The midwives aren't allowed to tell you": perceived infant feeding policy restrictions in a formula feeding culture - the Feeding Your Baby Study

Briege M Lagan, Andrew Symon, Janet Dalzell, Heather Whitford

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: To explore the expectations and experiences of postnatal mothers in relation to infant feeding, and to identify how care could be improved.Design: This study used a qualitative, exploratory, descriptive design. Data were collected through one to one in-depth semi-structured interviews and focus groups.Setting: Tayside area of Eastern Scotland. Participants: Seven focus group interviews (n=38 participants) and 40 semi-structured one-to-one interviews with mothers with a range of infant feeding experiences i.e. exclusively breast fed; started breastfeeding but changed to formula before 16 weeks; exclusively formula fed; or who concurrently breast and formula fed their baby.Findings: A principal theme of ‘Mixed and missing messages’ emerged, incorporating ‘Conflicting advice’, ‘Information gaps’ and ‘Pressure to breastfeed’ with a secondary theme of ‘Emotional costs’. Several problems were identified with how women were given information, how infant feeding discussions were held, and the type of support available after the baby is born. Key Conclusions: There was a strong perception that some midwives are not ‘allowed’ to discuss or provide information on formula feeding, and the women reported feeling pressurised to breastfeed. Current interpretation of guidance from the UNICEF UK Baby Friendly Initiative may be restricting antenatal discussions about infant feeding. The combination of this partial preparation antenatally and postnatal support that was often inconsistent seems to incur a counter-productive emotional cost. Implications for Practice: At strategic, policy and practice levels the infant feeding message needs to change to encourage a more woman-centred focus including discussions about the realities of all types of infant feeding. It is important that health providers continue to promote and support breastfeeding; and that effective services are provided to women who wish to breastfeed to help them to do so. However provision of information about all aspects of feeding is needed as well as support for women who do not wish to breastfeed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-1
Publication statusPublished - 2013


  • Breastfeeding
  • Formula feeding
  • Informed consent
  • Policy


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