The malleability of stigmatizing attitudes: Combining imagined social contact with implicit attitude feedback

Charlotte, R Pennington, Claire Campbell, Rebecca, L. Monk, Derek Heim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Research is reported that examines whether imagined social contact combined with implicit attitude feedback may be an effective intervention for inducing changes in attitudes toward mental ill health. The Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure (IRAP) captured participants’ implicit attitudes toward indivi- duals with a mental illness and provided a measure of attitude bias. Forty-eight participants (17 male, 95.8% White British) were randomly assigned to one of four experimental conditions: (1) Imagined social contact with implicit attitude feedback, (2) imagined social contact without feedback, (3) control with feedback, and (4) control without feedback. This resulted in a data set detailing 12,288 implicit responses, with each participant completing 256 IRAP trials. Participants then completed an attitude change assessment 24 hours later. Results revealed that imagined social contact was successful in changing implicit attitudes, with the addition of implicit attitude feedback further strengthening participants’ positive attitudes toward mental ill health. Explicit attitudes remained unaffected. These findings are the first to highlight the practical importance of combining imagined social contact with implicit attitude feedback to improve attitudes toward out-groups who are stigmatized.
LanguageEnglish
Pages175-195
JournalAmerican Journal of Psychiatric Rehabilitation
Volume19
Issue number3
Early online date19 Aug 2016
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 19 Aug 2016

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social relations
attitude change
outgroup
health
mental illness

Keywords

  • Attitude change
  • explicit attitudes
  • Implicit Association Test
  • implicit attitudes
  • Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure
  • mental illness
  • public stigma

Cite this

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abstract = "Research is reported that examines whether imagined social contact combined with implicit attitude feedback may be an effective intervention for inducing changes in attitudes toward mental ill health. The Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure (IRAP) captured participants’ implicit attitudes toward indivi- duals with a mental illness and provided a measure of attitude bias. Forty-eight participants (17 male, 95.8{\%} White British) were randomly assigned to one of four experimental conditions: (1) Imagined social contact with implicit attitude feedback, (2) imagined social contact without feedback, (3) control with feedback, and (4) control without feedback. This resulted in a data set detailing 12,288 implicit responses, with each participant completing 256 IRAP trials. Participants then completed an attitude change assessment 24 hours later. Results revealed that imagined social contact was successful in changing implicit attitudes, with the addition of implicit attitude feedback further strengthening participants’ positive attitudes toward mental ill health. Explicit attitudes remained unaffected. These findings are the first to highlight the practical importance of combining imagined social contact with implicit attitude feedback to improve attitudes toward out-groups who are stigmatized.",
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The malleability of stigmatizing attitudes: Combining imagined social contact with implicit attitude feedback. / Pennington, Charlotte, R; Campbell, Claire; Monk, Rebecca, L.; Heim, Derek.

In: American Journal of Psychiatric Rehabilitation, Vol. 19, No. 3, 19.08.2016, p. 175-195.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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