindmarsh, 1998a R.C.A. Hindmarsh, The stability of a viscous till sheet coupled with ice flow, considered at wavelengths less than ice thickness, Journal of Glaciology 44 (1998), pp. 288–292. Hindmarsh, 1998b R.C.A. Hindmarsh, Drumlinization and drumlin-forming instabilities: viscous till mechanisms, Journal of Glaciology 44 (1998), pp. 293–314. View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (30) Hindmarsh, 1999 R.C.A. Hindmarsh, Coupled ice-till dynamics and the seeding of drumlins and bedrock forms, Annals of Glaciology 28 (1999), pp. 221–230. Full Text via CrossRef | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (8) Hoppe, 1952 G. Hoppe, Glacial morphology and inland ice recession in northern Sweden, Geografiska Annaler 41 (1952), pp. 193–212. Jansson et al., 2002 K.N. Jansson, J. Kleman and D.R. Marchant, The succession of ice-flow patterns in north central Qu{\'e}bec-Labrador, Canada, Quaternary Science Reviews 21 (2002), pp. 503–523. Article | PDF (2723 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (15) Kitmitto et al., 2000 K. Kitmitto, M. Cooper, C.C. Venters, J.P. Muller, J.G. Morley, A. Walker and S. Rana, LANDMAP: serving satellite imagery to the UK academic community. In: RSS2000 Adding Value to Remotely Sensed Data, University of Leicester (2000). Kleman and H{\"a}ttestrand, 1999 J. Kleman and C. H{\"a}ttestrand, Frozen-bed Fennoscandian and Laurentide ice sheets during the Last Glacial Maximum, Nature 402 (1999), pp. 63–66. Full Text via CrossRef | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (107) Kleman et al., 1997 J. Kleman, C. H{\"a}ttestrand, I. Borgstr{\"o}m and A. Stroeven, Fennoscandian palaeoglaciology reconstructed using a glacial geological inversion model, Journal of Glaciology 43 (1997), pp. 283–299. View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (131) Knight and McCabe, 1997 J. Knight and A.M. McCabe, Identification and significance of ice-flow transverse subglacial ridges (Rogen moraines) in northern central Ireland, Journal of Quaternary Science 12 (1997) (6), pp. 519–534. Kurimo, 1980 H. Kurimo, Depositional deglaciation forms as indicators of different glacial and glaciomarginal environments, Boreas 9 (1980), pp. 179–191. View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (9) Lidmar-Bergstr{\"o}m et al., 1991 K. Lidmar-Bergstr{\"o}m, C. Elvhage and B. Ringberg, Landforms in Skane, south Sweden, Geografiska Annaler 73A (1991), pp. 61–91. Full Text via CrossRef | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (11) Lundqvist, 1969 Lundqvist, J., 1969. Problems of the so-called Rogen moraine. Sverige Geologiske Unders{\"o}kning, Series C, 648. Lundqvist, 1989 J. Lundqvist, Rogen (ribbed) moraine: identification and possible origin, Sedimentary Geology 62 (1989), pp. 281–292. Abstract | PDF (1116 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (38) Lundqvist, 1997 J. Lundqvist, Rogen moraine—an example of two-step formation of glacial landscapes, Sedimentary Geology 111 (1997), pp. 27–40. Abstract | PDF (4751 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (13) Markgren and Lassila, 1980 M. Markgren and M. Lassila, Problems of moraine morphology, Rogen moraine and Blattnick moraine, Boreas 9 (1980), pp. 271–274. View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (6) McCabe et al., 1999 A.M. McCabe, J. Knight and S.G. Mc Carron, Ice-flow stages and glacial bedforms in north central Ireland: a record of rapid environmental change during the last glacial termination, Journal of the Geological Society, London 156 (1999), pp. 63–72. Full Text via CrossRef | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (21) Menzies, 1987 Menzies, J., 1987. Towards a general hypothesis on the formation of drumlins. In: Menzies, J., Rose, J. (Eds.), Drumlin Symposium. Balkema, Rotterdam, pp. 9–24. Menzies and Shilts, 1996 J. Menzies and W.W. Shilts, Subglacial environments. In: J. Menzies, Editor, Past Glacial Environments: Sediments Forms and Techniques, Butterworth Heineman, Oxford (1996) 605pp. Minell, 1980 H. Minell, The distribution of local bedrock material in some moraine forms from the inner part of northern Sweden, Boreas 9 (1980), pp. 275–281. View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (4) Mollard and James, 1984 J.O. Mollard and R. James, Airphoto interpretation and the Canadian landscape, Canadian Government Publishing Centre, Hull Canada (1984) 415pp. M{\"o}ller, 2006 P. M{\"o}ller, Rogen moraine—an example of glacial reshaping of pre-existing landforms, Quaternary Science Reviews 25 (2006), pp. 362–389. Article | PDF (2867 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (12) Rabus et al., 2003 B. Rabus, M. Eineder, A. Roth and R. Bamler, The shuttle radar topography mission—a new class of digital elevation models acquired by spaceborne rader, Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing 57 (2003), pp. 241–262. Article | PDF (2943 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (258) Rose, 1987 Rose, J., 1987. Drumlins as part of a glacier bedform continuum. In: Menzies, J., Rose, J. (Eds.), Drumlin Symposium. Balkema, Rotterdam, pp. 103–116. Shaw, 1979 J. Shaw, Genesis of the Sveg till and Rogen moraines of central Sweden: a model of basal Melt out, Boreas 8 (1979), pp. 409–426. View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (31) Shilts and Aylsworth, 1989 W.W. Shilts and J.M. Aylsworth, Glacial features around the Keewatin ice divide: districts of Mackenzie and Keewatin, Geological Survey of Canada Paper 88-24 (1989), p. 21. Shilts et al., 1987 W.W. Shilts, J.M. Aylsworth, C.A. Kaszycki and R.A. Klassen, Canadian shield. In: W.L. Graf, Editor, Geomorphic Systems of North America. Centennial special vol. 2, Geological Society of America (1987), pp. 119–161. View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (14) Smith and Clark, 2005 M.j. Smith and C.D. Clark, Methods for the visualisation of digital elevation models for landform mapping, Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 30 (2005), pp. 885–900. View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (26) Smith et al., 2001 M.j. Smith, C.D. Clark and S.M. Wise, Mapping glacial lineaments from satellite imagery: an assessment of the problems and development of best procedure, Slovak Geological Magazine 7 (2001), pp. 263–274. Sollid and S{\o}rbel, 1984 Sollid, J.L., S{\o}rbel, L., 1984. Distribution and genesis of moraines in Central Norway. In: K{\"o}nnigson, L.-K. (Ed.), Ten Years of Nordic Till Research, Striae, vol. 20, pp. 63–67. Stokes and Clark, 2001 C.R. Stokes and C.D. Clark, Palaeo-ice streams, Quaternary Science Reviews 20 (2001), pp. 1437–1457. Article | PDF (1391 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (124) Stokes and Clark, 2003 C.R. Stokes and C.D. Clark, The Dubawnt Lake Palaeo-Ice Stream: evidence for dynamic ice sheet behaviour on the Canadian Shield and insights regarding the controls on ice-stream location and vigour, Boreas 32 (2003) (1), pp. 263–279. Full Text via CrossRef | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (32) Sugden and John, 1976 D.E. Sugden and B.S. John, Glaciers and Landscape, Edward Arnold Publishers, London (1976) 376pp.",
year = "2006",
month = "1",
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The Morphological Characteristics of Ribbed Moraine. / Dunlop, P; Clark, C.D.

Vol. 25, 02.01.2006, p. 1668-1691.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - The Morphological Characteristics of Ribbed Moraine

AU - Dunlop, P

AU - Clark, C.D

N1 - Reference text: References Aario, 1977 R. Aario, Classification and terminology of morainic landforms in Finland, Boreas 6 (1977), pp. 87–100. Aber et al., 1993 Aber, J.S., Spellman, E.E., Webster, M.P., 1993. Landsat remote sensing of glaciated terraine. In: J.S. Aber (Ed.), Glaciotectonics and Mapping Glacial Deposits, Proceedings of the INQUA Commission on Formation and Properties of Glacial Deposits, pp. 215–225. Aylsworth and Shilts, 1989 J.M. Aylsworth and W.W. Shilts, Bedforms of the Keewatin Ice Sheet, Canada, Sedimentary Geology 62 (1989), pp. 407–428. Abstract | PDF (3062 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (28) Benn and Evans, 1998 D.I. Benn and D.J.A. Evans, Glaciers and Glaciation, Arnold, London (1998). Bouchard, 1980 Bouchard, M.A., 1980. Late Quaternary geology of the Témiscamie area, central Quebec, Canada. Dissertation, Department of Geological Sciences, McGill University, 284pp. Bouchard, 1989 M.A. Bouchard, Subglacial landforms and deposits in central and northern Québec, Canada, with emphasis on Rogen moraines, Sedimentary Geology 62 (1989), pp. 293–308. Abstract | PDF (1638 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (29) Boulton, 1987 Boulton, G.S., 1987. A theory of drumlin formation by subglacial deformation. In: Menzies, J., Rose, J. (Eds.), Drumlin Symposium. Balkema, Rotterdam, pp. 25–80. Boulton and Clark, 1990 G.S. Boulton and C.D. Clark, A highly mobile Laurentide Ice Sheet revealed by satellite images of glacial lineations, Nature 346 (1990), pp. 813–817. Full Text via CrossRef | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (89) Clark, 1993 C.D. Clark, Mega-scale lineations and cross-cutting ice-flow landforms, Earth Surface Process and Landforms 18 (1993), pp. 1–29. Full Text via CrossRef | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (137) Clark, 1997 C.D. Clark, Reconstructing the evolutionary dynamics of former ice sheets using multi-temporal evidence, remote sensing and GIS, Quaternary Science Reviews 16 (1997), pp. 1067–1092. Abstract | PDF (2477 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (61) Clark and Meehan, 2001 C.D. Clark and R. Meehan, Subglacial bedform geomorphology of the Irish Ice Sheet reveals major configuration changes during growth and decay, Journal of Quaternary Science 16 (2001), pp. 483–496. Full Text via CrossRef | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (34) Clark et al., 2000 C.D. Clark, J.K. Knight and J.T. Gray, Geomorphological reconstruction of the Labrador Sector of the Laurentide Ice Sheet, Quaternary Science Reviews 19 (2000), pp. 1343–1366. Article | PDF (3660 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (42) Cowan, 1968 W. Cowan, Ribbed moraine: till fabric analysis and origin, Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences 5 (1968), pp. 1145–1159. Dunlop, 2004 Dunlop, P., 2004. The characteristics of ribbed moraine and assessment of theories for their genesis. Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis, Department of Geography, The University of Sheffield, 363pp. Dunlop and Clark, 2006 Dunlop, P., Clark, C.D., 2006. Distribution of ribbed moraines in the Lac Naococane Region, Central Québec, Canada. Journal of Maps 2006, 59–70. Dyke et al., 1992 A.S. Dyke, T.F. Morris, D.E.C. Green and J. England, Quaternary geology of Prince of Wales Island, Arctic Canada, Geological Survey of Canada Memoir 433 (1992), p. 142. Fisher and Shaw, 1992 T.G. Fisher and J. Shaw, A depositional model for Rogen Moraine, with examples from the Avalon Peninsula, Newfoundland, Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences 29 (1992), pp. 669–686. View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (26) Frödin, 1954 G. Frödin, De sista skedena av CentralJämtlands glaciala historia, Geographica 24 (1954), pp. 1–251. Hättestrand, 1997 C. Hättestrand, Ribbed moraines in Sweden—distribution pattern and Palaeoglaciological implications, Sedimentary Geology 111 (1997), pp. 41–56. Abstract | PDF (1550 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (46) Hättestrand and Kleman, 1999 C. Hättestrand and J. Kleman, Ribbed moraine formation, Quaternary Science Reviews 18 (1999), pp. 43–61. Abstract | PDF (2019 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (35) Hegge and Masselink, 1996 B.J. Hegge and G. Masselink, Spectral analysis of geomorphic time series: auto-correlation spectrum, Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 21 (1996), pp. 1021–1040. Full Text via CrossRef | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (18) Hindmarsh, 1998a R.C.A. Hindmarsh, The stability of a viscous till sheet coupled with ice flow, considered at wavelengths less than ice thickness, Journal of Glaciology 44 (1998), pp. 288–292. Hindmarsh, 1998b R.C.A. Hindmarsh, Drumlinization and drumlin-forming instabilities: viscous till mechanisms, Journal of Glaciology 44 (1998), pp. 293–314. View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (30) Hindmarsh, 1999 R.C.A. Hindmarsh, Coupled ice-till dynamics and the seeding of drumlins and bedrock forms, Annals of Glaciology 28 (1999), pp. 221–230. Full Text via CrossRef | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (8) Hoppe, 1952 G. Hoppe, Glacial morphology and inland ice recession in northern Sweden, Geografiska Annaler 41 (1952), pp. 193–212. Jansson et al., 2002 K.N. Jansson, J. Kleman and D.R. Marchant, The succession of ice-flow patterns in north central Québec-Labrador, Canada, Quaternary Science Reviews 21 (2002), pp. 503–523. Article | PDF (2723 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (15) Kitmitto et al., 2000 K. Kitmitto, M. Cooper, C.C. Venters, J.P. Muller, J.G. Morley, A. Walker and S. Rana, LANDMAP: serving satellite imagery to the UK academic community. In: RSS2000 Adding Value to Remotely Sensed Data, University of Leicester (2000). Kleman and Hättestrand, 1999 J. Kleman and C. Hättestrand, Frozen-bed Fennoscandian and Laurentide ice sheets during the Last Glacial Maximum, Nature 402 (1999), pp. 63–66. Full Text via CrossRef | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (107) Kleman et al., 1997 J. Kleman, C. Hättestrand, I. Borgström and A. Stroeven, Fennoscandian palaeoglaciology reconstructed using a glacial geological inversion model, Journal of Glaciology 43 (1997), pp. 283–299. View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (131) Knight and McCabe, 1997 J. Knight and A.M. McCabe, Identification and significance of ice-flow transverse subglacial ridges (Rogen moraines) in northern central Ireland, Journal of Quaternary Science 12 (1997) (6), pp. 519–534. Kurimo, 1980 H. Kurimo, Depositional deglaciation forms as indicators of different glacial and glaciomarginal environments, Boreas 9 (1980), pp. 179–191. View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (9) Lidmar-Bergström et al., 1991 K. Lidmar-Bergström, C. Elvhage and B. Ringberg, Landforms in Skane, south Sweden, Geografiska Annaler 73A (1991), pp. 61–91. Full Text via CrossRef | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (11) Lundqvist, 1969 Lundqvist, J., 1969. Problems of the so-called Rogen moraine. Sverige Geologiske Undersökning, Series C, 648. Lundqvist, 1989 J. Lundqvist, Rogen (ribbed) moraine: identification and possible origin, Sedimentary Geology 62 (1989), pp. 281–292. Abstract | PDF (1116 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (38) Lundqvist, 1997 J. Lundqvist, Rogen moraine—an example of two-step formation of glacial landscapes, Sedimentary Geology 111 (1997), pp. 27–40. Abstract | PDF (4751 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (13) Markgren and Lassila, 1980 M. Markgren and M. Lassila, Problems of moraine morphology, Rogen moraine and Blattnick moraine, Boreas 9 (1980), pp. 271–274. View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (6) McCabe et al., 1999 A.M. McCabe, J. Knight and S.G. Mc Carron, Ice-flow stages and glacial bedforms in north central Ireland: a record of rapid environmental change during the last glacial termination, Journal of the Geological Society, London 156 (1999), pp. 63–72. Full Text via CrossRef | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (21) Menzies, 1987 Menzies, J., 1987. Towards a general hypothesis on the formation of drumlins. In: Menzies, J., Rose, J. (Eds.), Drumlin Symposium. Balkema, Rotterdam, pp. 9–24. Menzies and Shilts, 1996 J. Menzies and W.W. Shilts, Subglacial environments. In: J. Menzies, Editor, Past Glacial Environments: Sediments Forms and Techniques, Butterworth Heineman, Oxford (1996) 605pp. Minell, 1980 H. Minell, The distribution of local bedrock material in some moraine forms from the inner part of northern Sweden, Boreas 9 (1980), pp. 275–281. View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (4) Mollard and James, 1984 J.O. Mollard and R. James, Airphoto interpretation and the Canadian landscape, Canadian Government Publishing Centre, Hull Canada (1984) 415pp. Möller, 2006 P. Möller, Rogen moraine—an example of glacial reshaping of pre-existing landforms, Quaternary Science Reviews 25 (2006), pp. 362–389. Article | PDF (2867 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (12) Rabus et al., 2003 B. Rabus, M. Eineder, A. Roth and R. Bamler, The shuttle radar topography mission—a new class of digital elevation models acquired by spaceborne rader, Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing 57 (2003), pp. 241–262. Article | PDF (2943 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (258) Rose, 1987 Rose, J., 1987. Drumlins as part of a glacier bedform continuum. In: Menzies, J., Rose, J. (Eds.), Drumlin Symposium. Balkema, Rotterdam, pp. 103–116. Shaw, 1979 J. Shaw, Genesis of the Sveg till and Rogen moraines of central Sweden: a model of basal Melt out, Boreas 8 (1979), pp. 409–426. View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (31) Shilts and Aylsworth, 1989 W.W. Shilts and J.M. Aylsworth, Glacial features around the Keewatin ice divide: districts of Mackenzie and Keewatin, Geological Survey of Canada Paper 88-24 (1989), p. 21. Shilts et al., 1987 W.W. Shilts, J.M. Aylsworth, C.A. Kaszycki and R.A. Klassen, Canadian shield. In: W.L. Graf, Editor, Geomorphic Systems of North America. Centennial special vol. 2, Geological Society of America (1987), pp. 119–161. View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (14) Smith and Clark, 2005 M.j. Smith and C.D. Clark, Methods for the visualisation of digital elevation models for landform mapping, Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 30 (2005), pp. 885–900. View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (26) Smith et al., 2001 M.j. Smith, C.D. Clark and S.M. Wise, Mapping glacial lineaments from satellite imagery: an assessment of the problems and development of best procedure, Slovak Geological Magazine 7 (2001), pp. 263–274. Sollid and Sørbel, 1984 Sollid, J.L., Sørbel, L., 1984. Distribution and genesis of moraines in Central Norway. In: Könnigson, L.-K. (Ed.), Ten Years of Nordic Till Research, Striae, vol. 20, pp. 63–67. Stokes and Clark, 2001 C.R. Stokes and C.D. Clark, Palaeo-ice streams, Quaternary Science Reviews 20 (2001), pp. 1437–1457. Article | PDF (1391 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (124) Stokes and Clark, 2003 C.R. Stokes and C.D. Clark, The Dubawnt Lake Palaeo-Ice Stream: evidence for dynamic ice sheet behaviour on the Canadian Shield and insights regarding the controls on ice-stream location and vigour, Boreas 32 (2003) (1), pp. 263–279. Full Text via CrossRef | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (32) Sugden and John, 1976 D.E. Sugden and B.S. John, Glaciers and Landscape, Edward Arnold Publishers, London (1976) 376pp.

PY - 2006/1/2

Y1 - 2006/1/2

N2 - Ribbed (Rogen) moraines are large subglacially formed transverse ridges that cover extensive areas of the former Laurentide,Scandinavian and Irish ice sheets. Given their ubiquitous and conspicuous nature, it is surprising that their characteristics are poorlyunderstood. To date, most ribbed moraine studies have been spatially restricted and rely on small sample sizes. Thus, published accounts of their characteristics are most likely unrepresentative of ribbed moraines generally. This study addresses this deficit by producing the first representative data set on ribbed moraine size, shape, pattern and distribution and we describe their spatial characteristics. Various remote sensing and GIS techniques were used to map ribbed moraines over a combined area of 81,000km2 in Canada, Ireland and Sweden producing a database of just over 33,000 individual landforms. In all, 25,082 ridges were mapped in two areas in central and northern Quebec (the Lac Naococane and River Kaniapiskau regions), 5637 in the Lake Rogen area of central Sweden and 2500 in north central Ireland. In comparison against the published accounts of ribbed moraine we demonstrate that some widely held assertions areinaccurate or untrue, and we show that ribbed moraine morphological characteristics are more complex than has been hitherto reported. Our data reveals they exist over a larger scale range than was previously stated. This study concludes by presenting a list of ribbedmoraine characteristics and argues that formational hypotheses must account for these if they are to remain valid explanations of ribbed moraine genesis.

AB - Ribbed (Rogen) moraines are large subglacially formed transverse ridges that cover extensive areas of the former Laurentide,Scandinavian and Irish ice sheets. Given their ubiquitous and conspicuous nature, it is surprising that their characteristics are poorlyunderstood. To date, most ribbed moraine studies have been spatially restricted and rely on small sample sizes. Thus, published accounts of their characteristics are most likely unrepresentative of ribbed moraines generally. This study addresses this deficit by producing the first representative data set on ribbed moraine size, shape, pattern and distribution and we describe their spatial characteristics. Various remote sensing and GIS techniques were used to map ribbed moraines over a combined area of 81,000km2 in Canada, Ireland and Sweden producing a database of just over 33,000 individual landforms. In all, 25,082 ridges were mapped in two areas in central and northern Quebec (the Lac Naococane and River Kaniapiskau regions), 5637 in the Lake Rogen area of central Sweden and 2500 in north central Ireland. In comparison against the published accounts of ribbed moraine we demonstrate that some widely held assertions areinaccurate or untrue, and we show that ribbed moraine morphological characteristics are more complex than has been hitherto reported. Our data reveals they exist over a larger scale range than was previously stated. This study concludes by presenting a list of ribbedmoraine characteristics and argues that formational hypotheses must account for these if they are to remain valid explanations of ribbed moraine genesis.

KW - Ribbed moraine

KW - morphology

KW - morphometry

U2 - 10.1016/j.quascirev.2006.01.002

DO - 10.1016/j.quascirev.2006.01.002

M3 - Article

VL - 25

SP - 1668

EP - 1691

ER -